Pratardana: 9 definitions


Pratardana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pratardana in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Pratardana (प्रतर्दन):—Son of Dyumān (son of Divodāsa). He was also known as Śatrujit, Vatsa, Ṛtadhvaja and Kuvalayāśva. He had a son called Alarka. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.17.4-5)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pratardana (प्रतर्दन).—General information. A King of the line of Pūru. Pratardana who was the son of the daughter of King Yayāti ruled the country after making Kāśī his capital. Pratardana’s mother was Mādhavī, Yayāti’s daughter, and father, Divodāsa. Pratardana once found on his way his grandfather, King Yayāti, who had fallen from Svarga. (See under Yayāti). Other details.

(i) Emperor Śibi gave Pratardana a sword. (Śloka 80, Chapter 166, Śānti Parva).

(ii) He once gave a gift of a netra (eye) to the brahmins. (Śloka 20, Chapter 224, Śānti Parva).

(iii) He slew the son of Vītahavya. (See under Vītahavya).

(iv) Pratardana courted death after appointing his sons for the service of brahmins. (Śloka 5, Chapter 137, Anuśāsana Parva). (See full article at Story of Pratardana from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Pratardana (प्रतर्दन).—See Dyumat.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 17. 6.

1b) A son of Divodāsa; father of Vatsa and Garga;1 earned the title, Śatrujit by destroying the line of Bhadraśreṇīya; known as Vatsa, so called by his father out of love, and as Ṛtadhvaja by being truthful. For possessing a horse by name Kuvalāyaśva, he came to be known by that name. Alarka was the son of Vatsa.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 67. 67-9; Vāyu-purāṇa 92. 64, 65.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 8. 11-16.

1c) A grandson of Yayāti by his daughter who with Aṣṭaka, Śibi and Pratardana was engaged in a sacrifice;1 discoursed with Yayāti on different worlds and promised to give those worlds to which he was entitled to; went to heaven with the above.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 35. 5.
  • 2) Ib. 38. 22; 41. 13-14; 42. 14, 26 and 28.

1d) A group of gods, twelve in number, of the epoch of Uttama Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 27, 31. Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 24; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 14.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

1) Pratardana (प्रतर्दन) the name of an ancient king, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Sūta said that once Manu, the son of Sūrya went to a forest named Kāmika, where the sages Bhṛgu and others were trying to determine the highest truth on the occasion of a great sacrifice instituted by king Pratardana. Being unable to come to a conclusion the sages went with Manu to Dvādaśāditya, the land of the Sun and practiced penance there for thousand years. The Sun was pleased and appeared before Manu, who then eulogised him...

2) Pratardana (प्रतर्दन) refers to one of the twelve groups of Gods in the Uttama-Manvantara: one of the fourteen Manvantaras.—Accordingly, “In the Uttama Manvantara the Sudhāmās are the Gods having twelve groups like Pratardana, Śiva, Satya, Vaśavarti etc. Sudānti was the Indra. Raja, Gotra, Ardhabāhu, Savana, Anagha, Sutapā and Śukra are the Seven sages.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of pratardana in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratardana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratardana (प्रतर्दन).—

1) Name of the son of Divodāsa.

2) Name of one of Indra's disciples.

Derivable forms: pratardanaḥ (प्रतर्दनः).

--- OR ---

Pratardana (प्रतर्दन).—a. Piercing, destroying (an epithet of Viṣṇu).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratardana (प्रतर्दन).—[adjective] piercing through; [masculine] destoyer, [Epithet] of Viṣṇu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratardana (प्रतर्दन):—[=pra-tardana] a See under pra-√tṛd.

2) [=pra-tardana] [from pra-tṛd] b mfn. piercing, destroying (said of Viṣṇu), [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra] [manuscript]

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a king of KāŚi (son of Divo-dāsa and author of [Ṛg-veda ix, 96]), [Brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] of a Rākṣasa, [Rāmāyaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] of a class of divinities under Manu Auttama, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

6) Prātardana (प्रातर्दन):—[=prā-tardana] [from prā] mf(ī)n. belonging to or derived from Pratardana, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Pratardana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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