Pidana, Pīḍana: 21 definitions


Pidana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Pīḍana (पीडन).—Compression; a fault in the pronunciation of vowels and consonants caused by the compression or contraction of the place of utterance: cf. विहारसंहारयोर्व्यासपीडने स्थान-करणयोर्विस्तारे व्यासो नाम दोषः, संहारे संकोचने पीडनं नाम । (vihārasaṃhārayorvyāsapīḍane sthāna-karaṇayorvistāre vyāso nāma doṣaḥ, saṃhāre saṃkocane pīḍanaṃ nāma |) R. Pr. XIV. 2; cf. also व्यञ्जनानामतिप्रयत्नेनोच्चारणं पीडनं (vyañjanānāmatiprayatnenoccāraṇaṃ pīḍanaṃ) R. Pr. XIV. 5.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra

Pīḍana (पीडन, “pressing”) refers to one of the “seven means” (saptopāya) to be performed when a mantra does not manifest its effect, as explained in the 10th-century Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 1.100-102. During Pīḍana, the practitioner steps on the written mantra, and while reciting it joined its padas upside down. If this does not work, one should move to the next step,the poṣaya.

Accordingly, “[If the controlled mantra does not have an effect], one should perform the pīḍana (pressing). One should recite [the mantra] joined to its padas (lines of a stanza) upside down. One should meditate on the deity, who has an upside down form, and should write the vidyā with milk of the Arka tree and step on it. With [reciting] the thus formed mantra, the homa should be performed every day. Being pressed (in this way), the mantra turns modest and will have an effect. If not, one should perform the poṣaya (nourishing)”.

Note on pīḍana: the Dīkṣāprakāśa supports saṃtāḍana (striking). Note on Arka: Āditya is a synonym of Arka (Calotropis gigantea).

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Pīḍana (पीडन) refers to “afflictions”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 19.129-133, while describing daily rituals]—“[...] In whichever place and time the Mantravid lives, none [of the following] will arise near him: plagues, diseases, khārkhodas, grahas, śākinīs of various sorts, yakṣas, piśācas, rākṣasas, seizers of children, visphoṭas, vyantaras or asparas. Any of the poisons that exist, famine and eclipses (graha-pīḍana), none will arise because of the Mantrin being there”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Pīḍana (पीडन):—Pain

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Pīḍana (पीडन) refers to “squeezing”, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, as Bhairava explains: “[...] By squeezing [i.e., pīḍana] where the channels that transport the vital breath (are located), (with) the two thumbs consecrated with mantra, it [i.e., parāśakti—the supreme energy] heats up and (then) burns up the cage of sin. The mind attains the transmental state and (the disciple) falls on the ground unconscious”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Mantrashastra (the science of Mantras)

Source: Wisdom Library: Mantrashastra

Pīḍana (पीडन, “pressure”) refers to one of the seven techniques to improve or revive fruitless mantras (i.e., “mantras that do not bring satisfaction and visible improvements”), according to the Kakṣapuṭatantra verses 1.89.91.—The operation of pīḍana (pressure) is described as: The practitioner steps on the written mantra and, while reading it, connects its words in reverse order.  If this doesn't work, then you should go to poṣaṇa or poṣaya (food).

context information

Mantrashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, mantraśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mantras—chants, incantations, spells, magical hymns, etc. Mantra Sastra literature includes many ancient books dealing with the methods reciting mantras, identifying and purifying its defects and the science behind uttering or chanting syllables.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Pīḍana (पीडन) refers to “holding” (the jesses of the hawk), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “The casting [of hawks] is of two kinds—Hastamoka and Muṣṭimoka. [...] Hastamoka is that in which the jesses of the hawk are held (pāśa-pīḍana) by the fingers and the hawk is cast at the quarry, This is the only method in the case of Kuhīs (Shahin), and one of the best in the case of the Bāsā (Sparrow-hawk)”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pidā-nā.—ḻi (EI 28), Tamil; same as pudā-nāḻi. Note: pidā-nā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pīḍana (पीडन).—n (S) Inflicting pain, paining, afflicting.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pīḍana (पीडन).—n Inflicting pain.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pīḍana (पीडन).—[pīḍ bhāve lyuṭ]

1) Paining, distressing, oppressing, inflicting pain; Manusmṛti 9.299; प्रजापीडनसंतापात् समुद्भूतो हुताशनः । राज्ञः श्रियं कुलं प्राणान्नादग्ध्वा विनिवर्तते (prajāpīḍanasaṃtāpāt samudbhūto hutāśanaḥ | rājñaḥ śriyaṃ kulaṃ prāṇānnādagdhvā vinivartate) || Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.345; पीडनवर्गः (pīḍanavargaḥ) Name of a chapter in Kau. A. (8. 4).

2) (a) Squeezing; pressing; Rām.7.16.29; दोर्वल्लिबन्ध- निबिडस्तनपीडनानि (dorvallibandha- nibiḍastanapīḍanāni) Gītagovinda 1; दन्तोष्ठपीडननखक्षतरक्तसिक्ताम् (dantoṣṭhapīḍananakhakṣataraktasiktām) Ch. P. 44. (b) Pressure; ममातिदृढपीडनैरपि न तृप्तिरालिङ्गनैः (mamātidṛḍhapīḍanairapi na tṛptirāliṅganaiḥ) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 9. 38.

3) An instrument for pressing.

4) Taking, holding, seizing, as in करपीडन (karapīḍana) or पाणिपीडन (pāṇipīḍana) q. v.

5) Laying waste, devastation.

6) Threshing corn.

7) An eclipse; as in ग्रहपीडन (grahapīḍana) q. v. शशिदिवाकरयोर्ग्रहपीडनम् (śaśidivākarayorgrahapīḍanam) Bhartṛhari 2.91.

8) Suppressing sounds, a fault in the pronunciation of vowels.

Derivable forms: pīḍanam (पीडनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pīḍana (पीडन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Inflicting pain, paining, distressing. 2. Devastation, laying a country waste. 3. Squeezing, pressing, rubbing. 4. Taking, holding, as in pāṇipīḍana “taking the hand” i. e. marrying. 5. Threshing, (corn). 6. An instrument for pressing. 7. An eclipse, (In astronomy). 8. A fault in the pronounciation of vowels. E. pīḍ to give pain, aff. lyuṭ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pīḍana (पीडन).—[pīḍ + ana], n. 1. Pressing, squeezing, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 15, 29. 2. Inflicting pain, distressing, 2, 22, 16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pīḍana (पीडन).—[adjective] & [neuter] vexing, paining.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pīḍana (पीडन):—[from pīḍ] mfn. pressing, afflicting, molesting, paining (cf. cakṣu-p)

2) [v.s. ...] n. the act of pressing or squeezing, [Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara; Gīta-govinda]

3) [v.s. ...] an instrument for pressing, press (= pīḍana-dravya), [Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] the act of oppressing or suppressing, Paining, harassing, afflicting, [Rāmāyaṇa; Kāmandakīya-nītisāra; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

5) [v.s. ...] devastation, laying a country waste, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] misfortune, calamity, [Manu-smṛti ix, 299]

7) [v.s. ...] obscuration, eclipse (of a planet cf. graha-p), [Suśruta]

8) [v.s. ...] suppression (of sounds, a fault in pronunciation), [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pīḍana (पीडन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Squeezing, rubbing, inflicting pain; devastation.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pīḍana (पीडन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Piṭṭaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pidana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pīḍana (पीडन):—(nm) tormentation, oppression; pressing, harassing, troubling.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pīḍana (ಪೀಡನ):—

1) [noun] a pressing or squeezing.

2) [noun] the act of causing pain to; an annoying or irritating; affliction.

3) [noun] a holding, seizing (with or as with the hands); a clutching with the hand.

4) [noun] (as per Indian erotica) one of the twelve kinds of embrace, in which one embraces another and presses hard to one’s bosom, as to cause a pleasant pain.

5) [noun] (as per Indian erotica, as a foreplay in sexual union) a biting hard of another’s chin.

6) [noun] (as per Indian erotica) a mode in sexual union, in which the man lies below and the woman above.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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