Pindika, Piṇḍika, Piṇḍikā: 9 definitions



Pindika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Piṇḍikā (पिण्डिका).—A stool to install idols. The length of this stool should be equal to that of the idol. The breadth should be its half and the thickness equal to that is the breadth. The exact place where the idol is fixed of called Mekhalā and the hole in the mekhalā should slightly slant towards the north. The pipe (exithole for the water to flow out) called Praṇāla should be as wide as a fourth part of the area of the pīṭha. For a praṇāla of a Śiva temple the length of the same should be half of that of the Piṇḍikā.

The sanctum sanctorum of the temple should be divided into seven divisions and the Piṇḍikā should be fixed by a learned priest in the Brāhmabhāga of the garbhagṛha (sanctum sanctorum). (Chapters 50 and 60, Agni Purāṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Piṇḍikā (पिण्डिका).—Of an image, to be purified with Pañcagavya.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 266. 6.
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Piṇḍikā (पिण्डिका) refers to the “pedestal” of a liṅga. It is also known as pīṭha. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Piṇḍika (पिण्डिक) refers to the “(muscles of the) calf”, mentioned in verse 4.2-4 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “(By the stoppage) of feces (are) said (to be caused) cramps in the calf [viz., piṇḍika-udveṣṭa], catarrh, headache, upward wind, colic, heart-trouble, outflow of stool through the mouth, and the above-named diseases”.

Note: An exceptional position is held by piṇḍika-udveṣṭa (“cramps in the calf”), which has not only been verbalized but paraphrased as well: byin-pai ña ’gyur (“the muscles of the calf are (morbidly) altered”).

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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Pindika in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Piṇḍika, (-°) in chatta°-vivara is a little doubtful, the phrase prob. means “a crevice in the covering (i.e. the round mass) of the canopy or sunshade” J. VI, 376. ‹-› Dutoit (J. trsln VI, 457) translates “opening at the back of the sunshade, ” thus evidently reading “piṭṭhika. ” (Page 458)

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Piṇḍikā (पिण्डिका).—

1) A round or fleshy swelling.

2) The calf of the leg &c.; विकटोद्बद्धपिण्डिकम् (vikaṭodbaddhapiṇḍikam) Mb.1.155.33.

3) The region of the cheeks (gaṇḍasthala); भिन्नमस्तकपिण्डिकाः (bhinnamastakapiṇḍikāḥ) Mb.7. 116.25; see पिण्डि (piṇḍi) above.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Piṇḍikā (पिण्डिका).—(see s.v. piṇḍakā; recorded in late Sanskrit, see Schmidt, Nachträge, defined Opferkloss), (alms-)food: Divyāvadāna 88.8, 11, 19, 23, 27; 89.4 (but in 89.1 note piṇḍakaḥ, m., as in Sanskrit); Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.86.12 ff. (always this, never °akā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Piṇḍikā (पिण्डिका).—f.

(-kā) 1. The nave of a wheel. 2. The instep. 3. A stool or seat of various shapes and dimensions. E. piṇḍī as above, and kan added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Piṇḍikā (पिण्डिका):—[from piṇḍaka > piṇḍ] a f. a globular fleshy swelling (in the shoulders, arms, legs, etc.; [especially] the calf of the leg), [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a base or pedestal for the image of a deity or for a Liṅga, [Varāha-mihira; Kādambarī; Agni-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] a bench for lying on [Caraka]

4) [v.s. ...] the nave of a wheel, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a species of musk, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Piṇḍika (पिण्डिक):—[from piṇḍ] n. the penis, [Liṅga-purāṇa]

7) Piṇḍikā (पिण्डिका):—[from piṇḍika > piṇḍ] b f. See piṇḍaka.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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