Pratardana: 6 definitions


Pratardana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pratardana in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Pratardana (प्रतर्दन):—Son of Dyumān (son of Divodāsa). He was also known as Śatrujit, Vatsa, Ṛtadhvaja and Kuvalayāśva. He had a son called Alarka. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.17.4-5)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pratardana (प्रतर्दन).—General information. A King of the line of Pūru. Pratardana who was the son of the daughter of King Yayāti ruled the country after making Kāśī his capital. Pratardana’s mother was Mādhavī, Yayāti’s daughter, and father, Divodāsa. Pratardana once found on his way his grandfather, King Yayāti, who had fallen from Svarga. (See under Yayāti). Other details.

(i) Emperor Śibi gave Pratardana a sword. (Śloka 80, Chapter 166, Śānti Parva).

(ii) He once gave a gift of a netra (eye) to the brahmins. (Śloka 20, Chapter 224, Śānti Parva).

(iii) He slew the son of Vītahavya. (See under Vītahavya).

(iv) Pratardana courted death after appointing his sons for the service of brahmins. (Śloka 5, Chapter 137, Anuśāsana Parva). (See full article at Story of Pratardana from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Pratardana (प्रतर्दन).—See Dyumat.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 17. 6.

1b) A son of Divodāsa; father of Vatsa and Garga;1 earned the title, Śatrujit by destroying the line of Bhadraśreṇīya; known as Vatsa, so called by his father out of love, and as Ṛtadhvaja by being truthful. For possessing a horse by name Kuvalāyaśva, he came to be known by that name. Alarka was the son of Vatsa.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 67. 67-9; Vāyu-purāṇa 92. 64, 65.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 8. 11-16.

1c) A grandson of Yayāti by his daughter who with Aṣṭaka, Śibi and Pratardana was engaged in a sacrifice;1 discoursed with Yayāti on different worlds and promised to give those worlds to which he was entitled to; went to heaven with the above.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 35. 5.
  • 2) Ib. 38. 22; 41. 13-14; 42. 14, 26 and 28.

1d) A group of gods, twelve in number, of the epoch of Uttama Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 27, 31. Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 24; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 14.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Pratardana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratardana (प्रतर्दन).—

1) Name of the son of Divodāsa.

2) Name of one of Indra's disciples.

Derivable forms: pratardanaḥ (प्रतर्दनः).

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Pratardana (प्रतर्दन).—a. Piercing, destroying (an epithet of Viṣṇu).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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