Phalguni, Phālguni, Phalgunī: 12 definitions


Phalguni means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Falguni.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Phalguni in Purana glossary
Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Phālguṇī (फाल्गुणी) is the name of a festival that once existed in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Phālguṇī proceeds as follows: The ceremonials of this festival begin on the full moon day of Phālguṇa and continue up to the dark 5th of Caitra. The worship of the sun and the moon, listening to musical concerts, seeing dramatic performances, self-decoration and taking meals consisting of parpaṭas are the main features of this festival. The Brahma Purāṇa quoted in the Kṛtyakalpataru , and the Kṛtyaratnākara inform that as Aryamā was born of Aditi and Kaśyapa, and the moon of Atri and Anasūyā on Phālguṇī, so both the sun and the moon should be worshipped on this day.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Phalguni (फल्गुनि).—The name of an asterism.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 82. 6.

2a) Phālguni (फाल्गुनि).—Sacred to the planet Guru: śrāddha performed that day, gives one beauty of form.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 132; III. 18. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 107; 53. 107.

2b) The month of, good for the gift of the liṅga purāṇa;1 Mahādeva to be worshipped in the month of, by the person who observes kṛṣṇāṣṭamīvrata;2 pancagavya to be taken in this month while observing saubhāgyaśayanavrata.3

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 53. 38.
  • 2) Ib. 56. 2.
  • 3) Ib. 60. 36.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Phalgunī (फल्गुनी) [both Phalgunīs] refers to two of the various Nakṣatras mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Phalgunī).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Phalguni in India is the name of a plant defined with Ficus hispida in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Ficus poilanei Gagnep. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Species Plantarum, ed. 4
· Indian Journal of Pharmacology (2004)
· Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis (1911)
· Enum. Pl. (1805)
· Journal of Botany (1848)
· Journal of the Arnold Arboretum (1942)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Phalguni, for example pregnancy safety, side effects, diet and recipes, extract dosage, chemical composition, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

phālgunī (फाल्गुनी).—f The day of full moon of phālguna; the day on which the hōḷī is celebrated. 2 A name common to the eleventh and twelfth lunar asterisms, distinguished by the epithets pūrva & uttara or preceding and subsequent.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Phalgunī (फल्गुनी).—Name of a constellation (pūrvā and uttarā); मैत्रे मुहूर्ते शशलाञ्छनेन योगं गतासूत्तरफल्गुनीषु (maitre muhūrte śaśalāñchanena yogaṃ gatāsūttaraphalgunīṣu) Kumārasambhava 7.6.

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Phālgunī (फाल्गुनी).—The full-moon day of the month फाल्गुन (phālguna); °भवः (bhavaḥ) an epithet of the planet Jupiter.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Phalguṇī (फल्गुणी):—[from phalgu] [wrong reading] for phalguna, naka, .

2) Phalgunī (फल्गुनी):—[from phalguna > phalgu] a f. See below.

3) [from phalgu] b f. (sg. [dual number] and [plural]) Name of a double lunar mansion (pūrvā and uttarā), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] Ficus Oppositifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a woman, [Pravara texts]

6) Phālguṇī (फाल्गुणी):—[from phalgu] [wrong reading] for phālguna, .

7) Phālgunī (फाल्गुनी):—[from phālguna > phalgu] a f. See below

8) Phālguni (फाल्गुनि):—[from phalgu] m. [patronymic] [from] phālguna (= arjuna), [Mahābhārata]

9) Phālgunī (फाल्गुनी):—[from phalgu] b f. the lunar mansion Phalgunī (q.v.), [Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] = -paurṇamāsī, [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Phālgunī (फाल्गुनी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Phāguṇī, Phagguṇī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Phalguni in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Phalguni in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Phālgunī (फाल्गुनी) [Also spelled falguni]:—(nf) pertaining to [phālguna]; the name of the eleventh ([pūrvā phālgunī]) and twelfth ([uttarā phālgunī]) lunar asterisms ([nakṣatra].

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Phalguni (ಫಲ್ಗುನಿ):—[noun] the cluster of two lunar mansions a) Zosma & Theta Leo and b) 93 Leo and Denebola.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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