Pranaya, Praṇaya: 16 definitions


Pranaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Pranay.

In Hinduism

Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Siva Gita A Critical Study

Praṇaya (प्रणय) or Praṇayagītā refers to one of the sixty-four Gītās commonly referred to in Hindu scriptures.—Gītā is the name given to certain sacred writings in verse (often in the form of a dialogue) which are devoted to the exposition of particular religious and theosophical doctrines. Most of these Gītās [i.e., Praṇaya-gītā] originate from the Mahābhārata or the various Purāṇas.

Vedanta book cover
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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Praṇaya (प्रणय) refers to “love”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Certainly, O friend, these twelve reflections are the female friends of those whose good fortune is liberation [and] they are practised to procure their friendship by wise men who are absorbed in connection [with them]. When these [reflections] are correctly done constantly for the pleasure of the lords of Yogīs (i.e. the Jinas), a joyful woman in the form of liberation with a heart kindly disposed to love (praṇaya-prasanna-hṛd), is produced”.

Synonyms: Sneha.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Praṇaya.—(IE 8-5; HRS), known from the Arthaśāstra, the Junagadh inscription of Rudradāman, etc.; emergency tax or benevolence; also called praṇaya-kriyā (IE 8-5); cf. a-hiraṇya- dhānya-praṇaya-pradeya, an epithet of rent-free land. Note: praṇaya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

praṇaya (प्रणय).—m S Love, affection, fondness.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

praṇaya (प्रणय).—m Love, affection.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Praṇaya (प्रणय).—1 Espousing, seizing (as in marriage); आबद्धकङ्कणकरप्रणयप्रसादमासाद्य (ābaddhakaṅkaṇakarapraṇayaprasādamāsādya) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 6.14.

2) (a) Love, affection, fondness, attachment, liking, regard; साधारणोऽय- मुभयोः प्रणयः स्मरस्यं (sādhāraṇo'ya- mubhayoḥ praṇayaḥ smarasyaṃ) V.2.16; साधारणोऽयं प्रणयः (sādhāraṇo'yaṃ praṇayaḥ) Ś.3; (where in both cases sense 6 may do as well); Ś.6.8;5.23; Manusmṛti 17; R.6.12; Bhartṛhari 2.42. (b) A wish, desire; longing; हरेरतुलविक्रमप्रणयलालसः साहसे (hareratulavikramapraṇayalālasaḥ sāhase) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 8.7; Ś.7.16.

3) Friendly acquaintance or regard, friendship, intimacy; अजानता महिमानं तवेदं मया प्रमादात् प्रणयेन वापि (ajānatā mahimānaṃ tavedaṃ mayā pramādāt praṇayena vāpi) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 11.41; स्नेहस्य तत् फलमसौ प्रणयस्य सारः (snehasya tat phalamasau praṇayasya sāraḥ) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.9.

4) Familiarity, confidence, trust; मया गृहीते सलिलेऽनेन कृतःप्रणयः (mayā gṛhīte salile'nena kṛtaḥpraṇayaḥ) Ś.5.

5) Favour, kindness, act of courtesy; अलंकृतोऽस्मि स्वयंग्राह प्रणयेन भवता (alaṃkṛto'smi svayaṃgrāha praṇayena bhavatā) Mṛcchakaṭika 1;1.45.

6) An entreaty, request, solicitation; तद् भूतनाथानुग नार्हसि त्वं संबन्धिनो मे प्रणयं विहन्तुम् (tad bhūtanāthānuga nārhasi tvaṃ saṃbandhino me praṇayaṃ vihantum) R.2.58; V.4.13.

7) Reverence, obeisance.

8) Final beatitude.

9) A leader.

1) Conduct, guidance. (praṇayena confidentially, candidly; without reserve or ceremony; praṇayāt openly, frankly).

Derivable forms: praṇayaḥ (प्रणयः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praṇaya (प्रणय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Affection, friendly or fond regard. 2. Acquaintance. 3. Asking, begging. 4. Affectionate solicitation. 5. Final emancipation or beatitude. 6. Trust, confidence. 7. Reverence, obeisance, 8. Favour, kindness. E. pra before, to get, aff. ac .

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Praṇāya (प्रणाय) or Praṇāyya.—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) 1. Devoid of passion or desire. 2. Disobedient, disagreeing. 3. Upright, straight, in rectitude. 4. Beloved. E. pra away, ṇī to go, aff. ṇyat .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praṇaya (प्रणय).—i. e. pra-nī + a, m. 1. Guidance, Mahābhārata 12, 3934. 2. Affection, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 364; friendly or fond regard, love, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 34. 3. Confidence, familiarity, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 11, 41. 4. Desire, Mahābhārata 13, 224.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praṇaya (प्रणय).—[masculine] leader, guide; leading, conduct; manifestation, betrayal, [especially] of one’s feelings, confidence, familiarity, love, desire.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Praṇaya (प्रणय):—[=pra-ṇaya] a yana etc. See pra-ṇī.

2) [=pra-ṇaya] [from pra-ṇī] b m. a leader, [Pāṇini 3-1, 142] (jyotiṣām, [Nirukta, by Yāska ii, 14])

3) [v.s. ...] guidance, conduct, [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] manifestation, display, [Mṛcchakaṭikā]

5) [v.s. ...] setting forth (an argument), [Jātakamālā]

6) [v.s. ...] affection, confidence in ([locative case]), love, attachment, friendship, favour ([in the beginning of a compound]; yāt ind., yena ind. and yopetam ind. confidentially, affectionately, openly, frankly), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] desire, longing for ([locative case]; anyathā, ‘for something else’), [ib.]

8) [v.s. ...] an entreaty, request, solicitation, [Rāmāyaṇa; Vikramorvaśī]

9) [v.s. ...] reverence, obeisance, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] final beatitude, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Praṇaya (प्रणय):—[pra-ṇaya] (yaḥ) 1. m. Affection; acquaintance; asking; obeisance, reverence; trust; emancipation.

2) Praṇāya (प्रणाय):—[pra-ṇāya] (yyaḥ-yyā-yyaṃ) a. Devoid of desire; opposed to; upright; beloved.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Praṇaya (प्रणय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paṇaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pranaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pranaya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Praṇaya (प्रणय) [Also spelled pranay]:—(nm) love; affection, attachment; -[kalaha] amatorial disputation, dispute between lovers.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Praṇaya (ಪ್ರಣಯ):—

1) [noun] love and sexual desire between a man and woman; a love affair.

2) [noun] the state, fact or an instance of obeying or a willingness to obey; submissiveness; obedience.

3) [noun] sorrow for the sufferings or trouble of another or others, accompanied by an urge to help; deep sympathy; pity; compassion.

4) [noun] an asking, requesting earnestly for; an earnest request; supplication; entreaty.

5) [noun] a very glad feeling; happiness; great pleasure; joy; delight.

6) [noun] attachment between friends; friendship.

7) [noun] motherly love and affection.

8) [noun] the fact, quality or state of being devoted to elders, respectable and saintly persons.

9) [noun] absence of mental agitation, fear, apprehension, jealosy, etc.

10) [noun] advice or counseling, provided for the good of others.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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