Prashana, Prāśana, Prāsana: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Prashana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Prāśana can be transliterated into English as Prasana or Prashana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: archive.org: Sardhatrisatikalottaragama

Prāśana (प्राशन) refers to the ceremony of “first time tasting food”, which is mentioned as one of the fire-rituals related to the kuṇḍa (“fire-pit”), according to the various Āgamas and related literature. Prāśana is mentioned in the Vīra-āgama (chapter 41). The Makuṭa-āgama (chapter 6) mentions Annaprāśana.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Prashana in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Prāśana (प्राशन) refers to the “ceremonial licking up (of the remains of libation)” (performed during the marriage ceremony), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.50 (“Description of fun and frolic”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] At the behest of the Brahmins, Śiva applied Red powder on the head of Pārvatī. The lustre of Pārvatī at that time was beyond description and very wondrous. Thereafter at the bidding of the Brahmins both sat on the same cushion and attained such a lustre as accentuated joy in the hearts of the devotees. O sage, then they returned to their apartment and, at my behest performed the rite of Saṃsrava Prāśana, of wonderful sportive nature that they were. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prāśana (प्राशन).—n (S) Drinking: also drinking in or absorbing.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prāśana (प्राशन).—

1) Eating, feeding upon, tasting.

2) Causing to eat, or taste; मन्त्रवत् प्राशनं चास्य हिरण्यमधुसर्पिषाम् (mantravat prāśanaṃ cāsya hiraṇyamadhusarpiṣām) Manusmṛti 2.29.

3) Food.

Derivable forms: prāśanam (प्राशनम्).

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Prāsana (प्रासन).—

1) Throwing, hurling, casting.

2) Throwing down.

Derivable forms: prāsanam (प्रासनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāśana (प्राशन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Feeding, causing to taste or eat. 2. Tasting E. pra before, to eat, intransitive or causal v., lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāśana (प्राशन).—i. e. pra- 2. aś + ana, n. 1. Causing to eat, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 29. 2. Eating, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 144.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāśana (प्राशन).—[neuter] eating, feeding.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prāśana (प्राशन):—[from prāś] n. eating, feeding upon, tasting, [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] ([from] [Causal]) causing to eat, feeding ([especially] the first feeding of a child; cf. anna-pr), [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya]

3) [v.s. ...] food, victuals (cf. amṛta-pr), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Harivaṃśa]

4) Prāsana (प्रासन):—[from prāsa > prās] n. throwing forth or away or down, throwing, casting, [???; Jaimini]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāśana (प्राशन):—[prā+śana] (naṃ) 1. n. Feeding; tasting.

[Sanskrit to German]

Prashana in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prashana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Prāśana (प्राशन) [Also spelled prashan]:—(nm) feeding; the first feeding of a child.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Prāśana (ಪ್ರಾಶನ):—

1) [noun] a taking of a food in small quantity and tasting it.

2) [noun] to cause to eat; to feed.

3) [noun] any food.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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