Pranama, Praṇāma: 15 definitions


Pranama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Praṇāma (प्रणाम) refers to “offering respectful obeisance”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Praṇāma (प्रणाम) refers to:—An obeisance. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

praṇāma (प्रणाम).—m (S) Reverential salutation, obeisance.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

praṇāma (प्रणाम).—m Reverential salutation, obeisance.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Praṇāma (प्रणाम).—

1) Bending, bowing, stooping.

2) A reverential salutation, obeisance, prostration, bow (used with dat.); as in साष्टाङ्गप्रणाम (sāṣṭāṅgapraṇāma); Kumārasambhava 6.91; मूर्ध्ना प्रणामं वृषभध्वजाय चकार (mūrdhnā praṇāmaṃ vṛṣabhadhvajāya cakāra) 3.62; अस्मै प्रणाममकरवम् (asmai praṇāmamakaravam) K.142.

Derivable forms: praṇāmaḥ (प्रणामः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praṇāma (प्रणाम).—m.

(-maḥ) Respectful or reverential salutation, addressed especially to a Brahman or deity. E. pra before, ṇam to bow, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praṇāma (प्रणाम).—i. e. pra-nam + a, m. 1. Bowing, a bow, Mahābhārata 1, 5384. 2. Prostration, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 194, 8. 3. Respectful salutation, [Pañcatantra] 91, 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praṇāma (प्रणाम).—[masculine] bow, reverent salutation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praṇāma (प्रणाम):—[=pra-ṇāma] [from pra-ṇam] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) bending, bowing, a bow, respectful salutation, prostration, obeisance ([especially] to a Brāhman or to a deity), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praṇāma (प्रणाम):—[pra-ṇāma] (maḥ) 1. m. Respectful or reverential salutation.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pranama (प्रनम) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paṇāma.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pranama in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pranama in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Praṇāma (प्रणाम) [Also spelled pranam]:—(nm) reverential salutation; bowing with respect; a term used in greeting elders; abandoning, giving up, bidding good-bye to (as [aisī prathā ko praṇāma); ~mī] one who bows reverentially; saluting respectfully; ~[ma karanā, dūra se] to say good-bye to; to maintain a safe distance.

2) Praṇāma (प्रणाम) [Also spelled pranam]:—(nm) evidence, proof; testimony; authority; (in logical jargon) a means of acquiring prama: (which are six according to the vedant, viz. [pratyakṣa] (perception by the senses), [śranumāna] (inference), [upamāna] (analogy or comparison), [śabda] or [āpta vacana] (verbal authority), [anupalabdhi] or [abhāva-pratyakṣa] (non-perception or negative proof), [arthāpatti] (inference from circumstances); ~[kuśala] skilful in arguing, skilled in argumentation; ~[tva] correctness, authority; -[patra] a certificate; ~[puruṣa] an arbitrator; mediator; an umpire; ~[bhūta] authoritative; —[vacana/vākya] authoritative statement; authoritative version; ~[śāstra] logic; ~[śāstrī] a logician; ~[śāstrīya] logical.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Praṇama (ಪ್ರಣಮ):—[noun] = ಪ್ರಣವ [pranava].

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Praṇāma (ಪ್ರಣಾಮ):—

1) [noun] a bowing, bending or stooping.

2) [noun] the act of bowing one’s head or body in respect, worship, before another or a deity.

3) [noun] a prostrating before another person or a deity.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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