Piti, Pīti: 13 definitions

Introduction

Piti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist TermsRapture; bliss; delight. In meditation, a pleasurable quality in the mind that reaches full maturity upon the development of the second level of jhana.Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

M Joy, enthusiasm. Sensation of physical and mental lightness given by the purity of consciousness.

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

One of the Pakinnaka cetasikas. Piti is likeness. It helps citta like the object. Piti also energizes citta. In the presence of piti, citta and accompanying cetasikas become less tired and they become inexhaustible and can work much more effectively than without piti as they are stick to the object as they like it. There are different degrees of piti. Somanassa is associated with piti.

Source: Dhamma Study: Cetasikas

enthusiasm; happiness (Visuddhimagga (IV, 100));

Its function is to refresh the body and the mind; or its function is to pervade (thrill with rapture). It is manifested as elation.

Piti is not the same as pleasant feeling, its characteristic and function are different. Piti does not feel, its characteristic issatisfaction and its function is refreshing or invigorating body and mind

Piti takes an interest in the object which citta cognizes and which is also experienced by the accompanying cetasikas. It is satisfied, delighted with the object and it "refreshes" citta and the accompanying cetasikas. (The Atthasalini ( I, Part lV, Chapter 1, 115))

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

Pīti (“interest”); cf. Tab. II.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

rapture, enthusiasm (rendered also by joy, happiness); interest it is one of the mental factors or concomitants (cetasika) and belongs to the group of mental formations (sankhāra-kkhandha). As, in sutta texts, it is often linked in a compound word. with 'gladness' (pāmojja) or 'happiness' (sukha), some Western translations have wrongly taken it as a synonym of these two terms. Pīti, however, is not a feeling or a sensation, and hence does not belong to the feeling-group (vedanā-kkhandha), but may be described psychologically as 'joyful interest'. As such it may be associated with wholesome as well as with unwholesome and neutral states of consciousness.

A high degree of rapture is characteristic of certain stages in meditative concentration, in insight practice (vipassanā) as well as in the first two absorptions (jhāna, q.v.). In the latter it appears as one of the factors of absorption (jhānanga; s. jhāna) and is strongest in the 2nd absorption.

Five degrees of intensity in meditative rapture are described in Vis.M. IV. 94ff.

It is one of the factors of enlightenment (bojjhanga, q.v.).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pīti : (f.) joy; delight; emotion.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Pīti, (f.) (cp. Class. Sk. prīti & Vedic prīta pp. of prī, see pīneti & piya) emotion of joy, delight, zest, exuberance. On term see Dhs. trsl. 11 and Cpd. 243. Classed under saṅkhārakkhandha, not vedanā°.—D. I, 37, 75; III, 241, 265, 288; M. I, 37; S. II, 30; IV, 236; A. III, 26, 285 sq.; IV, 411, 450; V, 1 sq. , 135, 311 sq. , 333 sq.; Sn. 257, 687, 695, 969, 1143 (=Bhagavantaṃ ārabbha p. pāmujjaṃ modanā pamodanā citti-odagyaṃ etc. Nd2 446); Nd1 3, 491; Pug. 68; Dhs. 9, 62, 86, 172, 584, 999; Nett 29; Vism. 145 (& sukha in contrasted relation), 212, 287 (in detail); DA. I, 53 (characterised by ānanda); DhA. I, 32; Sdhp. 247, 461. On relation to jhāna see the latter. In series pīti passaddhi samādhi upekkhā under sambojjhaṅga (with eleven means of cultivation: see Vism. 132 & VbhA. 282).—Phrase pītiyā sarīraṃ pharati “to pervade or thrill the body with joy” (aor. phari), at J. I, 33; V, 494; DhA. II, 118; IV, 102; all passages refer to pīti as the fivefold pīti, pañcavaṇṇā pīti, or joy of the 5 grades (see Dhs. trsl. 11, 12, and Cpd. 56), viz. khuddikā (slight sense of interest), khaṇikā (momentary joy), okkantikā (oscillating interest, flood of joy), ubbegā (ecstasy, thrilling emotion), and pharaṇā pīti (interest amounting to rapture, suffusing joy). Thus given at DhsA. 115 & Vism. 143, referred to at DhsA. 166.—pīti as nirāmisa (pure) and sāmisa (material) at M. III, 85; S. IV, 235.—gamanīya pleasant or enjoyable to walk M. I, 117.—pāmojja joy and gladness A. III, 181. 307 (°pāmujja); Dh. 374; DhA. IV, 110; KhA 82.—pharaṇatā state of being pervaded with joy, joyous rapture, ecstasy D. III, 277; Ps. I, 48; Vbh. 334; Nett 89.—bhakkha feeding on joy (Ep. of the Ābhassara Devas) D. I, 17; III, 28, 84, 90; A. V, 60; Dh. 200; A. I, 110; DhA. III, 258; Sdhp. 255.—mana joyful-hearted, exhilarated, glad of heart or mind M. I, 37; III, 86; S. I, 181; A. III, 21; V, 3; Sn. 766; Nd1 3; J. III, 411; Vbh. 227.—rasa taste or emotion of joy VvA. 86.—sambojjhaṅga the joy-constituent of enlightenment M. III, 86; D. III, 106, 226, 252, 282. Eleven results of such a state are enumd at DhsA. 75, viz. the 6 anussatis, upam’ânussati, lūkhapuggalaparivajjanatā, siniddha-pug. -sevanatā, pasādanīyasuttanta-paccavekkhaṇatā, tadadhimuttatā (cp. Vism. 132 & VbhA. 282).—sahagata followed or accompanied by joy, bringing joy Dhs. 1578 (dhammā, various things or states); Vism. 86 (samādhi).—sukha zest and happiness, intrinsic joy (cp. Cpd. 56, 243) S. I, 203; D. III, 131, 222; Dhs. 160; Vism. 158; ThA. 160. According to DhsA. 166 “rapture and bliss, ” cp. Expositor 222.—somanassa joy and satisfaction J. V, 371; Sn. 512; PvA. 6, 27, 132. (Page 462)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pīti (पीति).—A horse. -f.

1) Draught, drinking.

2) A tavern.

3) The proboscis of an elephant.

4) Going.

5) Protection (Ved).

Derivable forms: pītiḥ (पीतिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pīti (पीति).—m.

(-tiḥ) A horse. f.

(-tiḥ) 1. Drinking. 2. A dram shop. 3. The Proboscis of an elephant. E. to drink, aff. ktic or ktin .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pīti (पीति):—[from pīta] 1. pīti f. drinking (with [accusative] or [genitive case]), a draught, [Ṛg-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] a tavern, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a horse, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) 2. pīti f. (√3. ; for 1. See p.629) protection (See nṛ-p).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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