Praharana, Praharaṇa, Prahāraṇa: 16 definitions


Praharana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Praharana in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Praharaṇa (प्रहरण) refers to “missiles” (used for striking)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.3 (“The virtues of the three cities—Tripura).—Accordingly, after Viṣṇu spoke to the Gods: “[...] Then from the sacrificial pit rose up thousands of Bhūtas of huge size and armed with tridents, spears, iron clubs and other weapons. The gods saw thousands of Bhūtasaṅghas armed with tridents and spears and possessing various weapons such as staffs, bows, stones, etc. They had various missiles to strike with (nānā-praharaṇa-upeta). They were in different guises. They resembled the destructive fire and Rudra. They were on a par with the destructive Sun. When they bowed to him and stood waiting in front, Viṣṇu saw them. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Praharaṇa (प्रहरण).—A son of Kṛṣṇa and Bhadrā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 17.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Natya Shastra

Praharaṇa (प्रहरण, “weapons”).—Those who are engaged in fight, angry conflict or siege, in a play are to be given different weapons (praharaṇa) in a drama. Weapons should be made by experts with proper measurements.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Praharana in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Praharaṇa (प्रहरण):—Harassment (trouble and annoy continually or repeatedly) towards others

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Praharana in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Praharaṇa (प्रहरण) refers to a “weapon”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The dark spots, also known as ketus, the sons of Rāhu are Tāmasa, Kīlaka and the like, and are 33 in number. How they affect the earth depends upon their color, position and shape. If these spots should appear on the solar disc, mankind will suffer miseries; if on the lunar disc mankind will be happy; but if they take the shape of a crow, a headless human body, or a weapon [i.e., praharaṇa], mankind will suffer even though the spots should appear on the moon”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)

Praharaṇa (प्रहरण) refers to “(the gesture of) striking”, according to the Nāmamantrārthāvalokinī by Vilāsavajra, which is a commentary on the Nāmasaṃgīti.—Accordingly, [while describing Ādibuddha]—“[...] He is tranquil, with the ornaments of a youth, in fine clothing, wearing about himself a many coloured garment. He has eight arms, holding at his heart with four hands the Śatasāhasrikāprajñāpāramitā divided into four parts, [and] carrying, in each of the other four hands, a sword of wisdom in the gesture of striking (praharaṇa-abhinaya). [All this is to be] put in place [i.e. visualised] via the yoga of the four Buddha-thrones”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Praharana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Praharaṇa (प्रहरण).—

1) Striking, beating.

2) Casting, throwing.

3) Assailing, attacking.

4) Hurting.

5) Removing, expelling.

6) A weapon, missile; या () (urvaśī) सुकुमारं प्रहरणं महेन्द्रस्य (sukumāraṃ praharaṇaṃ mahendrasya) V.1; Bhāgavata 4.26.2; R.13.73; Mṛcchakaṭika 5.12; नानाशस्त्रप्रहरणाः (nānāśastrapraharaṇāḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 1.9; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 8.9.

7) War, battle, fight.

8) A covered litter or car.

9) The box of a carriage.

Derivable forms: praharaṇam (प्रहरणम्).

--- OR ---

Prahāraṇa (प्रहारण).—A desirable gift.

Derivable forms: prahāraṇam (प्रहारणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praharaṇa (प्रहरण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. A weapon. 2. A covered car, a litter for women or any litter or small covered car for diversion. 3. War, battle. 4. Striking, killing. 5. Assailing, attacking. 6. Removing, expelling. E. pra before, hṛ to take, aff. lyuṭ .

--- OR ---

Prahāraṇa (प्रहारण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) A desirable gift. E. pra before, hṛ to take, aff. lyuṭ; also pravāraṇa .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praharaṇa (प्रहरण).—i. e. pra-hṛ + ana, n. 1. Striking, pecking, [Pañcatantra] 146, 14; biting, 147, 2. 2. A weapon, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 13745.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praharaṇa (प्रहरण).—[neuter] striking, beating, fighting, war, battle, weapon.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Praharaṇa (प्रहरण):—[=pra-haraṇa] [from pra-hara > pra-hṛ] n. striking, beating, pecking, [Pañcatantra] attack, combat, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] throwing (of grass into the fire), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā [Scholiast or Commentator]]

3) [v.s. ...] removing, dispelling, [Śaṃkarācārya]

4) [v.s. ...] a weapon (ifc. f(ā). ), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (cf. kṛta-pr)

5) [v.s. ...] a carriage-box, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] [wrong reading] for pra-vahaṇa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] m. the verse spoken in throwing grass into the fire, [Āpastamba-śrauta-sūtra]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Kṛṣṇa, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

9) Prahāraṇa (प्रहारण):—[=pra-hāraṇa] [from pra-hāra > pra-hṛ] n. a desirable gift, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([varia lectio] for 2. pravāraṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Praharaṇa (प्रहरण):—[pra-haraṇa] (ṇaṃ) 1. n. Weapon; war; killing; covered car for women.

2) Prahāraṇa (प्रहारण):—[pra-hāraṇa] (ṇaṃ) 1. n. A desirable gift.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Praharaṇa (प्रहरण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paharaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Praharana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Praharana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Praharaṇa (ಪ್ರಹರಣ):—

1) [noun] a stroke; a blow.

2) [noun] a particular mode in mace-fight.

3) [noun] the playing of a musical instrument.

4) [noun] the act or an instance of throwing, hurling, projecting something to a distance with force.

5) [noun] a military attack.

6) [noun] the act of removing or preventing something (esp. an evil).

7) [noun] an instrument or device of any kind used to injure or kill, as in fighting; a weapon.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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