Payu, Pāyu: 12 definitions



Payu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Pāyu (पायु) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “anus”. It is one of the fourteen Adhyātma (pertaining to the body) mentioned in the Subālopaniṣad (fifth section). The corresponding Ādhibhūta (pertaining to the elements) is called visarjayitavya (the excreta) and the corresponding Adhidaivata (presiding deity) is mṛtyu. Accordingly, “the nādis form their bond (or connect them). He who moves in the anus (pāyu), in visarjayitavya, in mṛtyu, in the nādis, in prāṇa, in vijñāna, in ānanda, in the ākāśa of the heart and within all else—That is Ātman. It is that which should be worshipped. It is without old age, death, fear, sorrow or end.”

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: The Śaiva Yogas and Their Relation to Other Systems of Yoga

Pāyu (पायु, “anus”) refers to one of the sixteen types of “locus” or “support” (ādhāra) according to the Netratantra. These ādhāras are called so because they “support” or “localise” the self and are commonly identified as places where breath may be retained. They are taught in two different setups: according to the tantraprakriyā and according to the kulaprakriyā. Pāyu belongs to the latter system.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pāyu (पायु).—n S The anus.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pāyu (पायु).—Ved. A guard, protector.

Derivable forms: pāyuḥ (पायुः).

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Pāyu (पायु).—The anus; पायूपस्थम् (pāyūpastham) Ms.2.9,91; Y.3.92.

Derivable forms: pāyuḥ (पायुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāyu (पायु).—m.

(-yuḥ) The anus. E. to preserve, Unadi aff. uṇ and yuka inserted.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāyu (पायु).—m. The anus, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 91.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāyu (पायु).—1. [masculine] guard, protector.

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Pāyu (पायु).—[masculine] the anus.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pāyu (पायु):—[from pāy] 1. pāyu ([Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv], pāyu), m. the anus, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]; etc.

2) 2. pāyu m. (√3. ; for 1. pāyu See [column]s) a guard, protector, [Ṛg-veda] ([especially] [instrumental case] [plural] ‘with protecting powers or actions, helpfully’), [Atharva-veda]

3) Name of a man, [Ṛg-veda vi, 47, 24] (with bhāradvāja, author of [vi, 75; x, 87]).

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Pāyu (पायु):—

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Pāyu (पायु):—2. [Uṇādisūtra 1, 1.] m. After [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 2, 24.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 6, 20.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 612.] [Halāyudha 2, 358.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 6, 14. 20, 9. 25, 7.] [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 7, 5, 25, 2.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 12, 9, 1, 3. 14, 5, 4, 11.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 6, 6, 3.] [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 44.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 91.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 92.] [Mahābhārata 3, 13971. 12, 7951.] [Suśruta 1, 86, 12. 262, 20. 310, 11. 2, 55, 15.] [SĀṂKHYAK. 26.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 50, 43. 67, 98. 92, 2.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 6, 8.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 28, 180.] pāyūpastham [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 90.] [Praśnopaniṣad 3, 5.] — Vgl. pāy .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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