Piti, Pīti, Piṭi, Pīṭi: 17 definitions


Piti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Images (photo gallery)

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist TermsRapture; bliss; delight. In meditation, a pleasurable quality in the mind that reaches full maturity upon the development of the second level of jhana.Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

M Joy, enthusiasm. Sensation of physical and mental lightness given by the purity of consciousness.

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

One of the Pakinnaka cetasikas. Piti is likeness. It helps citta like the object. Piti also energizes citta. In the presence of piti, citta and accompanying cetasikas become less tired and they become inexhaustible and can work much more effectively than without piti as they are stick to the object as they like it. There are different degrees of piti. Somanassa is associated with piti.

Source: Dhamma Study: Cetasikas

enthusiasm; happiness (Visuddhimagga (IV, 100));

Its function is to refresh the body and the mind; or its function is to pervade (thrill with rapture). It is manifested as elation.

Piti is not the same as pleasant feeling, its characteristic and function are different. Piti does not feel, its characteristic issatisfaction and its function is refreshing or invigorating body and mind

Piti takes an interest in the object which citta cognizes and which is also experienced by the accompanying cetasikas. It is satisfied, delighted with the object and it "refreshes" citta and the accompanying cetasikas. (The Atthasalini ( I, Part lV, Chapter 1, 115))

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

Pīti (“interest”); cf. Tab. II.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

rapture, enthusiasm (rendered also by joy, happiness); interest it is one of the mental factors or concomitants (cetasika) and belongs to the group of mental formations (sankhāra-kkhandha). As, in sutta texts, it is often linked in a compound word. with 'gladness' (pāmojja) or 'happiness' (sukha), some Western translations have wrongly taken it as a synonym of these two terms. Pīti, however, is not a feeling or a sensation, and hence does not belong to the feeling-group (vedanā-kkhandha), but may be described psychologically as 'joyful interest'. As such it may be associated with wholesome as well as with unwholesome and neutral states of consciousness.

A high degree of rapture is characteristic of certain stages in meditative concentration, in insight practice (vipassanā) as well as in the first two absorptions (jhāna, q.v.). In the latter it appears as one of the factors of absorption (jhānanga; s. jhāna) and is strongest in the 2nd absorption.

Five degrees of intensity in meditative rapture are described in Vis.M. IV. 94ff.

It is one of the factors of enlightenment (bojjhanga, q.v.).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Discover the meaning of piti in the context of Theravada from relevant books on Exotic India

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Piti in India is the name of a plant defined with Elettaria cardamomum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Amomum racemosum Lam. (among others).

2) Piti is also identified with Schumannianthus dichotomus It has the synonym Phrynium dichotomum Roxb. (etc.).

3) Piti in Mexico is also identified with Mentha spicata It has the synonym Mentha spicata L. var. longifolia L. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Thaiszia (1997)
· Enumeratio Plantarum Horti regii berolinensis: ... Supplementum (1814)
· Cytologia (1981)
· Transactions of the Horticultural Society of London (1812)
· Jahrbücher der Gewächskunde (1972)
· Revue de Cytologie et de Biologie Végétales, le Botaniste (1981)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Piti, for example extract dosage, health benefits, chemical composition, diet and recipes, side effects, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

Discover the meaning of piti in the context of Biology from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pīti : (f.) joy; delight; emotion.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Pīti, (f.) (cp. Class. Sk. prīti & Vedic prīta pp. of prī, see pīneti & piya) emotion of joy, delight, zest, exuberance. On term see Dhs. trsl. 11 and Cpd. 243. Classed under saṅkhārakkhandha, not vedanā°.—D. I, 37, 75; III, 241, 265, 288; M. I, 37; S. II, 30; IV, 236; A. III, 26, 285 sq.; IV, 411, 450; V, 1 sq. , 135, 311 sq. , 333 sq.; Sn. 257, 687, 695, 969, 1143 (=Bhagavantaṃ ārabbha p. pāmujjaṃ modanā pamodanā citti-odagyaṃ etc. Nd2 446); Nd1 3, 491; Pug. 68; Dhs. 9, 62, 86, 172, 584, 999; Nett 29; Vism. 145 (& sukha in contrasted relation), 212, 287 (in detail); DA. I, 53 (characterised by ānanda); DhA. I, 32; Sdhp. 247, 461. On relation to jhāna see the latter. In series pīti passaddhi samādhi upekkhā under sambojjhaṅga (with eleven means of cultivation: see Vism. 132 & VbhA. 282).—Phrase pītiyā sarīraṃ pharati “to pervade or thrill the body with joy” (aor. phari), at J. I, 33; V, 494; DhA. II, 118; IV, 102; all passages refer to pīti as the fivefold pīti, pañcavaṇṇā pīti, or joy of the 5 grades (see Dhs. trsl. 11, 12, and Cpd. 56), viz. khuddikā (slight sense of interest), khaṇikā (momentary joy), okkantikā (oscillating interest, flood of joy), ubbegā (ecstasy, thrilling emotion), and pharaṇā pīti (interest amounting to rapture, suffusing joy). Thus given at DhsA. 115 & Vism. 143, referred to at DhsA. 166.—pīti as nirāmisa (pure) and sāmisa (material) at M. III, 85; S. IV, 235.—gamanīya pleasant or enjoyable to walk M. I, 117.—pāmojja joy and gladness A. III, 181. 307 (°pāmujja); Dh. 374; DhA. IV, 110; KhA 82.—pharaṇatā state of being pervaded with joy, joyous rapture, ecstasy D. III, 277; Ps. I, 48; Vbh. 334; Nett 89.—bhakkha feeding on joy (Ep. of the Ābhassara Devas) D. I, 17; III, 28, 84, 90; A. V, 60; Dh. 200; A. I, 110; DhA. III, 258; Sdhp. 255.—mana joyful-hearted, exhilarated, glad of heart or mind M. I, 37; III, 86; S. I, 181; A. III, 21; V, 3; Sn. 766; Nd1 3; J. III, 411; Vbh. 227.—rasa taste or emotion of joy VvA. 86.—sambojjhaṅga the joy-constituent of enlightenment M. III, 86; D. III, 106, 226, 252, 282. Eleven results of such a state are enumd at DhsA. 75, viz. the 6 anussatis, upam’ânussati, lūkhapuggalaparivajjanatā, siniddha-pug. -sevanatā, pasādanīyasuttanta-paccavekkhaṇatā, tadadhimuttatā (cp. Vism. 132 & VbhA. 282).—sahagata followed or accompanied by joy, bringing joy Dhs. 1578 (dhammā, various things or states); Vism. 86 (samādhi).—sukha zest and happiness, intrinsic joy (cp. Cpd. 56, 243) S. I, 203; D. III, 131, 222; Dhs. 160; Vism. 158; ThA. 160. According to DhsA. 166 “rapture and bliss, ” cp. Expositor 222.—somanassa joy and satisfaction J. V, 371; Sn. 512; PvA. 6, 27, 132. (Page 462)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of piti in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pīti (पीति).—A horse. -f.

1) Draught, drinking.

2) A tavern.

3) The proboscis of an elephant.

4) Going.

5) Protection (Ved).

Derivable forms: pītiḥ (पीतिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pīti (पीति).—m.

(-tiḥ) A horse. f.

(-tiḥ) 1. Drinking. 2. A dram shop. 3. The Proboscis of an elephant. E. to drink, aff. ktic or ktin .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pīti (पीति).—i. e. 1. pā + ti, f. Drinking, a drink.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pīti (पीति).—[feminine] drinking; drink, beverage.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pīti (पीति):—[from pīta] 1. pīti f. drinking (with [accusative] or [genitive case]), a draught, [Ṛg-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] a tavern, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a horse, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) 2. pīti f. (√3. ; for 1. See p.629) protection (See nṛ-p).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pīti (पीति):—(tiḥ) 2. m. A horse. f. Drinking; a dram-shop.

[Sanskrit to German]

Piti in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of piti in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: