Plavanga, Plavaṅga, Plavamga: 13 definitions


Plavanga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Plavaṅga (प्लवङ्ग) is another name name for Pravaṅga, a country pertaining to the Oḍramāgadhī local usage (pravṛtti) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 14. It can also be spelled as Plavaṃga (प्लवंग). These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world. It is mentioned that this local usage (adopted by these countries) depends on the verbal style (bhāratī) and the graceful style (kaiśikī).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Plavaṅga (प्लवङ्ग) refers to the forty-first of the sixty-year cycle of Jupiter, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The first year of the ninth yuga is Plavaṅga, the next year is known as Kīlaka, the third is known as Saumya and the last two years are known as Sādhāraṇa and Rodhakṛt respectively; of these, during the years Kīlaka and Saumya mankind will be happy. In the year Plavaṅga mankind will suffer much; in Sādhāraṇa there will be slight rain and crops will suffer; in the fifth year there will be a variety of rainfall and crops will thrive”.

Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas

Plavaṅga (प्लवङ्ग) refers to the forty-first saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—The native who is born in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘plavanga’ is volatile or of restless mind, does not have a desire to do good deeds, is deceitful, devoid of good conduct, thoughtless and has a weak body.

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year plavanga (2027-2028 AD) will be lustful, fond of relatives, evincing a partiality for children and slow-witted.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Plavanga (प्लवन्ग) is the forty-first of sixty years (saṃvatsara) in the Vedic lunar calendar according to the Arcana-dīpikā by Vāmana Mahārāja (cf. Appendix).—Accordingl, There are sixty different names for each year in the Vedic lunar calendar, which begins on the new moon day (Amāvasyā) after the appearance day of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu (Gaura-pūrṇimā), in February or March. The Vedic year [viz., Plavanga], therefore, does not correspond exactly with the Christian solar calendar year.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Plavaṅga (प्लवङ्ग) refers to the Slow loris (Nycticebus coucang), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Plavanga [प्लवंग] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Ficus arnottiana (Miq.) Miq. from the Moraceae (Mulberry) family having the following synonyms: Urostigma arnottiana. For the possible medicinal usage of plavanga, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

plavaṅga (प्लवंग).—m S plavaṅgama m S A monkey. Ex. ānandēṃ nā- cati plavaṅgama ||. 2 A frog.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

plavaṅga (प्लवंग).—m plavaṅgama m A monkey. A frog.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Plavaṅga (प्लवङ्ग).—

1) An ape, a monkey.

2) A deer.

3) The fig-tree.

4) Name of a संवत्सर (saṃvatsara).

Derivable forms: plavaṅgaḥ (प्लवङ्गः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Plavaṅga (प्लवङ्ग).—m.

(-ṅgaḥ) 1. A monkey. 2. A deer. E. plava leaping, gam to go, aff. khac with the power of ḍa, whence the nasal is inserted, and final syllable rejected; also plava, plavaga, and plavaṅgama .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Plavaṅga (प्लवङ्ग):—[plava-ṅga] (ṅgaḥ) 1. m. A monkey; a deer.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Plavaṅga (प्लवङ्ग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pavaṃga.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Plavaṃga (ಪ್ಲವಂಗ):—

1) [noun] a monkey.

2) [noun] a frog.

3) [noun] a kind of deer.

4) [noun] the fig tree Ficus carica of Moraceae family.

5) [noun] its fruit.

6) [noun] the forty fifth year in the Hindu cycle of sixty years.

7) [noun] a horse.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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