Prapata, Prapāta: 14 definitions


Prapata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Prapāta (प्रपात) refers to the “table lands” on the top of mountains (giri) according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains [viz., Prapāta], jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Prapāta (प्रपात) refers to the “abyss”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] At that time, sixty koṭis of Bodhisattvas, having stood up from the congregation, joined their palms, paid homage to the Lord, and then uttered these verses in one voice: ‘[...] (205) Being attached to objects, being established in various views, after having heard the teaching of emptiness, they will [regard it] as the abyss (prapāta). (206) Not concerned with the next world, giving up the fruition of actions, and telling lies, they will regard the non-dharma as the dharma. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prapāta (प्रपात).—1 Going forth or away, departure.

2) Falling down or into, a fall; मनोरथानामतटप्रप्रातः (manorathānāmataṭapraprātaḥ) Ś.6.1; Kumārasambhava 6.57.

3) A sudden attack.

4) A cascade, waterfall, the place over which water falls down; गङ्गा- प्रपातान्तनिरूढशष्पं गौरीगुरोर्गह्वरमाविवेश (gaṅgā- prapātāntanirūḍhaśaṣpaṃ gaurīgurorgahvaramāviveśa) R.2.26.

5) A bank, shore.

6) A precipice, steep rock; प्राप्ताः प्रपातनिकटं सङ्कटेन महीयसा (prāptāḥ prapātanikaṭaṃ saṅkaṭena mahīyasā) Parṇāl.3.3.

7) Falling out or loss, as in केशप्रपात (keśaprapāta).

8) Emission, discharge, efflux, as in वीर्यप्रपात (vīryaprapāta).

9) Throwing oneself down from a rock.

1) A particular mode of flight.

Derivable forms: prapātaḥ (प्रपातः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Prapata (प्रपत).—(m.? compare Sanskrit prapāta), fall: ulkinaḥ (see ulkin) prapate (on the fall of…) yuddhād (sc. apakramet, see prec. line) (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 198.25 (verse); compare ulkāpāta 200.13. See also aprapata.

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Prapāta (प्रपात).—m., fig. fall from grace, or perhaps pitfall or (fig.) precipice, danger-spot (for bodhisattvas): catvāra ime…°tāḥ Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 17.3 ff., listed, (1) agauravatā, (2) akṛta- jñatāśāṭhyasevanatā, etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prapāta (प्रपात).—m.

(-taḥ) 1. A cliff, a precipice. 2. A cascade or water fall. 3. A bank, a shore. 4. Facing an enemy. 5. Going away, departure. 6. Falling down, a fall. 7. A sudden attack. 8. Throwing oneself down from a rock. 9. Emission, discharge. E. pra before, pat to descend, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prapāta (प्रपात).—[pra-pāta], m. 1. A precipice, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 137. 2. A bank, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 26. 3. A cascade. 4. Flying forward, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 57. 5. Hastening away, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 43, 264. 6. Throwing one’s self, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 238.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prapāta (प्रपात).—[masculine] a mode of flying; rushing forth, starting off; fall, falling out, falling from ([ablative] or —°), on or into ([locative] or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prapāta (प्रपात):—[=pra-pāta] [from pra-pat] a m. a [particular] mode of flying, [Pañcatantra]

2) [v.s. ...] springing forth, [Varāha-mihira]

3) [v.s. ...] an attack, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] starting off, setting out, departure, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

5) [v.s. ...] falling down, falling from ([ablative] or [compound]) or into ([locative case] or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] falling out (of teeth, hair etc.), [Suśruta]

7) [v.s. ...] discharge, emission, flow (of semen), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] letting fall (a glance on anything), [Kumāra-sambhava]

9) [v.s. ...] a steep rock, cliff, precipice, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

10) [v.s. ...] a steep bank or shore, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] a cascade, waterfall, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [=pra-pāta] b etc. See pra-√pat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prapāta (प्रपात):—[pra-pāta] (taḥ) 1. m. A cliff; a cascade; a bank; facing an enemy.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Prapāta (प्रपात) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Pavāḍa, Pavāya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Prapata in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prapata in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Prapāta (प्रपात) [Also spelled prapat]:—(nm) a fall, waterfall, cataract.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Prapāta (ಪ್ರಪಾತ):—

1) [noun] a deep fissure in the earth; a bottomless gulf; a chasm; an abyss.

2) [noun] a steep waterfall.

3) [noun] the act or an instance of attacking (by an enemy, esp. with a military force).

4) [noun] the raised land along a river; bank.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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