Phena, Pheṇa: 23 definitions

Introduction:

Phena means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Fen.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Phena (फेन, “froth in the mouth”) represents the fifth stage of the action of poison (viṣa) after drinking it, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 26. In a dramatic play, the representation of death from drinking poison is displayed by throwing out of hands and feet and other limbs. The power of the poison will lead to the quivering action of the different parts of the body.

Phena according to the Nāṭyaśāstra: “hiccup (hikkā) should be represented by repeated blinking of eyes, belching, vomiting, convulsion (ākṣepa), and uttering of indistinct words”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Phena (फेन).—A King of the race of Uśīnara. His son was Sutapas and his grandson Auśīnara. (Harivaṃ{??}a, 1, 31, 32).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Phena (फेन):—[phenaṃ] Froth

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Phenā (फेना) is another name for Sātalā, an unidentified medicinal plant (seven possible species identifed), according to verse 4.194-195 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Phenā and Sātalā, there are a total of thirteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Phena (फेन) refers to the “foam” (of a stream of milk), according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] (These energies) [i.e., of the syllables of the Goddess’s Vidyā?] are (white) like the foam of a stream of milk [i.e., kṣīradhāra-ogha-phena-ābhā] and their light is like the lustre of the moon. They rain down in a great stream onto the body with drops that are (like) streams of milk. One should think that the Self is there in middle (of the body) and its colour is (white like) milk. O goddess, this is the Wheel of the Moon”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Pheṇa (फेण) or Pheṇagiri refers to a country belonging to “Nairṛtī (south-western division)” classified under the constellations of Svāti, Viśākhā and Anurādhā, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Svāti, Viśākhā and Anurādhā represent the south-western division consisting of [i.e., Pheṇa] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Phena (फेन) refers to “foam”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Fool , you must understand, in reality, substance is not acknowledged in a mass of foam (phena-puñja), the trunk of a plantain tree or in the body of human beings. The planets, moon, sun, stars and seasons go and come [but] certainly for embodied souls bodies do not [go and come] even in a dream”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pheṇa : (nt.) foam; scum; froth.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Pheṇa, (cp. Vedic phena, with *ph fr. sp°, connected with Lat. spūma, scum, Ags. fām=Ger. feim=E. foam) scum, foam, froth, only in cpds. viz. : —uddehakaṃ (adv.) (paccamāna, boiling) with scum on top, throwing up foam M. III, 167; A. I, 141; Nd2 304III C; J. III, 46; Miln. 357.—paṭala a film of scum Vism. 359; VbhA. 65.—piṇḍa a lump or heap of foam S. III, 140 sq. =Vism. 479 (in simile of rūpa); Nd2 680 AII; Vism. 40 (in comp); VbhA. 32 sq. bubbuḷaka a bubble of scum Vism. 171, 259, 345; VbhA. 242.—mālā a wreath or garland of scum Miln. 117.—mālin with a wreath of scum Miln. 260.—missa mixed with froth Vism. 263.—vaṇṇa colour of scum Vism. 263. (Page 480)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

phēṇa (फेण).—m (phēna S) Froth, foam, spume.

--- OR ---

phēna (फेन).—m (S) Froth, foam, spume.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

phēṇa (फेण).—m Froth, foam.

--- OR ---

phēna (फेन).—m Froth, foam.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pheṇa (फेण) or Phena (फेन).—

1) Foam, froth; गौरीवक्त्रभ्रुकुटिरचनां या विहस्येव फेनैः (gaurīvaktrabhrukuṭiracanāṃ yā vihasyeva phenaiḥ) Meghadūta 52; R.13.11; Manusmṛti 2.61; फेणैर्जलानामसुरस्य मूर्ध्नः (pheṇairjalānāmasurasya mūrdhnaḥ) Bhaṭṭikāvya 12.58.

2) Foam of the mouth.

3) Saliva.

4) White cuttle-fish bone.

Derivable forms: pheṇaḥ (फेणः), phenaḥ (फेनः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Phena (फेन).—m.

(-naḥ) 1. Froth, foam. 2. Cuttle-fish-bone, supposed to be the indurated foam of the sea. 3. Vapour. E. sphāyī to swell, nak Unadi aff., deriv. irr.

Phena can also be spelled as Pheṇa (फेण).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Phena (फेन).—probably akin to sphāy, m. 1. Froth, foam, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 115. 2. Moisture, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 19. 3. Vapour. 4. Cuttle-fish bone.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Phena (फेन).—[masculine] ([neuter]) foam; phenī a kind of food.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pheṇa (फेण):—etc. See phena.

2) Phena (फेन):—m. once n. (often written pheṇa and [probably] connected with √phaṇ; but See, [Uṇādi-sūtra iii, 3]) foam, froth, scum, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) moisture of the lips, saliva, [Manu-smṛti iii, 19]

4) n. (m., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) Os Sepiae (white cuttle-fish bone, supposed to be indurated foam of the sea), [Caraka]

5) m. Name of a man (son of Uṣad-ratha and father of Su-tapas), [Harivaṃśa]

6) Phenā (फेना):—[from phena] f. a kind of shrub (= sātalā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Phena (फेन):—cf. [Slavonic or Slavonian] pĕna; [Anglo-Saxon] fam; [English] foam; [German] Feim.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Phena (फेन):—(naḥ) 1. m. Froth, foam; cuttlefish bone; vapour.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pheṇa (फेण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Pheṇa, Pheṇāya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Phena in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Phena (फेन) [Also spelled fen]:—(nm) foam, froth, lather, scum.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Pheṇa (फेण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit words: Pheṇa, Phena.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Phēna (ಫೇನ):—[noun] the whitish mass of bubbles formed on or in liquids by agitation, fermentation, etc.; foam.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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