Pranata, Prāṇata: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Pranata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Praṇata (प्रणत) or Praṇatānanā refers to “bending one’s head” (as a mark of respect), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.25. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] On seeing her distressed, Śiva enquired of her health and asked—‘O, have you finished your test’? On hearing Śiva’s words she bent her head (praṇata-ananā) as a mark of respect but did not say anything. Agitated with grief she stood aghast”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Prāṇata (प्राणत) refers to a heavenly abode (kalpa) inhabited by Kalpopapanna gods, according to Jain cosmological texts in both the Śvetāmbara and Digambara tradition. The Kalpopapannas (‘those born in the heavens’) represent a sub-species of the Vaimānika gods, which in turn represents the fourth main classification of devas (gods). This kalpa is also known as Prāṇatakalpa. In this specific kalpa, instead of bodily coition, a more and more refined sort of sexual satisfaction takes its place. The associated leśyā is white. There are ten such kalpas being ruled over by sixty-four Indras (heavenly kings).

In Jain iconography, the associated animal symbol of the Prāṇata-kalpa is a rhinoceros (prakrit: khaggī, sanskrit: khaḍga, khaḍgin or khaṅga). These animals are depicted in a cosmological text of the Śvetāmbara tradition known as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna (“jewel of the compilation”), also known as the Trailokyadīpikā (“illumination of the triple world”), written by Śrīcandra in the 12th century.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)

Prāṇata (प्राणत) refers to one of the sixteen heavens (kalpa) hosting the sixteen classes of empyrean celestial beings (vaimānika), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.19. The living beings residing in the vimānas are called the empyrean gods (vaimānika) and represents one of the four classes of Devas.

What is the number of layers in Ānata and Prāṇata heaven pairs? There are three layers there. Which thought-colourations are there in Ānata-Prāṇata and Āraṇa-Acyuta gods? They have white thought colouration. What is the maximum lifespan of deities in Ānata-Prāṇata kalpas? It is slightly more then twenty ocean-measured-periods (sāgara) for both.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

praṇata (प्रणत).—p S Bending, stooping, inclined; but used esp. in the figurative sense of Humble, obedient, tractable.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

praṇata (प्रणत).—p Bending, inclined. Humble, obedient.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Praṇata (प्रणत).—p. p.

1) Bending, inclined, stooping.

2) Bowing to, saluting; भृत्यार्तिहं प्रणतपालभवाब्धिपोतम् (bhṛtyārtihaṃ praṇatapālabhavābdhipotam) Bhāg.

3) Humble.

4) Skilful, clever.

5) Crooked.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Praṇata (प्रणत).—ppp. (to Sanskrit pra-namati, in meaning depart, [Page359-b+ 71] implied by Pali caus. paṇāmeti, sends away, dismisses; compare AMg. paṇaya, according to [Paia-sadda-mahaṇṇavo] = prāpta), departed, set out towards: yena himavāṃ parvatarājā tena praṇatā Mahāvastu ii.101.16; yena himavantaparvatarājā tena praṇato 103.17; (yena rājakulaṃ) tena praṇato iii.39.1; yena veṇuvanaṃ tena praṇatā 63.11. In Mahāvyutpatti 426 praṇata-pratyekasatya (see the latter), epithet of a Tathāgata, must mean from whom individual (heretical) doctrines are departed, if the reading is right; it corresponds to Pali panunna-(or panuṇṇa-)- paccekasacca, Dīghanikāya (Pali) iii.270.5 etc.; should we boldly em. to praṇunna-? Tibetan bstsal ba, or btsal ba, possibly (= bsal ba, to sel ba, see Jäschke (Tibetan-English Dictionary) s.v. stsol ba, 3) = removed (of impurities).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praṇata (प्रणत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Bending, bowed, humble, stooping, inclined. 2. Skilful, clever. E. pra before, nam to bow, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praṇata (प्रणत).—[adjective] bent, stooped; bowing to ([genetive] or [accusative]); subject, humble.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Praṇata (प्रणत) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a Pariśiṣṭa of the Sv. Oxf. 378^a. Peters. 2, 181.

2) Praṇata (प्रणत):—a Pariśiṣṭa of the Sv. Stein 17.

3) Praṇata (प्रणत):—a Pariśiṣṭa of the Sv. Ulwar 275.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Praṇata (प्रणत):—[=pra-ṇata] [from pra-ṇam] mfn. bent forwards, bowed, inclined, [Śāṅkhāyana-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] bowed to, saluted reverentially, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] bent towards, offered respectfully, [Mālavikāgnimitra] (cf. below)

4) [v.s. ...] humble, submissive to ([genitive case] or [accusative]), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] skilful, clever, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] a [particular] kind of accentuation, [Sāyaṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] of a Pariśiṣṭa of [Sāma-veda]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Praṇata (प्रणत):—(von nam mit pra) Titel eines Pariśiṣṭa des [Sāmaveda] [Oxforder Handschriften 378,a,7.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Praṇata (प्रणत):——

1) Adj. s.u. nam mit pra

2) Titel eines Pariśiṣṭa zum Sv.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pranata in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Praṇata (प्रणत) [Also spelled pranat]:—(a) bowed (down), bent, obeisant, humble, modest; ~[pāla] a protector of shelter-seekers.

context information

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