Pratibadhaka, Pratibādhaka: 9 definitions


Pratibadhaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Pratibadhaka in Mahayana glossary
Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Pratibādhaka (प्रतिबाधक) refers to the “transgressor (of the true dharma)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] At that time, sixty koṭis of Bodhisattvas, having stood up from the congregation, joined their palms, paid homage to the Lord, and then uttered these verses in one voice: ‘[...] (215) Immediately after seeing the transgressor of the true dharma (saddharma-pratibādhaka), even from afar, we will show friendliness to him that he show not anger towards us. (216) Being restrained in word and deed, we will protect them as much as possible, and never reproach them for being established in a particular sinful activity. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratibadhaka in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pratibādhaka (प्रतिबाधक).—a (Formed by prefixing prati to bādhaka) That opposes, obstructs, withstands, prohibits, precludes, prevents; and, generally, that stands in the way of, disagrees with, or affects injuriously.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratibadhaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratibādhaka (प्रतिबाधक).—a.

1) Repelling, keeping off.

2) Preventing, obstructing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratibadhaka (प्रतिबधक).—m.

(-kaḥ) An opposer, an injurer. E. prati, bagh to kill, vun aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratibādhaka (प्रतिबाधक).—[adjective] repelling, rejecting (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratibādhaka (प्रतिबाधक):—[=prati-bādhaka] [from prati-bādh] mf(ikā)n. thrusting back, repelling (ifc.), [Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] preventing, obstructing, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratibadhaka (प्रतिबधक):—[prati-badhaka] (kaḥ) 1. m. An opponent.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pratibadhaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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