Prapanna: 15 definitions


Prapanna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Prapann.

In Hinduism

Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Siva Gita A Critical Study

Prapanna (प्रपन्न) or Prapannagītā refers to one of the sixty-four Gītās commonly referred to in Hindu scriptures.—Gītā is the name given to certain sacred writings in verse (often in the form of a dialogue) which are devoted to the exposition of particular religious and theosophical doctrines. Most of these Gītās [i.e., Prapanna-gītā] originate from the Mahābhārata or the various Purāṇas.

Vedanta book cover
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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Prapanna in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Prapanna (प्रपन्न) refers to “seeking” (refuge), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.6.—Accordingly, as the Gods eulogised Goddess Śivā who was residing in the womb of Menā:—“O Goddess, be victorious, O intelligent one, O mother of the universe, O great Goddess, O you of true rites, prone to truth, true in three things, O truth-formed. O you stationed in truth, we have sought refuge [i.e., prapannaprapannāḥ śaraṇaṃ] in you. O you delighted with truth, Origin of truth, Truth of Truth, of truthful sight. O beloved of Śiva, great goddess, O destroyer of the miseries of gods, you are the mother of the three worlds, consort of Śiva, pervasive and favourably disposed to your devotees. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Prapanna (प्रपन्न) refers to “one who is ready” (to practice a sacrifice), according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly: “[...]  (So now) after that (has taken place), O venerable Kujā, I am ready (prapanna) to practice the sacrifice of the sequence of the Wheel of Bliss. You were present next (to me) on the plane of the practice of the Rule (as the virgin) Kumārī who is the first form (of emanation). (Now unite with me). [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

1) Prapanna (प्रपन्न) refers to “devotees (of the Lord)”, as discussed in the eighth chapter of the Paramapuruṣasaṃhitā: a Pāñcarātra text in ten chapters composed of 940 verses dealing with the personnel of a temple, their prerequisites and duties, their different ranks, the privileges and responsibilities of each etc.—Description of the chapter [bhaktabhāva-vilakṣaṇa]: The Ṛṣis ask to know more about prapanna-devotees (1-3). Nārada in his response emphasizes the thoughts and intentions of devotees (rather than mere superficial acts), pointing out that such persons are rewarded according to their hearts’ devotion (1-7). [...] Whatever is done in this world should be done as a loving duty [kaiṅkarya] to the Lord; moreover one should avoid doing things simply for personal gain (51b-58a). A prapanna should strive to visit each and every holy place-such activities please God and help the devotee to win His grace (58b-71a). These things, Nārada reminds his listeners, are exactly what Brahmā heard from Nārāyaṇa (71b-72).

2) Prapanna (प्रपन्न) refers to “devotees”, as discussed in chapters 1-2 (ff.) of the Parāśarasaṃhitā: a Pañcarātra work of some 2000 verses dealing withe the composition and applications of Mantras, the characteristics of devotees (prapanna) and initiation.—Accordingly, Parāśara commences his answer by repeating what Viṣṇu told him regarding the prapanna-way of life. Among other things he reports that it is essential for a true prapanna-devotee to have undergone pañcasaṃskāra-rites (9ft); also that he orient his daily observances about the five daily pañcakāla-divisions (16 ff.). [...] [Chapter 2]: The sage asks Parāśara to tell more about the ways in which prapannas should behave. Quoting Bhagavān, he says the path of behavior [vṛtti, ācāra] is easy, but certain rules laid down in the Vaiṣṇava scriptures [vaiṣṇavaśruti] must be practiced. [...]

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Prapanna (प्रपन्न) refers to “(having) attained” (solitariness), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “When I, for whom confusion has gone, am the one who has attained (prapanna) solitariness, then certainly the bondage of life is destroyed merely of its own accord”.

Synonyms: Prāpta.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prapanna (प्रपन्न).—p. p.

1) Arriving at, reaching or going to.

2) Resorting to, betaking oneself to; इयं प्रपन्ना तपसे तपोवनम् (iyaṃ prapannā tapase tapovanam) Kumārasambhava 5.59;3.5.

3) Taking refuge with, seeking protection with, suppliant or submissive to; शिष्यस्तेऽहं शाधि मां त्वां प्रपन्नम् (śiṣyaste'haṃ śādhi māṃ tvāṃ prapannam) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 2.7; पुनर्भवक्लेशभयात् प्रपन्नः (punarbhavakleśabhayāt prapannaḥ) Ku; प्रपन्नार्तिहरे (prapannārtihare) ! देवी (devī) ! Chaṇḍīpāṭha.

4) Adhering to.

5) Furnished or endowed with, possessed of; प्रत्यक्षाभिः प्रपन्नस्तनुभिः (pratyakṣābhiḥ prapannastanubhiḥ) Ś.1.1.

6) Promised.

7) Got, obtained.

8) Poor, distressed.

9) Effecting, producing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prapanna (प्रपन्न).—mfn.

(-nnaḥ-nnā-nnaṃ) 1. Taking refuge with. 2. Reaching, arriving at. 3. Seeking, adhering to. 4. Effecting, producing. 5. Promised, assented to. 6. Attained, obtained, possessed of. 7. Poor. 8. Distressed. E. pra before, pad to go, kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prapanna (प्रपन्न).—[adjective] approached, arrived, come ([especially] as a suppliant); happened, appeared; having resorted to, h. entered, incurred, got, obtained ([accusative]); acknowledged, agreed to; furnished with ([instrumental]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prapanna (प्रपन्न):—[=pra-panna] [from pra-pad] a mfn. arrived at, come to (śaraṇam, for protection), got into (any condition), [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (with pādau) fallen at a person’s feet, [Rāmāyaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] suppliant (cf. [compound])

4) [v.s. ...] approached, appeared, happened, occurred, [Rāmāyaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] acknowledged (as a claim), [Yājñavalkya]

6) [v.s. ...] provided with ([instrumental case]), [Śakuntalā 1, 1]

7) [v.s. ...] effecting, producing, [Horace H. Wilson]

8) [v.s. ...] poor, distressed, [ib.]

9) [=pra-panna] b etc. See [column]1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prapanna (प्रपन्न):—[pra-panna] (nnaḥ-nnā-nnaṃ) p. Reaching to; taking refuge in; seeking; gaining; effecting; promised; poor.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Prapanna (प्रपन्न) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Pavajjiya, Pavanna.

[Sanskrit to German]

Prapanna in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prapanna in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Prapanna (प्रपन्न) [Also spelled prapann]:—(a and nm) admitted under protection, granted patronage; given shelter, seeking protection/shelter.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Prapanna (ಪ್ರಪನ್ನ):—[noun] a man who has piously sought refuge in the Supreme Being.

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Prāpanna (ಪ್ರಾಪನ್ನ):—[noun] a man who has taken refuge; a refugee.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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