Pracetas: 12 definitions



Pracetas means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Prachetas.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pracetas in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pracetas (प्रचेतस्) is the name of a deity mentioned the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] obeisance, obeisance to one who is omni-formed and the plentiful; obeisance to Nīla, Nīlarudra, Kadrudra and Pracetas. Obeisance to the most bounteous lord who is pervaded by rays, who is the greatest, and the destroyer of the enemies of the gods”.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pracetas (प्रचेतस्).—The emperor Pṛthu, had two virtuous sons named Antardhāna and Vādī. Antardhāna got a son named Havirdhāna of his wife Śikhaṇḍinī. Dhiṣaṇā of the race of Agni became the wife of Havirdhāna She got of Havirdhāna six sons named Prācīnabarhis, Śukra, Gaya, Kṛṣṇa Vraja and Ajina. (Chapter 14, Aṃśa 1, Viṣṇu Purāṇa). Prācīnabarhis had ten sons named Pracetas. They were Prajāpatis. Dakṣa was born of the ten Prajāpatis to Vārkṣī alias Māriṣā. Therefore he got the name Prācetas. (Śloka 5, Chapter 75, Ādi Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Pracetas (प्रचेतस्).—The son of Durdama; had a hundred sons who went to the North as lords of the mlecchas.1 Father of Śatadharma.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 15-16; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 11-12; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 11.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 17. 4-5.

1b) (praśānti) a name of Śanti Agni.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 12. 29; Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 27.

1c) A Mantrakṛt; see Cyavana.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 104; III. 1. 92; Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 54, 88.

1d) A Pārāvata god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 13. Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 12.

1e) A god of Prasūta group.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 70.

1f) A god of the Lekha group.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 75.

1g) One of the Mind-born sons of Brahmā; a Mantrakṛt.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 3. 7; 102. 19; 145. 98; Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 96.

1h) The son of Viduṣa; had 100 sons, all chieftains of the mleccha countries of the northern regions.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 48. 8-9.

1i) The father of the Yakṣas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 11.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Pracetas (प्रचेतस्) refers to a group of deities, according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, while narrating the personal description of Ṛṣabha: “[...] supported by Mahendra, with chauris held by Yakṣas, with Dharaṇendra acting as door-keeper, with an umbrella held by Pracetas, surrounded by gods saying ‘Long live! Long live!’ unassuming, the Master of the World passed his time agreeably”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pracetas (प्रचेतस्).—m.

1) An epithet of Varuṇa; Ku.2.21.

2) Name of an ancient sage and law-giver; Ms.1.35.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pracetas (प्रचेतस्).—mfn.

(-tāḥ-tāḥ-taḥ) Happy, delighted. m.

(-tāḥ) 1. Varuna, the regent of water. 2. The name of a saint and law-giver. m. plu.

(-saḥ) The ten sons of Prachinavarhi by the daughter of Varuna, and the progenitors of Daksha. E. pra best, first, cetas the heart.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pracetas (प्रचेतस्).—[pra-cetas], I. adj. Wise, intelligent. Ii. m. 1. A name of Varuṇa. 2. The name of a Ṛṣi. 3. (also pracetas + a), m. pl. The ten sons of Pracīnavarhis. 4. The name of a king.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pracetas (प्रचेतस्).—[adjective] attentive, knowing, wise; [masculine] [Epithet] of Varuṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pracetas (प्रचेतस्):—[=pra-cetas] [from pra-cit] (pra-) mfn. attentive, observant, mindful, clever, wise (said of the gods, [especially] of Agni and the Ādityas), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] (pra-) happy, delighted, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] (pra-) m. Name of Varuṇa, [Harivaṃśa; Kālidāsa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] (pra-) Name of a Prajā-pati (an ancient sage and law-giver), [Manu-smṛti i, 35] (-smṛti f. Name of [work])

5) [v.s. ...] (pra-) Name of a prince (son of Duduha), [Harivaṃśa]

6) [v.s. ...] (pra-) Name of a son of Duryāman, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] (pra-) Name of a son of Dur-mada, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] (pra-) [plural] ([wrong reading] prāc) Name of the 10 sons of Prācīna-barhis by a daughter of Varuṇa (they are the progenitors of Dakṣa), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

9) Prācetas (प्राचेतस्):—[=prā-cetas] [from prā] m. [plural] Name of the 10 sons of Prācīna-barhis (= pra-cetas), [Mahābhārata]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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