Paurnamasi, Paurṇamāsī, Paurṇamāsi: 7 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Paurnamasi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Paurnmasi.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Paurnamasi in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Paurṇamāsi (पौर्णमासि).—The Devī of the 27th Kalpa became a twin.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 21. 62, 68.

1b) The Full Moon day; the Moon has a full white maṇḍala by the apyāyita of the sun;1 at the end of the Kṛṣṇa and Śukla pakṣas.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 200; 52. 59; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 8. 80.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 56. 30, 36.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Paurṇamāsī (पौर्णमासी) refers to the “full moon”, as mentioned in the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-sūtras.—“let a man sacrifice with the Amāvāsyā sacrifice at the time of the Amāvāsyā, new moon. And let a man sacrifice with the Paurṇamāsyā sacrifice at the time of the Paurṇamāsī, full moon, thus it is said. Let a man observe that full-moon day as a day of abstinence on which the moon comes out full before”.

Here the full moon is called Paurṇamāsī, the sacrifice Paurṇamāsyā. Satyavrata joins the two Sūtras in one, and leaves out yajeteti, which may have belonged to the commentary. The full moon (paurṇamāsī) is really the very moment on which the moon is full and therefore begins to decrease. That moment on which sun and moon are, as the Hindus said, at the greatest distance from each other, is called the parva-sandhi, the juncture of the two phases of the moon. Thus the name of paurṇamāsī belongs to the last day of the one and to the first day (pratipad) of the other phase, and both days might be called paurṇamāsī. If therefore the moon is full on the afternoon, the evening, or the twilight of one day, that day should be observed as a fast-day, and the next day should be the day of sacrifice.

The commentator mentions purastāt-paurṇamāsī as a name of the caturdaśī-yuktā, i.e. the full moon beginning on the fourteenth day. The same kind of full moon is also called Anumati, Pūrvā-paurṇamāsī, and Sandhyā-paurṇamāsī, while that which takes place on the pratipad, the first day of the lunar phase, is called Rākā, Uttarā-paurṇamāsī, Astamitoditā, and Śvaḥpūritā.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paurnamasi in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paurṇamāsī (पौर्णमासी).—f S paurṇimā f (S) The day of full moon.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

paurṇamāsī (पौर्णमासी).—f paurṇimā f The day of full moon.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paurnamasi in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paurṇamāsī (पौर्णमासी).—A day of full-moon.

See also (synonyms): paurṇamī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paurṇamāsī (पौर्णमासी):—[=paurṇa-māsī] [from paurṇa-māsa > paurṇa] f. a day or night of f° m°

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paurnamasi in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Paurṇamāsī (पौर्णमासी) [Also spelled paurnmasi]:—(nf) the fullmoon day.

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