Pradyota, Prādyota: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Pradyota means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pradyota in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Pradyota (प्रद्योत).—A Yakṣa. He was a member of the court of Kubera. (Śloka 15, Chapter 10, Śānti Parva).

2) Pradyota (प्रद्योत).—The first king of the dynasty of Pradyota. He was the son of a king called Śunaka. Pradyota is referred to as Śunakaputra in Vāyu Purāṇa. Kṣemaka alias Śunaka father of Pradyota was killed by Mlecchas (a barbarous tribe). To avenge the death of his father Pradyota under the advice of Nārada decided to conduct a Mleccha Yajña and for that purpose dug a Yajñakuṇḍa seventeen miles long and seventeen miles wide. The Yajña started and in that Yajṅa different kinds of Mlecchas were burnt to death. From then onwards Pradyumna got the name 'Mlecchahantā' (killer of Mlecchas). (Bhaviṣya Purāṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Pradyota (प्रद्योत).—A son of Śunaka, the minister of Purañjaya; when Purañjaya was killed by Śunaka, Pradyota became king; father of Pālaka; founder of the line of Pradyotanas, five in number and who ruled for 138 years.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 3-4.

1b) A Yakṣa; a son of Puṇyajani and Maṇibhadra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 124; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 156.

1c) The son of Munika, killed his master Ripumjaya and ruled for 23 years; a Praṇatasāmanta, his four successors ruled for 138 years; Śiśunāka slew him and became king. Father of Balāka.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 310-4; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 2-3.

2) Prādyota (प्राद्योत).—Five kings from Pradyota to Nandivardhana; ruled for 138 years.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 127.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Pradyota in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Pradyota (प्रद्योत) is the name of the king of Magadha who opposed king Udayana, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 15. His daughter is named Padmāvatī and their story is told by Yaugandharāyaṇa to Rumaṇvat.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Pradyota, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pradyota (प्रद्योत).—

1) Irradiating, lighting, illuminating.

2) Splendour, light, lustre.

3) A ray of light.

4) Name of a king of Ujjayinī, whose daughter Vatsa married; प्रद्योतस्य प्रियदुहितरं वत्सराजोऽत्र जह्रे (pradyotasya priyaduhitaraṃ vatsarājo'tra jahre) Me.32. (considered as an interpolation by Malli.); Ratn.1.1.

Derivable forms: pradyotaḥ (प्रद्योतः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pradyota (प्रद्योत).—(1) name of a large group of former Buddhas: (8,000) Mahāvastu i.58.3, (60,000) 61.12; (2) name of a future Buddha: Mahāvastu ii.355.2 = iii.279.7; Gaṇḍavyūha 441.25 (see s.v. Maitreya).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pradyota (प्रद्योत).—m.

(-taḥ) 1. A ray of light. 2. Light, lustre. 3. Lighting, illumining. 4. The name of a king of Ujjayini but considered to be spurious by Mallinatha. E. pra excess, and dyota shining.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pradyota (प्रद्योत).—[pra-dyota], m. 1. A ray of light. 2. Light.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pradyota (प्रद्योत).—[masculine] flashing up, light, splendour; [Name] of a Yakṣa & [several] kings.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pradyota (प्रद्योत):—[=pra-dyota] [from pra-dyut] m. radiance, light, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] a ray of l°, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a Yakṣa, [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] of a king of Magadha and founder of a dynasty, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

5) [v.s. ...] of a king of Ujjayinī and other princes, [Lalita-vistara]

6) [v.s. ...] Priyad, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pradyota (प्रद्योत):—[pra-dyota] (taḥ) 1. m. A ray of light; lustre, light.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Pradyota (प्रद्योत):—(von 1. dyut mit pra) m.

1) das Aufleuchten; Glanz, Helle: tena pradyotenaiṣa ātmā niṣkrāmati [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 14, 7, 2, 3.] Lichtstrahl [Halāyudha 1. 38.] —

2) Nomen proprium eines Yakṣa [Mahābhārata 2, 397.] eines Königs von Magadha und Gründers einer Dynastie, [Viṣṇupurāṇa 466.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 15, 19. 31, 66.] [Lassen’s Indische Alterthumskunde I, 501.] [Anhang XXXII.] eines Königs von Ujjayini ebend. [Nalopākhyāna 14. II, 72.] [Lebensbeschreibung Śākyamuni’s 235 (5). 269 (39).] [Rgva tch’er rol pa 25] (ed. Calc.) (pradyotana). — Vgl. pakṣa .

--- OR ---

Pradyota (प्रद्योत):—

2) Fürst und Gründer einer Dynastie (pradyotana) [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 12, 1, 3.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Pradyota (प्रद्योत):—m.

1) das Aufleuchten , Glanz , Helle.

2) *Lichtstrahl.

3) Nomen proprium — a) eines Yakṣa. — b) verschiedener Fürsten [292,6] [Priyadarśikā 5,11.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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