Prabheda: 19 definitions


Prabheda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Prabhed.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Prabheda (प्रभेद).—Smaller division, sub-division.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Prabheda (प्रभेद):—Cracks

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Prabheda (प्रभेद) refers to the “primary division” (e.g., the chief towns), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 10), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If, while Saturn is in Kṛttikā, Jupiter should be in the constellation of Viśākhā, mankind will then become very wicked. If both the planets should be in one and the same constellation, the chief towns [i.e., pura-prabheda] will suffer. If Saturn should appear variegated in colour, birds will perish; if yellow, there will be fear from hunger; if of blood colour, there will be wars in the land and if of ashy colour, mankind will be very much at strife. If Saturn should appear as bright as the Vaidūrya gem or pure or of the colour of the Bāṇa (a black flower) or Atasī flower, mankind will be happy. Whatever may be the colour of Saturn, the persons who or objects which correspond to the particular colour will suffer”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Prabheda (प्रभेद) refers to a “division” (of a particular school), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “I will tell (you now) about the Northern (tradition) that has authority (in the Tretā Age) at the end of Dvāpara. Along with the Mahānaya division (prabheda) (of the Kaula schools), (the Bhairava of this tradition) is seated on a lotus and a ghost. His form is large and, a hero, he is accompanied by Asitā (the Black One) and is pleasing. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Prabheda in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Prabheda (प्रभेद) refers to “being different (in attributes and actions)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.29 (“Śivā-Śiva dialogue”).—Accordingly, as Śiva said to Pārvatī: “[...] This entire universe has been made of illusion; it is held by the supreme soul with His great intellect. It is united and enveloped by the Gaṇas of the nature of pervading souls of meritorious deeds, akin to the nature of supreme soul. What are these planets? What are these sets of seasons? What are those other planets? O gentle lady, what is said by you, O fair-complexioned one. We two have created the universe different in attributes and actions (guṇakārya-prabheda) for the sake of the devotees and with a disposition favourable to them. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Prabheda (प्रभेद) refers to the “division (of words)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then the Bodhisattva Gaganagañja, having praised the Lord with these verses, addressed himself to the Lord: ‘[...] The Lord, having known the meaning (artha), is skilled in the knowledge of the division of words (pada-prabheda-jñāna). The Lord, having known the proper time, is always free of faulty prediction. The Lord, having known the proper measure, teaches the dharma accordingly to each individual of all living being.[...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Prabheda (प्रभेद, “ten-thousand”) is the fifth of sixty digits (decimal place) in an special enumeration system mentioned by Vasubandhu in his Abhidharmakośa (“treasury of knowledge”). The explanations of the measure of years, eons, and so forth must be comprehended through calculation based on a numerical system. Enumeration begins from one and increases by a factor of ten for each shift in decimal place. The sixtieth number in this series is called “countless”.

Among these decimal positions (e.g., prabheda, “ten-thousand”), the first nine positions from one to one hundred million are called ‘single set enumeration’. From a billion up to, but not including countless is “the enumeration of the great companion” and is called the ‘recurring enumeration’.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prabheda (प्रभेद).—

1) Splitting, cleaving, opening.

2) Division, separation.

3) The flowing of rut or ichor from the temples of an elephant; बभूव तेनातितरां सुदुःसहः कटप्रभेदेन करीव पार्थिवः (babhūva tenātitarāṃ suduḥsahaḥ kaṭaprabhedena karīva pārthivaḥ) R.3.37.

4) Difference, distinction.

5) A kind or sort.

6) The place of origin (as of a river); शोणस्य नर्मदायाश्च प्रभेदे कुरुनन्दन (śoṇasya narmadāyāśca prabhede kurunandana) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.85.9.

Derivable forms: prabhedaḥ (प्रभेदः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Prabheda (प्रभेद).—m., (1) ten thousand: Mahāvyutpatti 7993 (meaning proved by position and Tibetan khri); (2) analysis, solution (of questions): praśna-°da-kuśalaś Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 340.2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prabheda (प्रभेद).—m.

(-daḥ) Kind, sort, difference. 2. Splitting, opening. 3. The flowing of ichor from the temples of an elephant. E. pra before, bheda kind.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prabheda (प्रभेद).—i. e. pra-bhid + a, m. 1. Division, cutting through, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 3, 23. 2. Difference, Bhāṣāp. 51. 3. Kind, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 185, 22.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prabheda (प्रभेद).—[masculine] splitting, division, separation, difference, species, kind.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prabheda (प्रभेद):—[=pra-bheda] [from pra-bhid] a m. splitting, piercing, cutting through, [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata; Raghuvaṃśa]

2) [v.s. ...] the flowing of juice from the temples of an elephant, [Meghadūta]

3) [v.s. ...] division, subdivision, variety, species, kind, sort, [Mahābhārata; Kapila; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi; Suśruta]

4) [=pra-bheda] b See pra-√bhid.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prabheda (प्रभेद):—[pra-bheda] (daḥ) 1. m. Kind; difference.

[Sanskrit to German]

Prabheda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prabheda in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Prabheda (प्रभेद) [Also spelled prabhed]:—(nm) variety; types, kinds.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Prabhēda (ಪ್ರಭೇದ):—

1) [noun] a breaking or being broken.

2) [noun] a distinct kind; a sort; a variety; a class.

3) [noun] a group having characteristics of its own within a species or subspecies; subdivision of a species.

4) [noun] a way or method in which something is done or happens; a mode or fashion of procedure; a manner.

5) [noun] condition, quality, fact or instance of being different; difference.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prabheda in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Prabheda (प्रभेद):—n. 1. difference; distinction; disparity; 2. breaking; splitting; cleaving;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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