Pracara, Pracāra, Prācāra: 17 definitions


Pracara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Prachara.

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Pracāra (प्रचार) refers to a set of three rules used in the playing of drums (puṣkara) [with reference to Mṛdaṅga, Paṇava and Dardura] according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33.

The following are the three pracāras:

  1. Sama-pracāra,
  2. Viṣama-pracāra,
  3. Samaviṣama-pracāra.
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (Advaita Vedanta)

Pracāra (प्रचार) refers to the “mode” (of mind or no-mind), according to the Māṇḍūkyopaniṣatkārikā 3.37.—Accordingly, while discussing the no-mind state: “The mode (pracāra) of [this no-mind] mind which is restrained, free of thought and intelligent should be known. The other [mode of mind] in deep sleep is not the same as that”.

Vedanta book cover
context information

Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pracara in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Pracāra (प्रचार) refers to the “movement (of the breath)”, according to the Yogatārāvalī: a short Yoga text of twenty-nine verses presenting Haṭhayoga as the means to Rājayoga (i.e., Samādhi).—Accordingly, while describing the no-mind state: “When the movement of the breath (śvāsa-pracāra) is quashed through the prolonged restraint of the mind and senses, the bodies of the best Yogins become still like a lamp in a windless place and their minds are immersed in the no-mind [state]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

1) Pracāra (प्रचार) (Cf. Apracāra) refers to “activity”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Son of good family, the morality of the Boddhisatvas becomes purified by these eight qualities. [...] Further, as for the purity of morality, [...] open space has no distinguished marks, and no distinguished marks is also that the morality; open space has no activity (apracāra-gaganaapracāraṃ gaganaṃ), and no activity is also that morality; open space is beyond discursive thinking, and the beyond discursive thinking is also that morality; [...]”.

2) Pracāra (अप्रचार) refers to “[mental] activity” (as opposed to Apracāra—‘without [mental] activity’), according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “What then, son of good family, is the recollection of renunciation (tyāga-anusmṛti), which is authorized by the Lord for the sake of the Bodhisattvas? What we called renunciation (tyāga) is to abandon and renounce any material thing. Why is that? [...] That which is without haughtiness is without apprehending. That which is without apprehending is without [mental] activity (apracāra). That which is without [mental] activity is without information by thinking. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pracāra (प्रचार).—m (S) Prevalence, currency, general use or adoption.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pracāra (प्रचार).—m Prevalence, currency, general use.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pracara (प्रचर).—

1) A road, path, way.

2) A custom, usage.

Derivable forms: pracaraḥ (प्रचरः).

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Pracāra (प्रचार).—1 Going forth, ranging, walking about, wandering; शान्तमृगप्रचारम् (śāntamṛgapracāram) (kānanam) Kumārasambhava 3.42.

3) Appearance, coming in, manifestation; Uttararāmacarita 1; Mu.1.

4) Currency, prevalence, use, being used or applied; विलोक्य तैरप्यधुना प्रचारम् (vilokya tairapyadhunā pracāram) Trik.

5) Conduct, behaviour; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.171.15; cf. अध्यक्षप्रचारः (adhyakṣapracāraḥ) (a title of the second book of Arthaśāstra.)

6) Custom, usage.

7) A playground, place of exercise.

8) A pasture-ground, pasturage; गवां प्रचारेष्वासीनम् (gavāṃ pracāreṣvāsīnam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.4.17; ग्राम्येच्छया गोप्रचारो भूमी राजवशेन वा (grāmyecchayā gopracāro bhūmī rājavaśena vā) Y.2.166.

9) A passage, path; योगक्षेमं प्रचारं च न विभाज्यं प्रचक्षते (yogakṣemaṃ pracāraṃ ca na vibhājyaṃ pracakṣate) Manusmṛti 9.219.

1) Proclamation in public; प्रचारे चापघोषयेत् (pracāre cāpaghoṣayet)... Kau. A.2.8.26.

11) Movement, activity (saṃcāra); प्रचारं स तु संगृह्य (pracāraṃ sa tu saṃgṛhya) Rām.7.35.49.

Derivable forms: pracāraḥ (प्रचारः).

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Prācāra (प्राचार).—a. Contrary to ordinary institutes and observances.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pracara (प्रचर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A road, a path. 2. Usage, custom, currency. 3. Going well or widely. E. pra before, car to go, aff. ap; also with ghañ aff. pracāra .

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Pracāra (प्रचार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Going, proceeding. 2. Custom, usage, 3. Conduct. 4. Currency. 5. Appearance, manifestation. 6. A Pasture-ground. 7. A play-ground. 8. A path, a foot-path. E. pra before, car to go, ghañ aff.

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Prācāra (प्राचार).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Contrary to rectitude, deviating from the ordinary institutions and observances. E. pra reverse and ācāra ordinance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pracara (प्रचर).—[pra-car + a], m. 1. A road. 2. pl. The name of a people, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 44 12 (v. r.).

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Pracāra (प्रचार).—i. e. pra-car + a, m. 1. Proceeding, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 32, 8. 2. Going, [Pañcatantra] 31, 3. 3. Pasture ground, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 219. 4. Conduct, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 153. 5. Appearance, [Prabodhacandrodaya, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 10, 8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pracāra (प्रचार).—[masculine] going forth, coming off, appearing; occurrence, existence; proceeding, behaviour, conduct; use, employment; playor pasture-ground.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pracara (प्रचर):—[=pra-cara] [from pra-car] m. a road, way, path, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] usage, custom, currency, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] going well or widely, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a people, [Rāmāyaṇa] ([varia lectio] praccara and pra-stara).

5) Pracāra (प्रचार):—[=pra-cāra] [from pra-car] m. roaming, wandering, [Harivaṃśa] (cf. bhikṣā-)

6) [v.s. ...] coming forth, showing one’s self, manifestation, appearance, occurrence, existence, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] application, employment, use, [ib.]

8) [v.s. ...] conduct, behaviour, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] prevalence, currency, custom, usage, [Horace H. Wilson]

10) [v.s. ...] a playground, place of exercise, [Harivaṃśa]

11) [v.s. ...] pasture-ground, pasturage, [Manu-smṛti ix, 219] (= [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra xviii, 44], where [Scholiast or Commentator] ‘a way or road leading from or to a house’), [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa]

12) Prācāra (प्राचार):—mfn. (pra-ācāra) contrary to or deviating from ordinary institutes and observances, [Horace H. Wilson]

13) m. a winged ant, [Harivaṃśa] ([varia lectio])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pracara (प्रचर):—[pra-cara] (raḥ) 1. m. A road, a path; usage, currency; going far.

2) Pracāra (प्रचार):—[pra-cāra] (raḥ) 1. m. Going; proclaiming; custom; conduct; currency; pasture ground.

3) Prācāra (प्राचार):—[prā+cāra] (raḥ-rā-raṃ) a. Contrary to rectitude, or institutions.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pracāra (प्रचार) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Pacāra, Payāra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pracara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pracara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pracāra (प्रचार) [Also spelled prachar]:—(nm) propaganda; publicity; currency; prevalence; ~[ka/~karttā] propagator; propagandist; publicist; —[javābī] counter-propaganda; hence ~[ṇa] (nm); —[yuga] age of publicity/propaganda; —[lekha] write-up; —[saṃkhyā] circulation.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pracara (ಪ್ರಚರ):—

1) [noun] the act of going; departure.

2) [noun] a living being (as dif. from non-living beings).

3) [noun] the act or practice of observing or keeping, a law, duty, custom, rule, etc.

4) [noun] a way, path, course.

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Pracāra (ಪ್ರಚಾರ):—

1) [noun] the quality of fact of being everywhere or almost at all places.

2) [noun] a proclaiming or being proclaimed in public; proclamation.

3) [noun] general acceptance; vogue.

4) [noun] a continual passing from hand to hand, as of a medium of exchange; circulation; currency.

5) [noun] a long-established custom or practice that has the effect of an unwritten law; tradition.

6) [noun] the way a person behaves or acts; conduct; manners; behaviour.

7) [noun] the act or an instance of walking, roaming; a wandering.

8) [noun] that what is canvassed; the act of canvassing.

9) [noun] a spreading, as of ideas, customs, religious tenets, etc.; propagation.

10) [noun] the ideas, customs, etc. which are so spread.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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