Plihan, Plīhan: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Plihan means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Plīhan (प्लीहन्, “spleen ”) (Pali, Pihaka) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., plīhan]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Plīhan (प्लीहन्).—m. The spleen or its enlargement (plihan also); Y.3.94; Mv.5.19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Plihan (प्लिहन्).—m.

(-hā) The spleen: see plīhan .

--- OR ---

Plīhan (प्लीहन्).—m.

(-hā) The spleen; the organ or the disease of it, as in English; in the latter sense, however, it is equally applied to the enlargement of the mesenteric glands, &c. E. plih to increase, Unadi aff. kanin, and the vowel made long; otherwise being plihan; and with ka and ṭāp affs., and the vowel long or short plihā or plīhā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Plihan (प्लिहन्).—plīhan, m., and plīhā plīhā (ŚKd.), f. 1. The spleen, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 3, 94 (ī). 2. Its disease.

— Cf. probably [Latin] lien.

Plihan can also be spelled as Plīhan (प्लीहन्).

--- OR ---

Plīhan (प्लीहन्).— and plīhā plīhā, see plihan.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Plihan (प्लिहन्).—[masculine] plīhā [feminine] the spleen.

--- OR ---

Plīhan (प्लीहन्).—[masculine] plīhā [feminine] the spleen.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Plihan (प्लिहन्):—[from plih] m. = plīhan, the spleen, [Yājñavalkya iii, 94.]

2) Plīhan (प्लीहन्):—[from plih] m. the spleen (from which and from the liver the Hindūs suppose the blood to flow), [Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] disease of the spleen (said to be equally applied to enlargement of the mesenteric glands etc.), [Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] [Orig. splīhan; cf. [Greek] σπλήν, σπλάγχνον; [Latin] lien for splihen; [Slavonic or Slavonian] slezena for spleśena; [English] spleen.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Plihan (प्लिहन्):—(hā) 5. m. The spleen.

2) Plīhan (प्लीहन्):—(hā) 5. m. The spleen.

[Sanskrit to German]

Plihan in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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