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Prāsāda, aka: Prasada, Prasāda; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Prāsāda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

The Sanskrit term Prāsāda can be transliterated into English as Prasada, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Prasāda (प्रसाद, “perspicuity”) refers to one of the ten merits (guṇa) of a dramatic play (kāvya), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 17. They are characterised by their sweetness and depth of meaning.

2) Prasāda (प्रसाद, “gratification”) refers to ‘lucid sense of gratification’ following the subsidence of anger. Prasāda represents one of the fourteen nirvahaṇasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. Nirvahaṇasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the concluding part (nirvahaṇa)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Prasāda (प्रसाद, “perspicuity”).—One of the ten guṇas (merits) of a kāvya (dramatic play);—Description of prasāda: Where the unexpressed word or sense is comprehended through a use of easily understood words and sense, it is an instance of Perspicuity (prasāda).

2) Prasāda (प्रसाद).—One of the fourteen elements of the ‘concluding segment’ (nirvahaṇasandhi);—(Description:) Treating one with waiting upon or the like, is is called Gratification (prasāda).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

about this context:

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Purāṇa

1a) Prasāda (प्रसाद).—Born of Maitrī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 50.

1b) A fruit of prāṇāyāma; control of the five winds by the senses.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 11. 4, 10.

2a) Prāsāda (प्रासाद).—(ety). that which pleases the mind; generally a palace.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 127; 35. 4; 39. 36; 40. 9.

2b) Of Viṣṇu; offering of bali to deities as a preliminary to building; varieties of buildings descrbied—meru, mandara, kailāśa, kumbha, siṃha, mṛga, vimāna, chandaka, catusra, aṣṭāsra, ṣoḍaśāsra, vartula, sarvabhadraka, siṃhāsya, nandana, nandivardhanaka, haṃsa, vṛṣa, suvarṇeśa, padmaka and samudraka; with toraṇas and archways of wood, stone or brick.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 7. 28; Matsya-purāṇa chh. 268-9.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Vāstuśāstra (architecture)

1) Prāsāda (प्रासाद) is a Sanskrit technical term denoting a “residence” in general, according to the lists of synonyms given in the Mayamata XIX.10-12 and the Mānasāra XIX.108-12, both populair treatises on Vāstuśāstra literature.

2) Prāsāda (प्रासाद) is a Sanskrit technical term roughly corresponding to “temple”. It represents the dwelling place, or a residence of God. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra (chapter 49) mentions 64 types of Prāsāda classified under 5 different Vimānas, which represent the aerial cars of the Gods (but also refers to ‘palace’).

The names of the 24 Prāsādas of the Vairāja type (square shaped) of Vimāna are:

  1. Rucaka,
  2. Citrakūṭa,
  3. Siṃhapañjara,
  4. Bhadra,
  5. Śrīkūṭa,
  6. Uṣṇīṣa,
  7. Śālākṣa,
  8. Gajayūthapa,
  9. Nandyāvartta,
  10. Avataṃsāhva,
  11. Svastika,
  12. Kṣitibhūṣaṇa,
  13. Bhūjaya,
  14. Vijaya,
  15. Nandī,
  16. Śrītaru,
  17. Pramadāpriya, 
  18. Vyāmiśra,
  19. Hastijātīya,
  20. Kubera,
  21. Vasudhadhara,
  22. Sarvabhadra,
  23. Vimāna,
  24. Muktakoṇa.

Then follow the names of 4x10 groups of Prāsādas for the Kailāśa (globular), Puṣpaka (square and rectangular or oblong), Maṇika (globular and oblong) and Triviṣṭapa (octangular) type of Vimānas:

  1. Valaya,
  2. Dundubhi,
  3. Prānta,
  4. Padma,
  5. Kānta,
  6. Caturmukha,
  7. Māṇḍuka,
  8. Kūrma,
  9. Tāligṛha,
  10. Ulūpika.
  11. Bhava,
  12. Viśāla,
  13. Sāmmukhya,
  14. Prabhava,
  15. Śivirāgṛha,
  16. Mukhaśāla,
  17. Dviśāla,
  18. Gṛharāja,
  19. Amala,
  20. Vibhu.
  21. Āmoda,
  22. Raitika,
  23. Tuṅga,
  24. Cāru,
  25. Bhūti,
  26. Niṣevaka,
  27. Sadāniṣedha,
  28. Siṃhākhya,
  29. Suprabha,
  30. Locanotsava
  31. Vajraka,
  32. Nandana,
  33. Śaṅku,
  34. Mekhala,
  35. Vāmana,
  36. Laya,
  37. Mahāpadma,
  38. Haṃsa,
  39. Vyomacandra,
  40. Udaya.

Thus totalling to 64 different types of Prāsāda.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Prāsāda (प्रासाद) is defined as the upper storey or storeys of any building. It may be of a temple or a palace or a house. In the context of temple architecture prāsāda refers to the upper storeys or the tower built above the sanctum or the gateway. The towers on the sanctum and gateway are specifically named as vimāna and gopura respectively. Even in Mānasāra (verse 18.2), the tower above the sanctum is referred by the term prāsāda.

The different types of prāsādas mentioned in the Texts:

  1. Vaideha,
  2. Māgadha,
  3. Kaurava,
  4. Kausala,
  5. Śaurasena,
  6. Gāndhāra,
  7. Āvantika,
  8. Vyāmiśra,
  9. Kaliṅga,
  10. Kāśika,
  11. Vairāṭa,
  12. Drāviḍa,
  13. Bāhlika,
  14. Kaulika,
  15. Śauṇḍika,
  16. Pāñcāla,
  17. Lupā,
  18. Kāśmīra,
  19. Gāṅgeya.

It further mentions that the number of faces i.e. sides of a prāsāda possesses can be up to sixty beginning from six.

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD

Prāsāda (प्रासाद):—The word “Prāsāda” has been used to denote temple througout the work. The name Prāsāda has the widest application. The word is unique in this respect that it does not mean a house or something that is uilt like Devāgāra or Vimāna respectively. “It denotes a settling down (pra-sad) and a seat made of that which has settled down and aqcuired concrete form, the form of a dwelling, a residence, the seat of God”. Thus our Śilpa-śāstras do not consider Prāsāda, the Hindu Temple as a congregational structure alone, but the house of the Spirit. Temple is the house of God. God is the Spirit immanent in the Universe and the temple is His abode.

Thus, Prāsāda, the Hindu Temple from this Brāhmaṇic conception is the visible outer casement (body) of the Invisible Brahma (gods and goddesses only an emblem of this Supreme Being). It is according to this fundamental conception that in temple architecture, the various parts of a temple are designated by names which correspond to the names of the various parts of the human body, e.g.

  1. Pādukā,
  2. Pada,
  3. Caraṇa,
  4. Aṅghṛ,
  5. Jaṅghā,
  6. Ūru,
  7. Kaṭi,
  8. Kukṣi,
  9. Parva,
  10. Gala,
  11. Grīvā,
  12. Kandhara,
  13. Kaṇṭha,
  14. Śikhara,
  15. Śiras,
  16. Śīrṣa,
  17. Mūrdhan,
  18. Mastaka,
  19. Mukha,
  20. Vaktra,
  21. Kūṭa,
  22. Karṇa,
  23. Nāsikā,
  24. Śikhā etc.

The popular etymology for the meaning of the word Prāsāda is accepted by the author of the Śilparatna (XVI.1) and he says:—“Prāsādas please by their beauty, the minds of gods and men.”

Source: Digital Library of India: Bharatiya Vastu-sastra volume 1

Prāsāda is defined as the upper storey or storeys of any building. It may be of a temple or a palace or a house. In the context of temple architecture, prāsāda refers to the upper storeys or the tower built above the sanctum or the gateway.

Source: Shodhganga: Development of temple architecture in Southern Karnataka

about this context:

Vāstuśāstra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vastu-shastra) refers to the knowledge of architecture. It is a branch of ancient Indian science dealing with topics such architecture, construction, sculpture and their relation with the cosmic universe.

Āyurveda (science of life)

Prasāda (प्रसाद) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to “essence”. It is used throughout Āyurvedic (India medicine) literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

about this context:

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Hindu science dealing with subjects such as health, medicine, anatomy, etc. and has been in use throughout India since ancient times.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Prāsāda (प्रासाद).—The North Indian temple is still called “palace” (prāsāda), however—a “house” for the god. Architects transformed and compacted the palace into a single symbolic emblem. The totality of the temple’s form can be read as a mountain, altar, flame, puruṣa (cosmic man), whatever one’s metaphysical system wishes to make of it.

Source: Academia.edu: Prāsāda as Palace

Relevant definitions

Search found 255 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Stūpaprāsāda
Stūpaprāsāda (स्तूपप्रासाद):—A Stūpa-prāsāda is a combination of stūpa and terrace pyr...
Prāsādarāja
Prāsādarāja (प्रासादराज) is another name for Meru, which is a Sanskrit technical word referr...
Dvāraprāsāda
Dvāraprāsāda (द्वारप्रासाद) refers to a classification of gopura, which refers to the &ldquo...
Nṛsiṃhaprasāda
Nṛsiṃhaprasāda (नृसिंहप्रसाद):—The Sanskrit name for a work on Dharmaśāstra by the Bra...
Guṇa
Guṇa (गुण).—Vāmana speaks of ten guṇas of word and the same ten guṇas of sense viz. (ojas...
Śikhara
Śikhara (शिखर, “peak”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with a single hand...
Bhava
Bhāva (भाव, “psychological states”, lit. “feelings”).—An anquiry in this connexion is, “Why are...
Kailāśa
1) Kailāsa (कैलास) is the name of a mountain situated at lake Mānasa and mount Gandhamādana,...
Vijaya
1a) Vijayā  (विजया) is the mother of Ajita, the second of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Jani...
Vimāna
Vimāna (विमान) refers to the “celestial car”; it is a Sanskrit technical term de...
Gāndhāra
1) Gāndhāra (गान्धार) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to a variety of prāsāda (upper ...
Padma
Padma (पद्म).—One of the eight kulas (‘families’) of nāgas mentioned by Soḍḍhala in his Udayasu...
Haṃsa
Haṃsā (हंसा) is the name of a river mentioned in a list of rivers, flowing from the five gre...
Vajra
Vajra (वज्र).—One of the twelve elements of the ‘progression segment’ (pratimukhasandhi);—(Desc...
Svastika
Svastika (स्वस्तिक).—One of the eight providential symbols, or, aṣṭamaṅgala.—Svastika at t...

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Search found 122 books containing Prāsāda, Prasada or Prasāda. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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