Prajnapti, Prajñapti: 9 definitions


Prajnapti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (P) next»] — Prajnapti in Purana glossary
Source: Yoga Vasishtha Maharamayana

Prajñapti (प्रज्ञप्ति) is the name of an ancient prince from Ilāvati (situated in Kuśadvīpa), according to the Yogavasistha 7.206.—“[...] there is the great island of Kuśadvīpa, surrounded by the seas on all sides; like a watery belt about it, and this land is renowned (for its beauty), all over the three regions of the world. There is the city called Ilāvati, situated on its north eastern side, and is beset by a colonnade of pillars, gilded all over with gold, and glittering with radiant beams, reaching from earth to the skies. There formerly reigned a prince, known by the name of Prajñapti; who ruled on earth as the god Indra in heaven; and to whom this earth or land paid its homage (as the skies do to the regent of heaven)”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (P) next»] — Prajnapti in Mahayana glossary
Source: The Laṅkāvatāra Sūtra

Prajñapti (प्रज्ञप्ति) refers to “thought construction” or “mental images”, according to the The Laṅkāvatāra Sūtra chapter 3.—“the triple world is no more than thought-construction (prajñapti), there is no reality in its self-nature; by means of this thought-constructed reality, logicians go on discriminating. Individual form, reality, thought-construction, — these are [only] a mental disturbance; transcending all this, my sons will walk where there is no discrimination”.

It is told by the Blessed One, again, that [true] knowledge is gained independent of any object supporting it, and whatever statements one makes about it are no more than thought-construction, and that as this thought-construction is not to be seized as real, the seizing act of the seizer itself ceases, and when there is thus no seizing, knowledge which is known as discrimination no more evolves.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (P) next»] — Prajnapti in Jainism glossary
Source: The Jaina Iconography

1) Prajñapti (प्रज्ञप्ति) or Duritāri is the name of the Yakṣiṇī accompanying Sambhavanātha: the third of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—[...] The first name [Duritārī] belongs to the Śvetāmbara representation, the second [Prajñapti] to the Digambara. Duritārī rides a ram and is four-handed. The hands hold Varada, rosary, fiuit and Abhaya. The Digambara Prajñapti places herself upon a bird. She has six hands, which are adorned with an axe, crescent, fruit, sword, (Iḍhi) and Vara-mudrā.

2) Prajñapti (प्रज्ञप्ति) also refers to one of the sixteen Vidyādevīs (goddesses of learning).—In her Śvetāmbara aspect, Prajñapti rides on a peacock and holds a lotus and a Śakti. According to one text of the same school, she holds Varada, Śakti, citrus and Śakti again. The Digambara image should be represented as bearing a sword anda disc. Prajñapti is identical in name with the Digambara Yakṣiṇī of Sambhavanātha. Thus, we find she has borrowed the vehicle of peacock from Yakṣa Trimukha, Prajñapti’s husband. The peacock symbol with lotus should be Vidyādevī’s characteristic. The name might have been derived either from Prajñapti, meaning “intellect” or Prajñā, meaning “Sarasvatī”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Prajnapti in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prajñapti (प्रज्ञप्ति).—f.

1) Agreement, engagement.

2) Teaching, informing, communicating.

3) A doctrine.

4) Intellect.

5) Name of a goddess, Vidyādevī (Jainism).

Derivable forms: prajñaptiḥ (प्रज्ञप्तिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Prajñapti (प्रज्ञप्ति).—f. (in Sanskrit recorded once, Bhāg. P., in meaning 1, BR; in general used much like Pali paññatti, compare prajñapayati and relatives; see also prajñāpti), (1) making known, declaration: agra-°tiṣu Bbh 291.12, see prajñapayati 1; (2) śabda-pra°, manifestation in words (compare Pali sadda-paññatti, Compendium of Philosophy 4), verbal expression: Samādh 8.11 yāvatī ca tatra lokadhātau śabdaprajñaptiḥ, every…in this world (took on the same sound, when the Buddha became enlightened); (3) state- ment, manifesto: icchāmi ekāṃ prajñaptiṃ (I wish, sc. to make, a statement) brāhmaṇapariṣā yadi pramāṇaṃ ti Mv i.311.5; the brahmans reply, jalpa yā te vijñapti, say what your statement (? request?) is; (4) désignation acc. to LaV-P. AbhidhK. ii.214, where °ti-dharma is contrasted with dravya-dharma, chose en soi; notation, Lévi on Sūtrāl. xix.43 (Tibetan brtags, signe, symbole; Chin. kia, faux, simulé); ‘le mot désigne la notion comme purement verbale, comme moyen de se faire entendre;’ lokānuvartanāṃ buddhā anuvartanti laukikīṃ, prajñaptim anuvartanti yathā lokottarām api Mv i.168.8-9 (verses), …Buddhas imitate (or follow) the conventions (which pass current in the world; i.e. they seem to carry on worldly activities) as if (all this were) super-worldly (esoterically real); bahubhir abhilā- paiḥ prajñaptaya upacārāḥ (access) kriyante Bbh 44.14, and repeatedly in sequel, esp. in cpd. °ti-vāda; (rūpādi- saṃjñake) vastuni yā rūpam ity evam-ādyāḥ prajñaptayaḥ tāḥ saṃvṛtaya (see saṃvṛti) ity ucyante Bbh 49.4; nāma-saṃketa-°tiḥ 50.10; (nāmadheyamātraṃ saṃketa- mātraṃ saṃvṛtimātraṃ) prajñaptimātraṃ Śikṣ 257.8 (said of the 5 saṃskāra; note samvṛti again, virtually = prajñapti); wrong actions are of two sorts, some like adultery wrong by nature (prakṛti-duṣṭa-tvād), others like remaining in the householder's life blameworthy by con- vention (prajñapti-sāvadya-tvād) Śikṣ 192.13; Buddhas are prajñapti-samatikrāntā(ḥ) Mv i.176.18, passed beyond convention (exoteric things); in Laṅk 153.10 (verse) an ātman exists prajñapti-satyato, by (exoteric) verbal convention, it is not dravya-sat, real in itself (compare AbhidhK, above), and so in line 11, skandhānāṃ skandhatā tadvat prajñaptyā na tu dravyataḥ, …by conventional designation, not in reality; (5) arrangement, provision (of a seat; n. act. to prajñapayati 2, prajñapta 1): śatasāhasrikā āsana-prajñaptī kriyati Mv ii.273.12, a seat-provision worth 100,000 was made, i.e. a seat worth that was provided; similarly, āsanaprajñaptī ca me na tādṛśī bhaviṣyati 274.9.

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Prajñāpti (प्रज्ञाप्ति).—f., noted only in Mvy as substitute for the usual prajñapti, q.v., compare vāhana-pra° where in citing LV the Mvy substitutes ā for a in the word. Besides this cpd., the word occurs Mvy 1415, 6496, 9213; and see anu-pra°. Tibetan on the first two gdags pa (also used for prajñā), making known, but in 9213 bcas pa (and so for anu-pra°), which is ambiguous (context suggests perhaps meaning of prajñapti 2 or 3), and on 6496 alternatively bcaḥ ba, probably intending the same; Japanese deciding, settling, fixing. (Acc. to LaV-P., Index, also occurs in AbhidhK, = prajñapti.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prajñapti (प्रज्ञप्ति).—f.

(-ptiḥ) 1. An appointment, an agreement, an engagement. 2. Teaching doctrine. (-ptī) One of the Vidya Devis of the Jainas. E. pra before, jñā to know, causal v., aff. ktin .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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