Pratigrah: 3 definitions

Introduction:

Pratigrah means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratigrah in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratigrah (प्रतिग्रह्).—9. U.

1) To hold, seize, take, support; वर्षधरप्रतिगृहीतमेनम् (varṣadharapratigṛhītamenam) M.4; Manusmṛti 2.48.

2) To take, accept, receive; ददाति प्रतिगृह्णाति (dadāti pratigṛhṇāti) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 2; अमोघाः प्रतिगृह्णन्तावर्ध्यानुपदमा- शिषः (amoghāḥ pratigṛhṇantāvardhyānupadamā- śiṣaḥ) R.1.44;2.22.

3) To receive or accept as a present.

4) To receive inimically, oppose, encounter, resist; to attack, assault; प्रतिजग्राह कालिङ्गस्तमस्त्रैर्गजसाधनः (pratijagrāha kāliṅgastamastrairgajasādhanaḥ) R.4.4;12.47.

5) To take in marriage, marry; विधिवत् प्रतिगृह्यापि त्यजेत् कन्यां विगर्हिताम् (vidhivat pratigṛhyāpi tyajet kanyāṃ vigarhitām) Manusmṛti 9.72.

6) To obey, conform or listen to.

7) To resort to, betake oneself to.

8) To eclipse.

9) To assent to, admit.

1) To occupy, take possession of.

11) To deprive (one) of.

12) To welcome, receive; प्रत्यगृह्णाद्यथान्यायं विदुरश्च महामनाः (pratyagṛhṇādyathānyāyaṃ viduraśca mahāmanāḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 14.66.6.

13) To eat, drink. -Caus.

1) To cause to accept, give, present.

3) To allow to take or retain; मुष्टं प्रतिग्राहयता स्वमर्थं पात्रीकृतो दस्युरिवासि येन (muṣṭaṃ pratigrāhayatā svamarthaṃ pātrīkṛto dasyurivāsi yena) Ś.5.2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratigrah (प्रतिग्रह्):—[=prati-√grah] [Parasmaipada] [Ātmanepada] -gṛhṇāti, -gṛhṇīte (irreg. 2. sg. [imperative] -gṛhṇa, [Rāmāyaṇa]; [Aorist] -ajagrabhat, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]),

—to take hold of, grasp, seize (in [astrology] = to eclipse, obscure), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.;

—to take (as a present or into possession), appropriate, receive, accept, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (śirasā, ‘with the head’ i e. ‘humbly, obediently’ [Rāmāyaṇa]);

—to gain, win over, [Rāmāyaṇa];

—to take as a wife, marry, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.;

—to take = eat, drink, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa];

—to receive (a friend or guest), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;

—to receive (anything agreeable as a good word or omen), [Rāmāyaṇa; Kālidāsa];

—to assent to, acquiesce in, approve, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa];

— (rarely) to receive (an enemy), oppose, encounter, [Mahābhārata; Raghuvaṃśa] :

—[Causal] -grāhayati, to cause to accept, present with (2 [accusative]), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Kālidāsa];

—to answer, reply, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa] :

—[Desiderative] -jighṛkṣati, to wish to accept, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pratigrah (प्रतिग्रह्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paḍigāha.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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