Pradvivaka, aka: Prāḍvivāka, Prad-vivaka, Prach-vivaka; 6 Definition(s)
Pradvivaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Prāḍvivāka (प्राड्विवाक).—A judge, to be banished for miscarriage of justice.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 227. 160-1.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Arthashastra (politics and welfare)
Prāḍvivāka (प्राड्विवाक, “ministers”).—The king (nṛipa) should appoint Prāḍvivāka who is proficient in Dharma and Tattva-śāstras. Śukra Says that the Prāḍvivāka is so called because he asks questions and is therefore prāḍ (derived from the root prach, prāś?). It means one who puts questions to the parties and witness in disputes. He analyses the cases and judges the disputes or states what should be done and is therefore vivāka.Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (artha)
Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Prāḍvivāka (प्राड्विवाक, “judge”) refers to a classification of persons who “move about in public”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 34. Accordingly, “Those who know well about litigation, and the true nature of pecuniary transactions, are intelligent, and well-versed in many departments of knowledge, impartial, followers of Dharma, wise, able to discriminate between good and bad deeds, and are forbearing and self-controlled, and can control anger, are not haughty and have similar respect for all, should be placed in seats of justice as judges (prāḍvivāka)”.
Note: The radical meaning of the term prāḍvivāka is one who decides a cause after questioning the parties.Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Languages of India and abroad
Prāḍvivāka (प्राड्विवाक).—A judge, the presiding officer in a court of law; प्राड्- विवाकोऽनुयुञ्जीत विधिना तेन सान्त्वयन् (prāḍ- vivāko'nuyuñjīta vidhinā tena sāntvayan) Ms.8.79,181;9.234.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-kaḥ) A judge, a magistrate. E. prāṭ who asks, and vivāka who decides or discriminates.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 9 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Praśnavivāka (प्रश्नविवाक).—an arbitrator, umpire.Derivable forms: praśnavivākaḥ (प्रश्नविवाकः)...
Prāch (प्राछ्).—a. (Nom. sing. prāṭ-ḍ) Asking, inquiring, questioning; as in शब्दप्राट् (śabdap...
sākṣī (साक्षी).—m (S sa & akṣi Eye.) An eye-witness: also a witness at law generally. 2 f witne...
Dūṣaṇa (दूषण).—nt. (to dūṣyate, q.v.; = BHS doṣa = Sanskrit dveṣa), hatred, malice, with doṣa i...
Pradvāra (प्रद्वार).—n. (-raṃ) A place near a door.
Sabhāstāra (सभास्तार).—1) an assistant at an assembly. 2) a member of a society. Derivable form...
Tripradakṣiṇīkṛtya (त्रिप्रदक्षिणीकृत्य).—ger. (tri- plus Sanskrit prad°; oftener triḥ prad°, w...
Samudrita (समुद्रित) is a dub-division of Apratiṣṭita: to a type of legal court (sabhā) defined...
Kvibanta (क्विबन्त).—A substantive ending with the kṛt affix क्विप् (kvip) (zero affix) added t...
Search found 2 books and stories containing Pradvivaka, Prāḍvivāka, Prad-vivaka or Prach-vivaka. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 8.79 < [Section XII - Exhortation and Examination of Witnesses]
Verse 8.9 < [Section III - Constitution of the Court of Justice (continued)]
The Natyashastra (by Bharata-muni)