Pratinidhi: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Pratinidhi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Pratinidhi (प्रतिनिधि) refers to “substitution”, according to the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-sūtras.—“If what is prescribed is absent, a substitute [viz., Pratinidhi] is to be taken according to similarity. If there is nothing very like, something a little like may be substituted, only it must not be prohibited. The substitute should take the nature of that for which it is substituted”.

Commentary: In cases where anything special that has been prescribed is wanting, a substitute [pratinidhi] must be chosen, as similar as possible, and producing a similar effect.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pratinidhi.—a representative (Hist. Dharm., Vol. III, p. 150). Note: pratinidhi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratinidhi in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pratinidhi (प्रतिनिधि).—m (S) A resemblance of a real form; an image of a statue, a picture &c. 2 Hence Viceroy, vicegerent, locum-tenens; a representative or proxy; a surety or bondsman: also a succedaneum or substitute. The emblems of the pratinidhi were dōna mukhavaṭē (i.e. the bust of figure of māruti and of garuḍa) and dōna ābadāgirī (i.e. two umbrellas of state).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pratinidhi (प्रतिनिधि).—m A representative.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratinidhi in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratinidhi (प्रतिनिधि).—

1) A representative, substitute; सोऽभवत् प्रतिनिधिर्न कर्मणा (so'bhavat pratinidhirna karmaṇā) R.11.13;1.81;4.54;5,63;9.4. अल्लीशाहात् प्रतिनिधिं तस्य शैलस्य सर्वथा (allīśāhāt pratinidhiṃ tasya śailasya sarvathā) Śiva B.28.4.

2) A deputy, vicegerent.

3) Substitution.

4) A surety.

5) An image, likeness, picture.

Derivable forms: pratinidhiḥ (प्रतिनिधिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratinidhi (प्रतिनिधि).—m.

(-dhiḥ) 1. A resemblance of a real form, an image, a statue, &c. 2. A surety. 3. A substitute. E. prati again, dhā to have, with ni prefix, ki aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratinidhi (प्रतिनिधि).—i. e. prati-ni -dhā (see nidhi), m. 1. A substitute, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 180. 2. An image, likeness, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 5, 63.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratinidhi (प्रतिनिधि).—[masculine] substitution, substitute; image of, resembling (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratinidhi (प्रतिनिधि):—[=prati-nidhi] [from pratini-dhā] m. substitution

2) [v.s. ...] a substitute, representative, proxy, surety, [???; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a resemblance of a real form, an image, likeness, statue, picture, [Kāvya literature]

4) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) an image of id est. similar, like, [Kāvyādarśa] (dhī-√kṛ, to substitute anything [accusative] for [compound] [Mahābhārata; Raghuvaṃśa])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratinidhi (प्रतिनिधि):—[prati-nidhi] (dhiḥ) 2. m. A resemblance, image; a surety, substitute.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pratinidhi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratinidhi in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pratinidhi (प्रतिनिधि):—(nm) a delegate; representative; deputy; ~[ka] representative; ~[tva] representation; deputation; delegacy; ~[maṃḍala] a delegation, a body of representatives; deputation; -[sabhā] house of representatives.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratinidhi in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pratinidhi (ಪ್ರತಿನಿಧಿ):—

1) [noun] a person or thing enough like the others in its class or kind to serve as an example or type; a representative.

2) [noun] a person duly authorised to act or speak for another or others as a member of a legislative assembly, an ambassador, delegate, etc.; a representative.

3) [noun] a salesman or agent for a business firm; a representative.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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