Pradana, Pradāna: 21 definitions
Pradana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Pradan.
Images (photo gallery)
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Pradāna (प्रदान, “making gifts”) refers to one of the twenty-one sandhyantara, or “distinct characteristics of segments (sandhi)” according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. The segments are divisions of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic play (nāṭaka) and consist of sixty-four limbs, known collectively as the sandhyaṅga.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
Pradāna (प्रदान).—Mode of articulation, the same as करण (karaṇa).
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Pradāna (प्रदान) refers to “conferring” (a boon), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Some say that Rāhu, the asura, though his head was cut, dies not but lives in the shape of a planet having tasted of ambrosia. That he has a disc like the sun and moon and as that disc is black it is invisible when in the sky except on the occasion of eclipses in virtue of a boon [i.e., vara-pradāna] from Brahmā. Others say that he resembles a serpent in shape with his head severed from his tail; a few that he is bodiless, that he is mere darkness and that he is the son of Siṃhikā. [...]”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Pradāna (प्रदान) refers to “making offerings”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] May all my tasks, (including) the work I have started, will do and have done, be successfully accomplished; may all my defects be destroyed and my intentions be satisfied by (this) offering of bali and flowers [i.e., puṣpa-pradāna]. May the task that has been started be accomplished by the grace of Śiva and Śakti, by the power of the three Vidyās and by the grace of the venerable mother Kujā”.Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)
Pradāna (प्रदान) refers to “offering”, and formed a part of the Navarātra Tantric ritual (an autumnal festival of the warrior goddess Caṇḍikā).—On Mahāṣṭamī is the worship of the Nine Durgās, [...] restraining the breaths; visualization and self-identification with the deity, rite of the sword in Nepal for powers; animal sacrifice and offering blood from a king’s arms and offering a human head (naraśiras-pradāna); worship of weapons; Goddess is believed to morph into a more uncontrollable presence requiring constant placation.—Various 8th century sources refer to rituals such as offerings, for example: Devīpurāṇa, Kālikāpurāṇa, Kṛtyakalpataru, Durgābhaktitaraṅgiṇī, Durgāpūjātattva, Durgāpūjāviveka, Bhadrakālīmantravidhiprakaraṇa in Sanderson (2007); account of the Durgā Pūjā in Kelomal, West Bengal (Nicholas 2013).
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Pradāna (प्रदान) refers to the “(allocation of) shares” (in the sacrifice), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.27 (“Description of the fraudulent words of the Brahmacārin”).—Accordingly, as Śiva (in guise of a Brahmacārin) said to Pārvatī: “[...] Satī was discarded by Dakṣa because she was the wife of the skull-bearing Śiva. Śiva too was eschewed in the allocation of shares in the sacrifice [i.e., bhāga-pradāna]. On account of the insult Satī was infuriated and she discarded her dear life. Śiva too was abandoned by her. You are a jewel among women. Your father is the king of all mountains. Why do you crave for a husband like this and that too by means of a severe penance? [...]”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Pradāna (प्रदान, “goading”) refers to one of the fourty “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “associated with mind” (citta-samprayukta) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 30). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., pradāna). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
Languages of India and abroad
pradāna (प्रदान).—n (S) Giving. In comp. as anna-vastra- gō-dravya-vidyā-dakṣiṇā-pradāna.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
pradāna (प्रदान).—n Giving.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) Giving, granting, bestowing, offering; वर°, अग्नि°, काष्ठ° (vara°, agni°, kāṣṭha°) &c.; प्रदानं प्रच्छन्नं गृहमुपगते संभ्रमविधिः (pradānaṃ pracchannaṃ gṛhamupagate saṃbhramavidhiḥ) Bh. 1.63.
2) Giving away in marriage; वैखानसं किमनया व्रतमा प्रदानाद् व्यापाररोधि मदनस्य निषेवितव्यम् (vaikhānasaṃ kimanayā vratamā pradānād vyāpārarodhi madanasya niṣevitavyam) Ś.1.26.
3) Imparting, instructing; विद्या° (vidyā°).
4) A gift, donation, present.
5) A goad.
6) An oblation.
7) Refuting, frustrating (khaṇḍana); असदेव हि धर्मस्य प्रदानं धर्म आसुरः (asadeva hi dharmasya pradānaṃ dharma āsuraḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.45.8 (com.).
Derivable forms: pradānam (प्रदानम्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Pradāna (प्रदान).—[ ed. Dharmasaṃgraha 30, line 4; read pradāsa.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-naṃ) 1. Gift, donation. 2. Bestowing, granting. 3. Instructing, teaching. 4. Giving away in marriage. 5. A goad. E. pra before dā to give, or do to cut, aff. lyuṭa .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pradāna (प्रदान).—i. e. pra-dā + ana, n. 1. Giving, [Daśakumāracarita] in
Pradāna (प्रदान).—[neuter] giving, [especially] in marriage, presenting, offering, yielding, granting, applying; gift, donation, oblation; communicating, teaching, proclaiming; putting on, applying; effecting, producing.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Pradāna (प्रदान):—[=pra-dāna] [from pra-dā] 1. pra-dāna n. (for 2. See below) giving, bestowal, presentation ([especially] of an offering in the fire; also Name of the sacred text recited on this occasion), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc. etc.
2) [v.s. ...] a gift, donation, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.
3) [v.s. ...] giving away in marriage, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya] etc.
4) [v.s. ...] applying (of a clyster), [Suśruta]
5) [v.s. ...] turning (the eyes), [Kumāra-sambhava]
6) [v.s. ...] making (an attack), [Pañcatantra]
7) [v.s. ...] uttering (a curse), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
8) [v.s. ...] granting (a boon), [Mahābhārata]
9) [v.s. ...] teaching, imparting, announcing, declaring, [Manu-smṛti; Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara]
10) [=pra-dāna] 2. pra-dāna n. (√do) a goad, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (for 1. See under pra- √1. dā).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pradāna (प्रदान):—[pra-dāna] (naṃ) 1. n. Gift; a goad.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Pradāna (प्रदान) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Padāṇa, Payacchaṇa, Payāṇa.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Pradāna (प्रदान) [Also spelled pradan]:—(nm) giving; donating; bestowing, granting; delivery; —[karanā] to give; to donate; to bestow, to grant; to deliver.
1) [noun] the act or process of giving a gift, presentation.
2) [noun] an offering (something) or dedicating (a work, book, etc.) to someone or something.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Pradanaka, Pradanakripana, Pradanapurvam, Pradanaruchi, Pradanaruci, Pradanashura, Pradanavant, Pradanavat.
Ends with (+31): Abhayapradana, Adanapradana, Adhyayanasampradana, Agnipradana, Amshapradana, Amutahpradana, Anupradana, Apapradana, Apradana, Asampradana, Atmapradana, Avaskandapradana, Balipradana, Bhagapradana, Bhupradana, Buddhipradana, Dandapradana, Drishtipradana, Ekapradana, Galipradana.
Full-text (+63): Kanyapradana, Abhayapradana, Varapradana, Pradanakripana, Pradanashura, Pradanaka, Apapradana, Upapradana, Pradanika, Shapapradana, Gopradana, Jalapradana, Bhupradana, Pratipradana, Pratipattipradana, Kashthapradana, Shirahpradana, Galipradana, Pradanavat, Pradanapurvam.
Search found 12 books and stories containing Pradana, Pra-dana, Pra-dāna, Pradāna; (plurals include: Pradanas, danas, dānas, Pradānas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 1.17.21 < [Chapter 17 - Description of the Yogurt Theft]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 11.184 < [Section XX - Expiation for associating with Outcasts]
Verse 5.150 < [Section XIV - Duties of Women]
Paraskara-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 1.6.54 < [Chapter 6 - The Lord Begins Studying and His Childhood Mischief]
Verse 1.4.97 < [Chapter 4 - Name-giving Ceremony, Childhood Pastimes, and Thieves Kidnap the Lord]
Verse 1.2.175 < [Chapter 2 - The Lord’s Appearance]
Lakulisha-Pashupata (Philosophy and Practice) (by Geetika Kaw Kher)
Classifiction of the system as an Ati-margika one < [Chapter 4 - The Philosophical Context]
Overall Structure and Methodological considerations < [Introduction]
Bhajana-Rahasya (by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura Mahasaya)
Text 18 < [Chapter 2 - Dvitīya-yāma-sādhana (Prātaḥ-kālīya-bhajana)]