Prakanda, Prakāṇḍa, Prakamda: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Prakanda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Prakāṇḍa (प्रकाण्ड) refers to the “stem” (of a tree), as mentioned in a list of four synonyms in the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Prakāṇḍa] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Agriculture (Krishi) and Vrikshayurveda (study of Plant life)

Source: Shodhganga: Drumavichitrikarnam—Plant mutagenesis in ancient India

Prakāṇḍa (प्रकाण्ड) refers to the “thick stems” (of plants), according to the Vṛkṣāyurveda by Sūrapāla (1000 CE): an encyclopedic work dealing with the study of trees and the principles of ancient Indian agriculture.—Accordingly, “If thick stems (prakāṇḍa) of Cucumis melo var. utilissiumus and Benincasa hispida plants are smeared with honey and melted butter then tied together with straw rope and then covered with cow dung they become one. Later, if the stem is cut keeping the order of the root and tip, Cucumis melo var. utilissiumus, bears fruits of Benincasa hispida size”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prakāṇḍa (प्रकांड).—a (S) Excellent, excelling, superior, superlative, transcendent. This word is used popularly with the amplitude of the word pracaṇḍa, under which see copious illustration.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

prakāṇḍa (प्रकांड).—a Excellent, superior.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prakāṇḍa (प्रकाण्ड).—

1) The trunk of a tree from the root to the branches; कदलीप्रकाण्डरुचिरोरुतरुः (kadalīprakāṇḍarucirorutaruḥ) Śiśupālavadha 9.45.

2) A branch, shoot.

3) (At the end of comp.) anything excellent or pre-eminent of its kind; ऊरुप्रकाण्डद्वितयेन तस्याः (ūruprakāṇḍadvitayena tasyāḥ) N.7.93; क्षत्रप्रकाण्डः (kṣatraprakāṇḍaḥ) Mv.4.35;5.48.

4) A kind of necklace; Kau. A.2.11.29.

-ṇḍaḥ The upper part of the arm.

Derivable forms: prakāṇḍaḥ (प्रकाण्डः), prakāṇḍam (प्रकाण्डम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prakāṇḍa (प्रकाण्ड).—mn.

(-ṇḍaḥ-ṇḍaṃ) 1. The stem of a tree, the part between the root and the branches. 2. A branch, a shoot. 3. Excellence, happiness, (or used as an attributive without admitting variation of gender,) excellent, best, happy. E. pra implying excess or superiority, kam to desire, aff. ḍa, and the penultimate vowel made long by special rule.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prakāṇḍa (प्रकाण्ड).—[pra-kāṇḍa], m. and n. 1. The stem of a tree. 2. As latter part of comp. word, Excellent, e. g. mantriprakāṇḍa, i. e. mantrin-, m. An excellent minister, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 6, 260; cf. [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 145, 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prakāṇḍa (प्रकाण्ड).—[masculine] the stem or trunk of a tree; best or chief of (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prakāṇḍa (प्रकाण्ड):—[=pra-kāṇḍa] mn. the stem or trunk of a tree from the root to the branches, [Śiśupāla-vadha ix, 45]

2) [v.s. ...] a branch, shoot, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) anything excellent of its kind, [Mahāvīra-caritra; Bālarāmāyaṇa; Naiṣadha-carita] (cf. go-, -mantri-; also ḍaka, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya])

4) [v.s. ...] m. the upper part of the arm, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. pra-gaṇḍa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prakāṇḍa (प्रकाण्ड):—[pra-kāṇḍa] (ṇḍaḥ-ṇḍaṃ) 1. m. n. The stem of a tree; a branch; excellency; happiness. a. Best; happy.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Prakāṇḍa (प्रकाण्ड) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Payaṃḍa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Prakanda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Prakaṃda (ಪ್ರಕಂದ):—[noun] a thick, usu. round, fleshy, tuberous part of a plant; a tuber, yam, etc.

--- OR ---

Prakāṃḍa (ಪ್ರಕಾಂಡ):—

1) [adjective] very large; gigantic; immense; huge.

2) [adjective] greater in quality or value than; superior.

--- OR ---

Prakāṃḍa (ಪ್ರಕಾಂಡ):—

1) [noun] that which is very large, gigantic.

2) [noun] an excellent, superior thing.

3) [noun] an excellent man.

4) [noun] (in comp.) a man marked by intellectual depth.

5) [noun] that part of a tree from the ground to the branches; the stem, rank.

6) [noun] a branch of a tree.

7) [noun] a kind of necklace, having five pearls at the centre.

8) [noun] the upper arm (from the elbow to the shoulder).

9) [noun] the stalk of a lotus plant.

10) [noun] any of the fingers of the hand.

11) [noun] a ray of a light.

12) [noun] a division of time.

13) [noun] a kind of tree.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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