Plihodara, Plīhodara, Pliha-udara: 5 definitions

Introduction:

Plihodara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Plihodara in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Plīhodara (प्लीहोदर) refers to “enlargement of spleen” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning plīhodara] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Plīhodara (प्लीहोदर) refers to “enlargement of spleen” and, together with Jakṛdudara, represents one of the eight types of udararoga (“diseases affecting the belly”) according to the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 6). Accordingly, “Plihodara or enlargement of spleen is due to the blood and phlegm turning impure, on account of eating food-stuff which is classed as bidahi and increaser of kapha. Yakridudara or enlargement of the liver is also due to the same cause, as stated above. In these two kinds of udara-rogis, an abnormal excess of vayu causes udabarta, pain, and anaha, an excess of pitta causes loss of consciousness, thirst, sensation of heat, and fever; and an excess of kapha gives rise to heaviness of the limbs, aversion to food, and stiffness of the belly”.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Plihodara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Plīhodara (प्लीहोदर):—[from plīha > plih] n. disease of the spleen, [Suśruta]

[Sanskrit to German]

Plihodara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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