Pragjyotisha, Prāgjyotiṣa: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Pragjyotisha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Prāgjyotiṣa can be transliterated into English as Pragjyotisa or Pragjyotisha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pragjyotisha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Prāgjyotiṣa (प्राग्ज्योतिष).—The palace of Narakāsura. Narakāsura was known as Bhaumāsura also. After the death of this asura Bhagadatta became King there. After Bhagadatta Vajradatta became ruler there. Prāgjyotiṣa was an invincible fortress of the asuras. (Chapter 23, Verse 28, Sabhā Parva; Chapter 48, Udyoga Parva and Chapter 75, Aśvamedha Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Prāgjyotiṣa (प्राग्ज्योतिष).—An eastern tribe.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 45. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 54.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[«previous next»] — Pragjyotisha in Natyashastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Prāgjyotiṣa (प्राग्ज्योतिष) is the name of a country pertaining to the Oḍramāgadhī local usage (pravṛtti) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 14. These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world. It is mentioned that this local usage (adopted by these countries) depends on the verbal style (bhāratī) and the graceful style (kaiśikī).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Pragjyotisha in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Prāgjyotiṣa (प्राग्ज्योतिष) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—Kāmarūpa or Kāmākhyā in the Assam state. In the Raghuvaṃśa of Kālidāsa Prāgjotiṣa and Kāmarūpa are define the same. To Rājaśekhara, Kāmarūpa as one of the mountain in the eastern part of India.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Pragjyotisha in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Prāgjyotiṣa (प्राग्ज्योतिष) is the name of an ancient kingdom, according to chapter 4.2 [vāsupūjya-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as Vasupūjya and Jayā spoke to Vāsupūjya:—“All the existing kings, among men and the Vidyādharas, who are of good family, capable, heroic, wealthy, famous, possessing the fourfold army, known for guarding their subjects, free from blemish, faithful to engagements, always devoted to dharma, in Madhyadeśa, Vatsadeśa, [... the Prāgjyotiṣas, ...] these now, son, beg us constantly through messengers, who are sent bearing valuable gifts, to give their daughters to you. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pragjyotisha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāgjyotiṣa (प्राग्ज्योतिष).—m.

(-ṣaḥ) A country, Kamarupa, part of Assam. E. prāk formerly, jyotiṣa light; being the scene of Brahma'S penance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prāgjyotiṣa (प्राग्ज्योतिष):—[=prāg-jyotiṣa] [from prāg > prāñc] mfn. lighted from the east, [Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra]

2) [v.s. ...] relating to the city of Prāg-jyotiṣa, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a country (= kāma-rūpa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] the king of the city of Prāg-jyotiṣa (Name of Bhaga-datta), [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) Name of a people living in that city or its environs, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa; Varāha-mihira]

6) [v.s. ...] n. Name of a city, the dwelling-place of the demon Naraka, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa; Rājataraṅgiṇī; Raghuvaṃśa]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a Sāman, [Mahābhārata] ([Nīlakaṇṭha])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāgjyotiṣa (प्राग्ज्योतिष):—[prāg-jyotiṣa] (ṣaḥ) 1. m. A country, Kāmarūpa, part of Asam.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pragjyotisha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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