Portrait: 2 definitions

Introduction:

Portrait means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (shilpa)

Portraits in ancient Indian Painting (citra), have been elaborately discussed in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy. In the third part of the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, nine chapters i.e., chapters from 35th to 43rd are dedicated to Painting where portraits of different kinds of men and women, natural objects and phenomena, different kinds of places, symbolization in Painting, personification in Painting etc. have been elaborately discussed. In the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, a specific measurement of every limb of a man as well as of a woman is elaborately and systematically discussed.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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India history and geography

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha (history)

Portraits in ancient India were commonly painted according to the rules of Citrasūtra, as vividly depicted in the Kathās (narrative poems) such as Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry).—Page 233.7: There is a mention of a young painter bringing a cloth-painting on which was depicted the portrait of the daughter of the king of Ujjayinī. The painting was marked with the purity of lines, richness of colours, according to different compositions, beautiful stripling or seedling to show the effect of surroundings or high and low surfaces and right measurements and representation of different lines of painting like sādṛśya. [...]

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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