Pranc, Prāñc: 9 definitions


Pranc means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Pramch.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Prāñc (प्राञ्च्) refers to “eastern”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Kapāla Ketu is visible on new-moon days; its tail is of the colour of smoke; its course lies through the eastern half of the visible hemisphere [i.e., prāñc-nabhas]; when it appears mankind will suffer from hunger, death, drought and disease. Raudra Ketu is a comet resembling the dagger’s end and is of a dull red colour; it appears in the south-east and travels through a third of the sky and produces the same effects as the Kapāla Ketu”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Prāñc (प्राञ्च्) refers to “past (karma)”, according to the Svacchandatantra verse 4.141-145.—Accordingly, “Next, he should then bring about destruction of the past [i.e., prāñc-karman] and future karma for the liberation-seeker, because of his indifference [to the world]. He should not purify the one [part of karma] that is the prārabdha [karma], [which fuels his present existence]. But for the Sādhaka, he should purify [only] one [part of the] past karma for the purpose of power, and having manifested the past and future karma together, he should initiate [the candidate]. This is the śivadharmiṇī-dīkṣā. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Prāñc (प्राञ्च्) refers to “first” (e.g., ‘that which is to be ascertained first’), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Or, the Supreme Soul is not perceived through its own nature which is unknown. The individual self is to be ascertained first (prāñc-viniśceya) in order to discern the Supreme Soul. Further, there may not be an abiding in the self for one who is ignorant of the real state of the self. Hence he fails to distinguish between the nature of the body and the self”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prāñc (प्राञ्च्).—a. (- f.)

1) Turned towards the front, in front, foremost.

3) Eastern, easterly.

3) Prior, previous, former. -m. (pl.) The people of the east.

2) Eastern grammarians.

See also (synonyms): prāc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāñc (प्राञ्च्).—i. e. pra-añc, I. adj., f. ācī. 1. Former, [Pañcatantra] 49, 1; prior. 2. Before, in front. 3. Eastern, east. Ii. prāk (acc. sing. n.), adv. 1. First. 2. Before, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 45; 338; formerly, [Pañcatantra] 217, 3. 3. In front, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 56, 11 (so that she cannot see); [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 80, M.M. 4. Past. 5. Eastern. 6. At dawn. Iii. f. ācī, The east, [Draupadīpramātha] 3, 7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāñc (प्राञ्च्).—[feminine] prācī turned forwards, being in front, facing; turned eastwards, easterly; previous, former; [masculine] [plural] the eastern (people or grammarians). Acc. [with] kṛ bring, offer, promote, further; [with] kalpay turn one’s front towards. [neuter] prāk (prāṅ) in front, before ([with] [ablative] of [plural] & t.); eastward, in the east of ([ablative]); formerly, previously, first, at first, from now. Instr. prācā forwards; [ablative] prācas from the front. [feminine] prācī (±diś) the east.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prāñc (प्राञ्च्):—mfn. ([from] pra + 2. añc; [nominative case] prāṅ, prācī, prāk; cf. [Pāṇini 6-1, 182]) directed forwards or towards, being in front, facing, opposite, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Atharva-veda; Manu-smṛti] ([accusative] with √kṛ, to bring, procure, offer, [Ṛg-veda]; to stretch forth [the fingers] [ib.]; to make straight, prepare or clear [a path] [ib.; also with pra- √tir, or -√ni] to advance, promote, further, [ib.]; with [Causal] of √kḷp, to face, turn opposite to, [Manu-smṛti vii, 189])

2) turned eastward, eastern, easterly (opp. to apāc, western), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) being to the east of ([ablative]), [Manu-smṛti ii, 21]

4) running from west to east, taken lengthwise, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

5) (with viśvataḥ) turned to all directions, [Ṛg-veda]

6) inclined, willing, [ib.]

7) lasting, long (as life), [Atharva-veda]

8) ([especially] [in the beginning of a compound]; cf. below) previous, prior, former

9) m. [plural] (prāñcas) the people of the east, eastern people or grammarians, [Pāṇini i, 1, 75 etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Pranc in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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