Pratimoksha, Prātimokṣa, Pratimokṣa: 7 definitions


Pratimoksha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Prātimokṣa and Pratimokṣa can be transliterated into English as Pratimoksa or Pratimoksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Pratimoksha in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

The Prātimokṣa (Sanskrit; Pali: Pāṭimokkha) is a list of rules (contained within the vinaya) governing the behaviour of Buddhist monks (Bhikkhus) and nuns (Bhikkhunis). Prati means "towards", and mokṣa means liberation from cyclic existence (saṃsāra). Prātimokṣa texts may also circulate in separate prātimokṣa sūtras, which are extracts from their respective vinayas.

The Prātimokṣa belongs to the Vinaya of the Buddhist doctrine and is seen as the very basis of Buddhism.

The Prātimokṣa is traditionally a section of the Vinaya. The Theravada Vinaya is preserved in the Pali Canon, in the Vinaya Piṭaka section. The Mūlasarvāstivāda Vinaya is preserved in both the Tibetan Buddhist canon in the Kangyur, in a Chinese edition, and in an incomplete Sanskrit manuscript.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratimoksha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratimokṣa (प्रतिमोक्ष).—Liberation, deliverance; प्रतिमोक्षणम् (pratimokṣaṇam) remission (of taxes).

Derivable forms: pratimokṣaḥ (प्रतिमोक्षः).

See also (synonyms): pratimokṣaṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pratimokṣa (प्रतिमोक्ष).—q.v. (the literary work): na ca pratimokṣa-vinaye vā Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 30.11 (verse; perhaps pra- for prā- m.c., but meter is obscure to me); pratimokṣa- saṃvara-saṃvṛtā(ḥ) Kāraṇḍavvūha 98.23 (prose).

Pratimokṣa can also be spelled as Prātimokṣa (प्रातिमोक्ष).

--- OR ---

Prātimokṣa (प्रातिमोक्ष).—m. (on [etymology] and literal meaning compare Winter-nitz, H.I.Lit. 2.22; = Pali pātimokkha, pāṭi°), name of the code of precepts in the Vinaya according to which monks are controlled and corrected (with penances etc.): Mahāvyutpatti 9217 = Tibetan so sor thar pa, individual (as if = prati) release (sc. from sin), which is accomplished by confession and penance. As in Pali, [compound] with saṃvara, q.v. for this [compound] Generally seems to refer to the literary text containing this code, one version of which is our [Prātimokṣasūtra des Sarvāstivādins]: °kṣa-sūtrodde- śam (acc.) [Prātimokṣasūtra des Sarvāstivādins] 476.8; Avadāna-śataka ii.21.12; °śaḥ Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iii.107.9; prātimokṣād Śikṣāsamuccaya 125.9 (seems to refer to a literary text); pūrāgheṇa (see s.v. pūra) prātimokṣe Śikṣāsamuccaya 143.6—7, in the (book of) expiation according to full value (of the require- ments, i.e. matching the offense). See also pratimokṣa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratimokṣa (प्रतिमोक्ष).—m.

(-kṣaḥ) Liberation, deliverance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratimokṣa (प्रतिमोक्ष):—[=prati-mokṣa] m. (√mokṣ) liberation, deliverance

2) [v.s. ...] (with, [Buddhist literature]) emancipation, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] the formulary for releasing monks by penances, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]

4) Prātimokṣa (प्रातिमोक्ष):—[=prāti-mokṣa] [from prāti] m. = prati-m q.v., [Buddhist literature]

[Sanskrit to German]

Pratimoksha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of pratimoksha or pratimoksa in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

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