Pliha, Plīhā: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Pliha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Plīhā (प्लीहा, “spleen”) is the seat of blood where red blood cells etc., are produced. It enlarges in the diseases causing loss of blood.

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Plīha (प्लीह) refers to “splenomegaly”, as mentioned in verse 5.33-34 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Buttermilk (is) light, astringent, sour, (and) digestive; (it is) destructive of phlegm and wind (and) destroys cutaneous and abdominal swellings, hemorrhoids, dysentery, retention of urine, anorexia, splenomegaly [viz., plīha], visceral induration, ghee(-caused) diseases, factitious poison, and jaundice”.

Note: Plīha (“splenomegaly”) has been reproduced by mcher-pa, which is its usual correspondent, the equation in Mahāvyutpatti 4020/21 of yakṛt (“liver”) with mcher-pa and of plīha “milt” with mchin-pa being due to a confusion.

Source: Research Gate: Internal applications of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox wall)

Plīhā (प्लीहा) refers to “splenic disorders”. Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categorized as sthāvara-viṣa (vegetable poisons), has been extensively used in ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Vaidyavallabha: An Authoritative Work on Ayurveda Therapeutics

Plīha (प्लीह) refers to “splenic disorders”, and is dealt with in the 17th-century Vaidyavallabha (chapter 6) written by Hastiruci.—The Vaidyavallabha is a work which deals with the treatment and useful for all 8 branches of Ayurveda. The text Vaidyavallabha has been designed based on the need of the period of the author, availability of drugs during that time, disease (viz., plīha) manifesting in that era, socio-economical-cultural-familial-spiritual-aspects of that period Vaidyavallabha.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

plīhā (प्लीहा).—m S The spleen,--the organ, or the disease of it, as in English. The term is applied also to express Enlargement of the mesenteric glands.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

plīhā (प्लीहा).—m The spleen. The enlargement of the spleen.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Plīhā (प्लीहा).—The spleen.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Plīha (प्लीह).—m. (= Sanskrit plīhan), spleen: °haḥ Mahāvyutpatti 4021 = Tibetan mchin pa, according to Jäschke (Tibetan-English Dictionary) liver; Chin. also liver.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Plihā (प्लिहा).—f.

(-hā) The spleen: see plīhan .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Plīha (प्लीह):—[from plih] in [compound] for plīhan.

2) Plīhā (प्लीहा):—[from plih] f. = plīhan, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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