Payu, Pāyu: 16 definitions


Payu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Pāyu (पायु) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “anus”. It is one of the fourteen Adhyātma (pertaining to the body) mentioned in the Subālopaniṣad (fifth section). The corresponding Ādhibhūta (pertaining to the elements) is called visarjayitavya (the excreta) and the corresponding Adhidaivata (presiding deity) is mṛtyu. Accordingly, “the nādis form their bond (or connect them). He who moves in the anus (pāyu), in visarjayitavya, in mṛtyu, in the nādis, in prāṇa, in vijñāna, in ānanda, in the ākāśa of the heart and within all else—That is Ātman. It is that which should be worshipped. It is without old age, death, fear, sorrow or end.”

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: The Śaiva Yogas and Their Relation to Other Systems of Yoga

Pāyu (पायु, “anus”) refers to one of the sixteen types of “locus” or “support” (ādhāra) according to the Netratantra. These ādhāras are called so because they “support” or “localise” the self and are commonly identified as places where breath may be retained. They are taught in two different setups: according to the tantraprakriyā and according to the kulaprakriyā. Pāyu belongs to the latter system.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Pāyu (पायु):—[pāyuḥ] Rectum

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Pāyu (पायु, “anus”) refers to several types of mokṣa (“termination”) of solar and lunar eclipses, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the lunar eclipse should terminate at the south-western and north-western points of the disc, the terminations are known as dakṣiṇa-pāyu (right anus) and vāma-pāyu (left anus) respectively: there will be diseases of the genital organs in the case of both terminations and the Queens of reigning sovereigns will suffer in the case of the latter. If the lunar eclipse should commence and terminate at the eastern point of the disc, the termination is known as sañchardana (vomitting): there will be prosperity and joy in the land and food crops will flourish”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pāyu (पायु).—n S The anus.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pāyu (पायु).—Ved. A guard, protector.

Derivable forms: pāyuḥ (पायुः).

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Pāyu (पायु).—The anus; पायूपस्थम् (pāyūpastham) Manusmṛti 2.9,91; Y.3.92.

Derivable forms: pāyuḥ (पायुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāyu (पायु).—m.

(-yuḥ) The anus. E. to preserve, Unadi aff. uṇ and yuka inserted.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāyu (पायु).—m. The anus, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 91.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāyu (पायु).—1. [masculine] guard, protector.

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Pāyu (पायु).—[masculine] the anus.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pāyu (पायु):—[from pāy] 1. pāyu ([Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv], pāyu), m. the anus, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]; etc.

2) 2. pāyu m. (√3. ; for 1. pāyu See [column]s) a guard, protector, [Ṛg-veda] ([especially] [instrumental case] [plural] ‘with protecting powers or actions, helpfully’), [Atharva-veda]

3) Name of a man, [Ṛg-veda vi, 47, 24] (with bhāradvāja, author of [vi, 75; x, 87]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāyu (पायु):—(yuḥ) 2. m. The anus.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pāyu (पायु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pāu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Payu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pāyu (ಪಾಯು):—[noun] the opening at the lower end of the alimentary canal, through which the solid refuse of digestion is excreted; the anus.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Pāyu (பாயு) noun < pāyu. Anus, fundament; குதம். பதங்கை பாயு வுபத்தமென்று [kutham. pathangai payu vupathamenru] (ஞானாமிர்தம் [gnanamirtham] 9, 17).

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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