Pranaya, Praṇaya: 8 definitions


Pranaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Praṇaya.—(IE 8-5; HRS), known from the Arthaśāstra, the Junagadh inscription of Rudradāman, etc.; emergency tax or benevolence; also called praṇaya-kriyā (IE 8-5); cf. a-hiraṇya- dhānya-praṇaya-pradeya, an epithet of rent-free land. Note: praṇaya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

praṇaya (प्रणय).—m S Love, affection, fondness.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

praṇaya (प्रणय).—m Love, affection.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Praṇaya (प्रणय).—1 Espousing, seizing (as in marriage); आबद्धकङ्कणकरप्रणयप्रसादमासाद्य (ābaddhakaṅkaṇakarapraṇayaprasādamāsādya) Māl.6.14.

2) (a) Love, affection, fondness, attachment, liking, regard; साधारणोऽय- मुभयोः प्रणयः स्मरस्यं (sādhāraṇo'ya- mubhayoḥ praṇayaḥ smarasyaṃ) V.2.16; साधारणोऽयं प्रणयः (sādhāraṇo'yaṃ praṇayaḥ) Ś.3; (where in both cases sense 6 may do as well); Ś.6.8;5.23; Ms.17; R.6.12; Bh.2.42. (b) A wish, desire; longing; हरेरतुलविक्रमप्रणयलालसः साहसे (hareratulavikramapraṇayalālasaḥ sāhase) Māl.8.7; Ś.7.16.

3) Friendly acquaintance or regard, friendship, intimacy; अजानता महिमानं तवेदं मया प्रमादात् प्रणयेन वापि (ajānatā mahimānaṃ tavedaṃ mayā pramādāt praṇayena vāpi) Bg.11.41; स्नेहस्य तत् फलमसौ प्रणयस्य सारः (snehasya tat phalamasau praṇayasya sāraḥ) Māl.1.9.

4) Familiarity, confidence, trust; मया गृहीते सलिलेऽनेन कृतःप्रणयः (mayā gṛhīte salile'nena kṛtaḥpraṇayaḥ) Ś.5.

5) Favour, kindness, act of courtesy; अलंकृतोऽस्मि स्वयंग्राह प्रणयेन भवता (alaṃkṛto'smi svayaṃgrāha praṇayena bhavatā) Mk.1;1.45.

6) An entreaty, request, solicitation; तद् भूतनाथानुग नार्हसि त्वं संबन्धिनो मे प्रणयं विहन्तुम् (tad bhūtanāthānuga nārhasi tvaṃ saṃbandhino me praṇayaṃ vihantum) R.2.58; V.4.13.

7) Reverence, obeisance.

8) Final beatitude.

9) A leader.

1) Conduct, guidance. (praṇayena confidentially, candidly; without reserve or ceremony; praṇayāt openly, frankly).

Derivable forms: praṇayaḥ (प्रणयः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praṇaya (प्रणय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Affection, friendly or fond regard. 2. Acquaintance. 3. Asking, begging. 4. Affectionate solicitation. 5. Final emancipation or beatitude. 6. Trust, confidence. 7. Reverence, obeisance, 8. Favour, kindness. E. pra before, to get, aff. ac .

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Praṇāya (प्रणाय) or Praṇāyya.—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) 1. Devoid of passion or desire. 2. Disobedient, disagreeing. 3. Upright, straight, in rectitude. 4. Beloved. E. pra away, ṇī to go, aff. ṇyat .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praṇaya (प्रणय).—i. e. pra-nī + a, m. 1. Guidance, Mahābhārata 12, 3934. 2. Affection, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 364; friendly or fond regard, love, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 34. 3. Confidence, familiarity, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 11, 41. 4. Desire, Mahābhārata 13, 224.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praṇaya (प्रणय).—[masculine] leader, guide; leading, conduct; manifestation, betrayal, [especially] of one’s feelings, confidence, familiarity, love, desire.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Praṇaya (प्रणय):—[=pra-ṇaya] a yana etc. See pra-ṇī.

2) [=pra-ṇaya] [from pra-ṇī] b m. a leader, [Pāṇini 3-1, 142] (jyotiṣām, [Nirukta, by Yāska ii, 14])

3) [v.s. ...] guidance, conduct, [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] manifestation, display, [Mṛcchakaṭikā]

5) [v.s. ...] setting forth (an argument), [Jātakamālā]

6) [v.s. ...] affection, confidence in ([locative case]), love, attachment, friendship, favour ([in the beginning of a compound]; yāt ind., yena ind. and yopetam ind. confidentially, affectionately, openly, frankly), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] desire, longing for ([locative case]; anyathā, ‘for something else’), [ib.]

8) [v.s. ...] an entreaty, request, solicitation, [Rāmāyaṇa; Vikramorvaśī]

9) [v.s. ...] reverence, obeisance, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] final beatitude, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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