Prakampita: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Prakampita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Prakampita (प्रकम्पित, “shaking”) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the breast (uras), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 10. The breast is one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used to perform certain gestures (āṅgika). These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

2) Prakampitā (प्रकम्पिता, “shaken”) refers to a specific ‘movement of the waist’ (kaṭi), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 10. It is also known by the name Kampitā. The waist is one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used to perform certain gestures (āṅgika). These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

1) Prakampita (waving about): repeatedly moving the head forward and to both sides. Usage: the marvellous (adbhuta rasa), song, composition (prabandha), bee, the enemy’s mode of fighting.

2) One of the Twenty-four Heads. Prakampita (waving about): repeatedly moving the head forward and to both sides. Usage: the marvellous (adbhuta-rasa), song, composition (prabandha) , bee, the enemy’s mode of fighting.

3) One of the four Necks: Prakampita: moving the head backwards and forwards like apigeon. Usage: saying “You and I”, especially in Deśīya-naṭa (folk-dances), swings, counting.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

1) Prakampita (प्रकम्पित, “shaken”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with the breasts (uras);—(Instructions): The breast incessantly heaved up [and down]. (Uses): in laughter, weeping, weariness, panic, [fit of] asthma, hiccup, and misery.

2) Prakampita (प्रकम्पित, “shaken”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with the waist (kaṭi);—(Instructions): in obliquely moving up and down. (Uses): in the walking of hunch-backs, dwarfs and persons of the inferior type.

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

1) Prakampita (प्रकम्पित) refers to one of the “seven movements of the chest (in Sanskrit Dramas), as conveyed through Āṅgikābhinaya: one of the four divisions of Abhinaya or “ways to convey or represent one’s emotion to others”, according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—The āṅgikābhinaya includes the histrionic representation of the limbs which is simply known as physical gestures. There are five kinds of chest movements accepted by the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa as well as the Nāṭyaśāstra. At the time of laughing, weeping or showing fear, the chest is thrown up and it is called prakampita movement.

2) Prakampitā (प्रकम्पिता) also refers to one of the “five movements of the waist”.—The Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa seems to take the word kaṭi in feminine gender and makes the divisions of waist movements in feminine gender. The Prakampitā represents a slightly shaking movement that should be adopted in the walking of hunch backs, dwarfs and persons of short height.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of prakampita in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Prakampita in Mahayana glossary
Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Prakampita (प्रकम्पित) refers to the “shaking (of this world system)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “When this decisive teaching was declared, seventy-two millions of Gods, Humans, Asuras, Kiṃnaras, Mahoragas, and other beings produced the thought of incomparable complete awakening, thirty-two thousand Bodhisattvas attained the tolerance that all things are unborn, this world system of three thousandfold worlds was shaken (prakampita) in its six ways, and the world was illuminated by a grand lustre. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prakampita in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prakampita (प्रकम्पित).—[adjective] agitated, moved, angry (prati or [locative]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prakampita (प्रकम्पित):—[=pra-kampita] [from pra-kamp] mfn. (!) trembling, quaking, [Suparṇādhyāya; Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] ([from] [Causal]) made to tremble, shaken, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]

3) [v.s. ...] n. trembling or violent motion, [Varāha-mihira]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Prakampita (प्रकम्पित) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Pakaṃpia, Payaṃpiya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Prakampita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prakampita in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Prakaṃpita (ಪ್ರಕಂಪಿತ):—

1) [adjective] shivering, trembling violently.

2) [adjective] moving to and from in quick succession.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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