Phenika, Phenikā: 5 definitions


Phenika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Phenika (फेनिक) or Phenikā refers to one of the miscellaneous dishes mentioned in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.

(Ingredients of Phenika): samita, śakaṭa (a mixture of rice flour, ghee and water), ghee and sugar.

(Cooking instructions): Make long, thin pieces from samita kneaded with ghee. These pieces are placed by the side by side on a wooden slab. Knead them all together with a kneading device in such a manner that a single rounded disc is formed. Then this disc is cut with a knife in such a way that the pieces remain together. Knead again the cut pieces and smear them with mixture of śakaṭa (a mixture of rice flour, ghee and water). Each pieces must be mixed together to make a ball. Spread these balls in such a way that a spherical disc is formed. This circular disc, when fried in ghee, develops multiple layers. Finally sprinkle sugar mixed with fragrant ingredients over it. This preparation is called phenikā.

In the same manner we can prepare godhūmaphenikā from wheat flour and māṣaphenika from black gram flour. The manner of preparation of phenika resembles ‘Parottaḥ’ a popular Indian dish in many ways. But the notable difference in between the two is that the former is cooked in oil while the latter is heated in the pan.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of phenika in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Phenikā (फेनिका).—f. A kind of sweetmeat; L. D. B.

See also (synonyms): pheṇī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Phenikā (फेनिका).—f.

(-kā) 1. Froth arising from treacle. 2. A kind of sweetmeat called Patty. “khājā” . E. phena foam, kan added, fem. form.

Phenikā can also be spelled as Pheṇikā (फेणिका).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Phenikā (फेनिका):—(kā) 1. f. Froth of treacle.

[Sanskrit to German]

Phenika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of phenika in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

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