Pramathana: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Pramathana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Pramathana in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Pramathana (प्रमथन) is one of the Asuras who came from the underworld (Rasātala) to assist Sūryaprabha in his campaign against Śrutaśarman, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 46. Accordingly: “... After them came the Daityas and Dānavas, true to their agreement, brothers-in-law, fathers-in-law, friends and other connections of Sūryaprabha. Hṛṣṭaroman, and Mahāmāya, and Siṃhadamṣṭra and Prakampana, and Tantukaccha and Durāroha, and Sumāya, and Vajrapañjara, and Dhūmaketu, and Pramathana, and the Dānava Vikaṭākṣa, and many others came from as low down as the seventh underworld”.

In chapter 47, Pramathana is considered a leader of warriors and transcendent warriors (rathātiratha) in Sunītha and Sūryaprabha’s army. Accordingly, as the Asura Maya explained the arrangement of warriors in Sunītha’s army: “... and [Pramathana], are leaders of warriors and transcendent warriors”.

The story of Pramathana was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Pramathana, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Pramathana (प्रमथन) refers to one of the male Vidyā-beings mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Pramathana).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pramathana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pramathana (प्रमथन).—

1) Hurting, injuring, tormenting.

2) Killing, slaughter.

3) Churning, stirring about.

Derivable forms: pramathanam (प्रमथनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pramathana (प्रमथन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Killing, slaughter. 2. Paining, distressing. 3. Agitating, churning. E. pra before, mathi to churn, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pramathana (प्रमथन).—[pra-math + ana], I. adj., f. , Paining, Mahābhārata 1, 2793. Ii. n. 1. Killing. 2. Paining.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pramathana (प्रमथन).—([feminine] ī) & thin tormenting, destroying.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pramathana (प्रमथन):—[=pra-mathana] [from pra-math] mf(ī)n. harassing, tormenting, hurting, injuring, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] destroying, [Subhāṣitāvali]

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a magical formula pronounced over weapons, [Rāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a Dānava, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

5) [v.s. ...] hurting, destroying, killing, [Rāmāyaṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] agitating, churning, [Horace H. Wilson]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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