Pratimana, Pratimāna: 12 definitions
Pratimana means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Partiman.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Pratimāna (प्रतिमान) refers to “weight” or “scales”, as mentioned in chapter 1.5 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism. Accordingly:—“[...] Moreover, each one of the others, sons, grandsons, etc., of Bāhubali, strong as an army of ten divisions, makes even Kṛtānta afraid. His vassal-kings, etc., are their equals in devotion to the master and in power, just like weights put on the scales [i.e., pratimāna] to balance them”.
Note: Pratimāna is quoted only as ‘weight’ in the abstract, but here it must be either the weight put in one scale-pan to balance, or, perhaps, the scale itself.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) A model, pattern; सोऽर्जुनेन हतः कर्णः प्रतिमानं धनुष्मताम् (so'rjunena hataḥ karṇaḥ pratimānaṃ dhanuṣmatām) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 8.9.18.
2) An image, idol.
3) Likeness, similitude, similarity; हेरम्बकण्ठरसितप्रतिमानमेति (herambakaṇṭharasitapratimānameti) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 9.3.
4) A weight; रत्नसारफल्गुकुप्यानामर्घप्रतिवर्णक- प्रतिमानमानोन्मानावमानभाण्डम् (ratnasāraphalgukupyānāmarghaprativarṇaka- pratimānamānonmānāvamānabhāṇḍam) Kau. Ā.2.7.25.
5) The part of an elephant's head between the tusks and below the वाहित्थ (vāhittha); Mahābhārata (Bombay) 8.28.38; also 6.46.29; पृथुप्रतिमानभाग (pṛthupratimānabhāga) &c. Śiśupālavadha 5.36, Mātaṅga L.5.7;6.8.
6) A reflection.
7) A picture.
8) Ved. An adversary.
Derivable forms: pratimānam (प्रतिमानम्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-naṃ) 1. Resemblance, an image, picture. 2. An idol. 3. A model. 4. Likeness, similarity. 5. A reflection. 6. A weight. 7. The part of an elephant’s head between the tusks. E. prati before, mā to measure, aff. lyuṭ .
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(-naṃ) A measure of capacity. E. prati, and mā to measure, lyuṭ aff. and the vowel of the prep. made long.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pratīmāna (प्रतीमान).—i. e. prati-mā + ana, n. A measure for gold, etc. (goldweights, etc.), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 403.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pratimāna (प्रतिमान).—[neuter] measure, weight, counterpart, match, model, pattern, likeness, similarity.
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Pratīmāna (प्रतीमान).—[neuter] counter measure.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Pratimāna (प्रतिमान):—[=prati-māna] n. a counterpart, well-matched opponent, adversary, [Ṛg-veda]
2) [v.s. ...] a model, pattern, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
3) [v.s. ...] an image, picture, idol, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] comparison, likeness, similarity, resemblance, [Mahābhārata; Mālatīmādhava]
5) [v.s. ...] a weight, [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra; Yājñavalkya] (cf. pratī-m)
6) [v.s. ...] = -bhāga, [Mahābhārata]
7) Pratīmāna (प्रतीमान):—[=pratī-māna] [from pratī] n. (cf. prati-m) a weight (measure), [Manu-smṛti viii, 403.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Pratimāna (प्रतिमान):—[prati-māna] (naṃ) 1. n. Part of the elephant’s head between the tusks; resemblance, likeness; an image.
2) Pratīmāna (प्रतीमान):—[pratī-māna] (naṃ) 1. n. A measure.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Pratimāna (प्रतिमान) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paḍimāṇa.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Pratimāna (प्रतिमान) [Also spelled partiman]:—(um) a pattern, specimen; prototype; standard.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] the likening of one thing to another on the basis of some similarity between the two; analogy.
2) [noun] any thing or person that is same, similar or equal; an equal.
3) [noun] an optical counterpart or appearance of an object, as is produced by reflection from a mirror, a shining surface, unperturbed water, etc.; an image.
4) [noun] something made by reproducing; copy, close imitation, duplication, etc.; reproduction.
5) [noun] the part of an elephant’s head between its tusks (or corresponding part of tuskless elephants).
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 3 books and stories containing Pratimana, Pratimāna, Pratīmāna, Prati-mana, Prati-māna, Pratī-māna; (plurals include: Pratimanas, Pratimānas, Pratīmānas, manas, mānas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Kautilya Arthashastra (by R. Shamasastry)
Chapter 7 - The Business of Keeping up Accounts in the Office of Accountants < [Book 2 - The duties of Government Superintendents]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 6: Preparations of both armies for battle < [Chapter V]
Part 10: Establishment of customs < [Chapter II]
Appendix 1.6: New and rare words < [Appendices]
Manasara (English translation) (by Prasanna Kumar Acharya)