Pramathin, Pramāthin: 11 definitions


Pramathin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pramathin in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Pramāthin (प्रमाथिन्) refers to one of the eight Heroes (vīra-aṣṭaka) associated with Pūrṇagiri or Pūrṇapīṭha (which is located in the northern quarter), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The eight heroes (vīrāṣṭaka): Chadmaka, Pramāthin, Prakṛṣṭa, Pramodin, Śaṅkukarṇa, Gokarṇa, Saṃvatsara, Mahotsava.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Pramathin in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Pramāthin (प्रमाथिन्) refers to the thirteenth of the sixty-year cycle of Jupiter, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The five years of the third yuga sacred to Indra are known as—1. Īśvara, 2. Bahudhānya, 3. Pramāthin, 4. Vikrama and 5. Vṛṣa. In the first two years mankind will enjoy the happiness of Kṛtayuga. In the year Pramāthin they will feel miserable but in the years Vikrama and Vṛṣa they will again be happy”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pramathin in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pramathin (प्रमथिन्).—a. Destroying; तल्लक्ष्मीमिव चेतनाप्रमथनीमूढ्वा च वध्यस्रजम् (tallakṣmīmiva cetanāpramathanīmūḍhvā ca vadhyasrajam) Mu.2.21.

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Pramāthin (प्रमाथिन्).—a.

1) Tormenting, harassing, torturing, afflicting, harrowing; क्व रुजा हृदयप्रमाथिनी क्व च ते विश्वस- नीयमायुधम् (kva rujā hṛdayapramāthinī kva ca te viśvasa- nīyamāyudham) M.3.2; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 2.1; Kirātārjunīya 3.14.

2) Killing, destroying.

3) Agitating, setting in motion; इन्द्रियाणि प्रमाथीनि हरन्ति प्रसभं मनः (indriyāṇi pramāthīni haranti prasabhaṃ manaḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 2.6;6.34.

4) Tearing or pulling down, striking down; वर्त्मसु ध्वजतरुप्रमाथिनः (vartmasu dhvajatarupramāthinaḥ) R.11.58.

5) Cutting down; प्रमाथिनस्तान् भवमार्गणानाम् (pramāthinastān bhavamārgaṇānām) (bāṇān) Kirātārjunīya 17.31.

6) (In medic.) Producing secretion of the vessels. -m. Name of a year.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pramāthin (प्रमाथिन्).—name of a nāga: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 454.15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pramāthin (प्रमाथिन्).—mfw. (thī-thinī-thi) 1. Afflicting, inflicting pain or sorrow. 2. Killing, destroying. 3. Breaking, cutting. 4. Striking down. E. pra before, mathi to churn, to grind, to pain, and ghinuṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pramāthin (प्रमाथिन्).—i. e. pra-math + in, adj., f. . 1. Agitating, Mahābhārata 12, 9040. 2. Afflicting, torturing, ib. 3, 16435. 3. Killing, destroying, a destroyer, Chr. 34, 12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pramāthin (प्रमाथिन्).—[adjective] tearing, stirring, harassing; [Name] of a Rakṣasa & a monkey.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pramathin (प्रमथिन्):—[=pra-mathin] [from pra-math] mfn. harassing, annoying, tormenting, [Mudrārākṣasa]

2) Pramāthin (प्रमाथिन्):—[=pra-māthin] [from pra-mātha > pra-math] mfn. stirring about, tearing, rending, troubling, harassing, destroying, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] striking off, used for striking off, [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] (in med.) throwing out id est. producing secretion of the vessels, [Caraka; Bhāvaprakāśa]

5) [v.s. ...] m. Name of the 13th (47th) year of a 60 years' cycle of Jupiter, [Varāha-mihira] (also [wrong reading] for pra-mādin)

6) [v.s. ...] of a Rākṣasa, [Mahābhārata]

7) [v.s. ...] of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra, [ib.]

8) [v.s. ...] of a monkey, [Rāmāyaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pramāthin (प्रमाथिन्):—[(thī-thinī-thi) a.] Afflicting, destroying, breaking.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pramathin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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