Pratiprasthatri, Pratiprasthātṛ: 6 definitions


Pratiprasthatri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pratiprasthātṛ can be transliterated into English as Pratiprasthatr or Pratiprasthatri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pratiprasthatri in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pratiprasthātṛ (प्रतिप्रस्थातृ) refers to one of the three types of companions for the Adhvaryu, which is one of the four classes of Ṛtvijas (Ṛtvik), or “priests participating in the Vedic sacrifices”, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.27.—The priests (Ṛtvijas) participating in the Vedic sacrifices are usually four in number. They are Hotṛ, Adhvaryu, Udgātṛ and Brahman corresponding to the four Vedas—Ṛg, Yajus, Sāman and Atharvan respectively. Each of the priests has three companions or helpers, the total no. is sixteen viz. Hotṛ—Maitrāvaruṇa, Acchāvāka, Grāvastut; Adhvaryu—Pratiprasthātṛ, Neṣṭṛ, Unnetṛ; Udgātṛ—Prastotṛ, Pratihartṛ, Subrahmaṇya and Brahman—Brāhmaṇācchaṃsin, Agnīdhra, Potṛ. See Āśvalāyana Śrauta Sūtra IV. 1.4-6.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Pratiprasthatri in Hinduism glossary
Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Pratiprasthātṛ (प्रतिप्रस्थातृ) is the name of a priest (Ṛtvij), one of the assistants of the Adhvaryu, in the later Saṃhitās and the Brāhmaṇas. He is not mentioned in the Ṛgveda, but mention is once made in that Saṃhitā of the two Adhvaryus. These may have meant, as later, the Adhvaryu and the Prati-prasthātṛ. Oldenberg, however, thinks that the Adhvaryu and the Agnīdh are intended, a conjecture for which there is some authority.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratiprasthatri in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratiprasthātṛ (प्रतिप्रस्थातृ).—m. An epithet of a priest who assists the Adhvaryū.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratiprasthātṛ (प्रतिप्रस्थातृ).—[masculine] a cert. priest, sthāna [neuter] his office.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Pratiprasthātṛ (प्रतिप्रस्थातृ) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Vs. Sb. 59.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratiprasthātṛ (प्रतिप्रस्थातृ):—[=prati-pra-sthātṛ] m. (√sthā) Name of a priest who assists the Adhvaryu, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa; ???]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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