Pivara, Pīvara, Pīvarā: 9 definitions

Introduction

Pivara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Pīvara (पीवर).—One of the seven sons of Dyutimān, who was a son of Priyavrata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Priyavrata was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Pīvara (पीवर).—A Vāsiṣṭha and one of the seven sages of Tāmasa Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 48; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 18.

1b) A son of Dyutimān; after his name a Janapada Pīvaram in the Krauñcadvīpa*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 21, 22; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 48.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Pīvarā (पीवरा), daughter of Huhu, is one of the twelve female friends of Mahallikā: daughter of Prahlāda, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 45. Accordingly, as Mahallikā said to Sūryaprabha: “... my female friends are not only two, but twelve in number, and my father’s brother carried them off from Indra’s heaven... The eighth is by name Pīvarā, the daughter of the Gandharva Huhu... They [eg., Pīvarā] are all heavenly nymphs, born from Apsarases, and when I was married they were taken to the first underworld, and I must bestow them on you, in order that I may be always with them”.

The story of Pīvarā and Mahallikā was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Pīvarā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Pīvarā (पीवरा) is another name for Aśvagandhā, a medicinal plant identified with Withania somnifera Dunal. (“Indian ginseng” or “Winter Cherry”) from the Solanaceae or Nightshade family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.109-112 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Pīvarā and Aśvagandhā, there are a total of twenty-two Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pīvara (पीवर).—a. Fat, corpulent.

See also (synonyms): pīva, pīvasa.

--- OR ---

Pīvara (पीवर).—a. (-rā, -rī f.) प्यै-प्वरच् संप्र° दीर्घः (pyai-pvarac saṃpra° dīrghaḥ)]

1) Fat, large, stout, fleshy, corpulent; नितान्तपीवरं तदीयमानील- मुखं स्तनद्वयम् (nitāntapīvaraṃ tadīyamānīla- mukhaṃ stanadvayam) R.3.8;5.65;19.32.

2) Plump, thick.

-raḥ A tortoise.

-rī 1 A young woman.

2) A cow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pīvara (पीवर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-rī-raṃ) Fat large. f. (-rā-rī) A plant, (Asparagus racemosus.) f. (-rī) 1. A young woman. 2. A cow. m.

(-raḥ) A tortoise. E. pyai to increase, Unadi aff. ṣvarac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pīvara (पीवर).—i. e. pīvan + a, with r instead of n. adj., f. and . 1. Fat, large, Mahābhārata 5, 5437. 2. Dense, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 186, 14.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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