Pratihata, Prātihata: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Pratihata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Pratihat.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Prātihata (प्रातिहत).—Name given to the circumflex vowel, standing at the beginning of a word and following the final vowel of the previous word which is acute (उदात्त (udātta)); cf. अपि चेन्नानापदस्थ-मुदात्तमथ चेत्सांहितेन स्वर्यते स प्रतिहतः (api cennānāpadastha-mudāttamatha cetsāṃhitena svaryate sa pratihataḥ) T. Pr. xx. 3.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pratihata in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Pratihata (प्रतिहत) refers to “destruction” (of darkness), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] I praise the (goddess) who enjoys (divine bliss) (bhoginī). Her body enjoyment (bhoga), she resides on the supreme plane (of existence) and is attained (only) by knowledge. Her plane is that of Kuṇḍalinī and her one (divine) attribute is compassion. [...] Accompanied by eight powerful Siddhas headed by (the Bhairava called) Aghora, (her) light shines a million-fold and, having destroyed (all) darkness [i.e., pratihata-timirā], (she) has illumined all reality”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Pratihata in Mahayana glossary
Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Pratihata (प्रतिहत) (Cf. Apratihata) refers to the “hostility”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly as The Lord said: “O Śāriputra, from innumerable aeons ago (asaṃkhyeya-kalpa), the Bodhisatvas in the Mahāvyūha universe have been in accordance with the [perfection of] giving as adorned with generosity, have been completely pure in understanding as adorned with morality, have been without hostile thoughts towards any living beings (apratihata-citta) as adorned with tolerance, have accumulated all qualities of the Buddha as adorned with vigour, [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratihata in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pratihata (प्रतिहत).—p S Struck, hit, hurt. 2 Repelled, repulsed, knocked back or down. 3 Reflected, reverberated. 4 Disappointed, foiled, baffled.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratihata in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratihata (प्रतिहत).—p. p.

1) Struck or beaten back; knocked back; तस्मिन् प्रतिहते चास्त्रे विस्मयो मे महानभूत् (tasmin pratihate cāstre vismayo me mahānabhūt) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.167.31.

2) Driven away, repelled, repulsed; शापादसि प्रतिहता (śāpādasi pratihatā) Ś.7.32; सा बुद्धिरप्रतिहता वचनं तदेव (sā buddhirapratihatā vacanaṃ tadeva) Bhartṛhari 2.4.

3) Opposed, obstructed.

4) Sent, despatched.

5) Hated, disliked.

6) Disappointed, frustrated.

7) Fallen, overthrown.

8) Tied, bound.

9) Impaired, lost; यावच्चेन्द्रियशक्तिरप्रति- हता (yāvaccendriyaśaktiraprati- hatā) Bhartṛhari 3.88; इमास्ता मन्मथवतां हिताः प्रतिहता दिशः (imāstā manmathavatāṃ hitāḥ pratihatā diśaḥ) Rām. 4.28.13.

1) Dazzled (as eyes).

11) Dulled, blunted (as teeth by acid).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratihata (प्रतिहत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Disappointed. 1. Opposed, obstructed. 3. Fallen, overthrown. 4. Sent, despatched. 5. Hated, disliked. 6. Tied, bound. 7. Struck, hurt, killed, especilally in return or requital. 8. Repulsed, repelled. 9. Reflected. E. prati before, hata hurt or killed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratihata (प्रतिहत):—[=prati-hata] [from prati-han] mfn. struck or striking against, [Rāmāyaṇa; Śakuntalā; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

2) [v.s. ...] repelled, warded off, checked, impeded, obstructed, prevented, omitted, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] dazzled (as eyes id est. impeded in their functions), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] dulled, blunted (as teeth by acids = hṛṣita), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. [Patañjali on Pāṇini 7-2, 29])

5) [v.s. ...] hostile (cf. below)

6) [v.s. ...] disappointed, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] hated, disliked, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] tied, bound, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] sent, despatched, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([probably] [wrong reading] for pra-hita)

10) Prātihata (प्रातिहत):—[=prāti-hata] [from prāti] m. a kind of Svarita accent, [Taittirīya-prātiśākhya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratihata (प्रतिहत):—[prati-hata] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) p. Foiled; opposed; fallen; sent; hated; tied; hurt; reflected.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pratihata (प्रतिहत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ḍihaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pratihata in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratihata in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pratihata (प्रतिहत) [Also spelled pratihat]:—(a) restrained, obstructed, hampered; defeated.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratihata in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pratihata (ಪ್ರತಿಹತ):—

1) [adjective] beaten, struck in retaliation.

2) [adjective] wounded; injured.

3) [adjective] sent or driven back; repulsed.

4) [adjective] opposed; resisted.

5) [adjective] defeated; beaten; frustrated.

6) [adjective] fallen down (from a higher place, position, status, etc.).

7) [adjective] disappointed; left unsatisfied.

8) [adjective] obstructed; hindered; impeded.

9) [adjective] hated or being subject to another’s hatred, dislike.

10) [adjective] removed; taken off; driven out or away.

--- OR ---

Pratihata (ಪ್ರತಿಹತ):—

1) [noun] the fact of being defeated, overpowered (by another as in a fight, combat, etc.).

2) [noun] the act or an instance of obstructing or being obstructed; hindrance.

3) [noun] a man who is disappointed, frustrated.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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