Plihan, Plīhan: 9 definitions
Plihan means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Plīhan (प्लीहन्, “spleen ”) (Pali, Pihaka) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., plīhan]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
Plīhan (प्लीहन्).—m. The spleen or its enlargement (plihan also); Y.3.94; Mv.5.19.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-hā) The spleen: see plīhan .
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(-hā) The spleen; the organ or the disease of it, as in English; in the latter sense, however, it is equally applied to the enlargement of the mesenteric glands, &c. E. plih to increase, Unadi aff. kanin, and the vowel made long; otherwise being plihan; and with ka and ṭāp affs., and the vowel long or short plihā or plīhā .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Plihan (प्लिहन्).—plīhan, m., and plīhā plīhā (ŚKd.), f. 1. The spleen, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 3, 94 (ī). 2. Its disease.
— Cf. probably [Latin] lien.
Plihan can also be spelled as Plīhan (प्लीहन्).
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Plīhan (प्लीहन्).— and plīhā plīhā, see plihan.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Plihan (प्लिहन्).—[masculine] plīhā [feminine] the spleen.
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Plīhan (प्लीहन्).—[masculine] plīhā [feminine] the spleen.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Plihan (प्लिहन्):—[from plih] m. = plīhan, the spleen, [Yājñavalkya iii, 94.]
2) Plīhan (प्लीहन्):—[from plih] m. the spleen (from which and from the liver the Hindūs suppose the blood to flow), [Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Suśruta]
3) [v.s. ...] disease of the spleen (said to be equally applied to enlargement of the mesenteric glands etc.), [Suśruta]
4) [v.s. ...] [Orig. splīhan; cf. [Greek] σπλήν, σπλάγχνον; [Latin] lien for splihen; [Slavonic or Slavonian] slezena for spleśena; [English] spleen.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Plihan (प्लिहन्):—(hā) 5. m. The spleen.
2) Plīhan (प्लीहन्):—(hā) 5. m. The spleen.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Plihantaka, Plihaudara, Plihaudarin, Plihori.
Full-text: Pliha, Plihakarna, Pihaka, Plihari, Plihaghna, Plihaudarin, Plihashatru, Plihodara, Plihaudara, Plihori, Shigru, Dimba.
Search found 2 books and stories containing Plihan, Plīhan; (plurals include: Plihans, Plīhans). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 3 - Thirty-two substances of the human body < [Chapter XXXII-XXXIV - The eight classes of supplementary dharmas]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 3 - Organs in the Atharva-veda and Āyurveda < [Chapter XIII - Speculations in the Medical Schools]