Pattra, Pāttra: 11 definitions


Pattra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Pattra (पत्त्र) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to a “leaf” or a “feather”, or in a different context, refers to the “wing of a bird”, or to any ‘vehicle’, ‘chariot’, ‘car’, ‘horse’ etc.. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita or the Carakasaṃhita.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Pattra (पत्त्र) refers to “leaves”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 225-226).—Accordingly, while describing the shire of the Goddess Caṇḍikā, “[Then follows the image of the Goddess Caṇḍikā, which matches the conception of Kālarātri in the passage from the Mahābhārata:] [...] she was adorned in garlands of bilva-leaves (bilva-pattra-dāma) furnished with gleaming fruits and buds anointed with red sandalwood, that were like hanging garlands of infant-heads; she expressed cruelty with limbs worshipped with clusters of kadamba flowers ruddy with blood, which horripilated, it seemed, at the thrill of the flavour of the keen roar of drums during the animal-offering; [...]”.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Pattra (पत्त्र) [=patra?] refers to a “page”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 19).—The comparison of action to a contract, a debt, is used by the Sāmmitīyas to illustrate their doctrine on the ‘non-cessation’ (avipraṇāśa) of actions; cf. Madh. vṛtti, p. 317–318: “When action arises, it engenders a non-cessation (avipraṇaśa) of itself in the series of the agent, an entity dissociated from the mind and comparable to the page on which debts (ṛṇa-pattra [ṛṇa-patra?]) are recorded. Therefore we know that the avipraṇaśa is like the page and the action giving rise to this entity called avipranaśa is like the debt. And just as a rich man does not lose his money when he lends it because the debt is written down on the page, just as he will recover his money five-fold at the desired time, so the action that has ceased, being recorded in the avipranaśa entity, brings the proper fruit to the agent. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pāttra (पात्त्र).—a. Releasing from sins; सर्वेषामेव पात्त्राणां परं पात्त्रं महेश्वरः (sarveṣāmeva pāttrāṇāṃ paraṃ pāttraṃ maheśvaraḥ) Nandī P.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pattra (पत्त्र).—n.

(-ttraṃ) Any vehicle or means of conveyance. E. pat to go, ṣṭran aff.; also patra.

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Pattra (पत्त्र) or Patra.—n.

(-traṃ) 1. A leaf. 2. A vehicle in general; as a car, a horse, a camel, &c. 3. The wing of a bird. 4. The feather of an arrow. 5. The leaf of the Laurus cassia. 6. The leaf of a book. 7. Gold leaf, &c. any thin sheet or plate of metal. 8. A letter. 9. The blade of a weapon. 10. Painting the person as a decoration. 11. A knife, a dagger. 12. The leaf of a flower. nf. (-traṃ-trī) A letter, any written document or address. E. pat to go, ṣṭran aff. and one ta rejected; also sometimes pattra .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pattra (पत्त्र).—see patra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pattra (पत्त्र).—[neuter] wing, feather (also on the arrow), any vehicle as chariot, cart, horse etc.; the leaf of a tree or a leaf for writing on, paper, a letter or any written document; a thin plate of metal, blade.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pattra (पत्त्र):—[from pat] a n. (and m., [Śākaṭāyana]; ifc. f(ā and ī). ) (sometimes spelt patra) the wing of a bird, pinion, feather, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] the feather of an arrow, [Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa]

3) [v.s. ...] a bird, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] any vehicle, a chariot, car, horse, camel etc., [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature]

5) [v.s. ...] a leaf, petal (regarded as the plumage of a tree or flower), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] the leaf of a [particular] fragrant plant or a [particular] plant with f° leaves, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā xvi, 30]

7) [v.s. ...] Laurus Cassia ([cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) and its leaf, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

8) [v.s. ...] a leaf for writing on, written l°, l° of a book, paper

9) [v.s. ...] a letter, document, [Kāvya literature; Rājataraṅgiṇī; Pañcatantra] (pattram āropya, ‘having committed to paper’ [Śakuntalā])

10) [v.s. ...] any thin leaf or plate of metal or gold-leaf, [Varāha-mihira; Suśruta] (cf. paṭṭa)

11) [v.s. ...] the blade of a sword or knife (cf. asi-)

12) [v.s. ...] a knife, dagger, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] = -bhaṅga, [Raghuvaṃśa; Gīta-govinda]

14) [v.s. ...] cf. [Greek] πτερόν (for πετερόν); [Latin] penna (older pesna for pet-na); [German] Feder; [English] feather.

15) b etc. See p. 581, col. 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pattra (पत्त्र):—(ttraṃ) 1. n. Any vehicle.

2) Pāttra (पात्त्र):—(ttraṃ) 1. n. A preservative.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pattra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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