Pindika, Piṇḍika, Piṇḍikā, Pimdika: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Pindika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Piṇḍikā (पिण्डिका).—A stool to install idols. The length of this stool should be equal to that of the idol. The breadth should be its half and the thickness equal to that is the breadth. The exact place where the idol is fixed of called Mekhalā and the hole in the mekhalā should slightly slant towards the north. The pipe (exithole for the water to flow out) called Praṇāla should be as wide as a fourth part of the area of the pīṭha. For a praṇāla of a Śiva temple the length of the same should be half of that of the Piṇḍikā.

The sanctum sanctorum of the temple should be divided into seven divisions and the Piṇḍikā should be fixed by a learned priest in the Brāhmabhāga of the garbhagṛha (sanctum sanctorum). (Chapters 50 and 60, Agni Purāṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Piṇḍikā (पिण्डिका).—Of an image, to be purified with Pañcagavya.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 266. 6.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Piṇḍikā (पिण्डिका) refers to the “pedestal” of a liṅga. It is also known as pīṭha. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Piṇḍika (पिण्डिक) refers to the “(muscles of the) calf”, mentioned in verse 4.2-4 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “(By the stoppage) of feces (are) said (to be caused) cramps in the calf [viz., piṇḍika-udveṣṭa], catarrh, headache, upward wind, colic, heart-trouble, outflow of stool through the mouth, and the above-named diseases”.

Note: An exceptional position is held by piṇḍika-udveṣṭa (“cramps in the calf”), which has not only been verbalized but paraphrased as well: byin-pai ña ’gyur (“the muscles of the calf are (morbidly) altered”).

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Piṇḍikā (पिण्डिका):—Calf. The fleshy muscular back part of the leg below the knee.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Piṇḍikā (पिण्डिका) is another name for Śvetāmlī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.175 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Piṇḍikā and Śvetāmlī, there are a total of four Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant. Note: See also Nīlāmlī.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Piṇḍikā (पिण्डिका) refers to “pedestal §§ 4.7, 28; 5.3.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Piṇḍikā (पिण्डिका) refers to the “triangular pedestal” (of the supreme Liṅga), according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] Listen, O dear one, to the foundation of the Liṅga of the venerable god Kuleśvara. Again, it is said that there is a circle in the middle of the square. There (in the circle) is the triple cavity in the form of an enclosure (as well as) the triangular pedestal (piṇḍikā) of the supreme Liṅga. O great mother! (The pedestal) is the Yoni of the universe. It possesses four energies, four sacred seats and four Siddhas and bestows the fruit of the accomplishment of knowledge”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Pindika in Kavya glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Piṇḍikā (पिण्डिका) refers to the “mound (of the seat) (of the Goddess)”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 225-226).—Accordingly, while describing the shire of the Goddess Caṇḍikā, “[Then follows the image of the Goddess Caṇḍikā, which matches the conception of Kālarātri in the passage from the Mahābhārata:] Her feet were never bereft of cloths [dyed with] red lac thrown upon the mound of her seat [on the altar] (piṇḍikā-pīṭha-pātin) as if they were the lives of all creatures arrived there for shelter; she resembled an inhabitant of the Underworld because of the intense darkness obstructed [only] by the flashes from axes, spears, etc., weapons deadly for beings, that seemed to hold nets of hair stuck from decapitations because of the reflections of black yak-tail whisks cast [upon their surfaces]; [...]”.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pindika in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Piṇḍika, (-°) in chatta°-vivara is a little doubtful, the phrase prob. means “a crevice in the covering (i.e. the round mass) of the canopy or sunshade” J. VI, 376. ‹-› Dutoit (J. trsln VI, 457) translates “opening at the back of the sunshade, ” thus evidently reading “piṭṭhika. ” (Page 458)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Piṇḍikā (पिण्डिका).—

1) A round or fleshy swelling.

2) The calf of the leg &c.; विकटोद्बद्धपिण्डिकम् (vikaṭodbaddhapiṇḍikam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.155.33.

3) The region of the cheeks (gaṇḍasthala); भिन्नमस्तकपिण्डिकाः (bhinnamastakapiṇḍikāḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 7. 116.25; see पिण्डि (piṇḍi) above.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Piṇḍikā (पिण्डिका).—(see s.v. piṇḍakā; recorded in late Sanskrit, see Schmidt, Nachträge, defined Opferkloss), (alms-)food: Divyāvadāna 88.8, 11, 19, 23, 27; 89.4 (but in 89.1 note piṇḍakaḥ, m., as in Sanskrit); Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.86.12 ff. (always this, never °akā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Piṇḍikā (पिण्डिका).—f.

(-kā) 1. The nave of a wheel. 2. The instep. 3. A stool or seat of various shapes and dimensions. E. piṇḍī as above, and kan added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Piṇḍikā (पिण्डिका):—[from piṇḍaka > piṇḍ] a f. a globular fleshy swelling (in the shoulders, arms, legs, etc.; [especially] the calf of the leg), [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a base or pedestal for the image of a deity or for a Liṅga, [Varāha-mihira; Kādambarī; Agni-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] a bench for lying on [Caraka]

4) [v.s. ...] the nave of a wheel, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a species of musk, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Piṇḍika (पिण्डिक):—[from piṇḍ] n. the penis, [Liṅga-purāṇa]

7) Piṇḍikā (पिण्डिका):—[from piṇḍika > piṇḍ] b f. See piṇḍaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Piṇḍikā (पिण्डिका):—(kā) 1. f. Idem; instep; stool.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Piṇḍikā (पिण्डिका) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Piṃḍiyā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pindika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Piṃḍika (ಪಿಂಡಿಕ):—[noun] a swollen part of the body; swelling.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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