Patraka, Pātraka: 16 definitions


Patraka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Patraka (पत्रक) refers to “clove leaves” which forms a preferable constituent for a great offering, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.16. Accordingly, “[...] the great offering of eatables shall be made to Śiva especially in the month of Dhanus. The constituent parts of the great offering are as follows:—[...] thirty-six clove leaves (patraka) [...] This great offering of eatables made to the deities shall be distributed among devotees m the order of their castes”.

2) Patraka (पत्रक) refers to “decorative lines drawn over one’s body”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.46 (“The arrival of the bridegroom”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] In the meantime the servant-maids in the harem of the mountain took Pārvatī out in order to worship the tutelar family deity. [...] With a gentle smile playing in her face she appeared very beautiful. Her plaited hair was thickly grown and looked beautiful. Decorative lines over her body were exquisite (cāru-patraka). She had the Tilaka with musk and saffron. Gemset necklace shone over her chest. Bracelets and bangles of gems and jewels shone brilliantly. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Agriculture (Krishi) and Vrikshayurveda (study of Plant life)

Source: Shodhganga: Drumavichitrikarnam—Plant mutagenesis in ancient India

Patraka (पत्रक) (identified with Cinnamomum tamala) is used in various bio-organical recipes for plant mutagenesis such as manipulating the scent of flowers, according to the Vṛkṣāyurveda by Sūrapāla (1000 CE): an encyclopedic work dealing with the study of trees and the principles of ancient Indian agriculture.—Accordingly, “Fragrance of the blossom can be changed by filling (the base near) the roots (pūrṇa-mūla) of the trees with the earth scented with the desired fragrance and then fed with water mixed with Cyperus rotundus, Erythrina stricta, Valeriana wallichii, Aporosa lindleyana and Cinnamomum tamala [e.g., Patraka]”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Patraka in the Kannada language is the name of a plant identified with Cinnamomum tamala (Buch.-Ham.) T.Nees & Eberm. from the Lauraceae (Laurel) family having the following synonyms: Cinnamomum tejpata, Laurus tamala. For the possible medicinal usage of patraka, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Patraka in India is the name of a plant defined with Cinnamomum iners in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Cinnamomum iners Wall. (among others).

2) Patraka is also identified with Cinnamomum tamala It has the synonym Laurus tamala Buch.-Ham. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Botanica expeditior (1760)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· FBI (1886)
· Numer. List (2583)
· Bijdragen tot de flora van Nederlandsch Indië (1826)
· Handbuch der medicinisch-pharmaceutischen Botanik (1831)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Patraka, for example pregnancy safety, side effects, diet and recipes, health benefits, extract dosage, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

patraka (पत्रक).—n (S) A leaf of a book; a sheet of writing; an epistle; a paper of accounts; a slip of memoranda: a list, roll, table gen.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

patraka (पत्रक).—n A leaf of a book; a sheet of writing; an epistle; a paper of accounts; a slip of memoranda: a list, roll, table gen.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Patraka (पत्रक).—

1) A leaf.

2) Drawing lines or figures on the body as a decoration.

Derivable forms: patrakam (पत्रकम्).

--- OR ---

Pātraka (पात्रक).—A vessel, pot &c.

Derivable forms: pātrakam (पात्रकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Patraka (पत्रक).—n.

(-kaṃ) 1. A leaf. 2. The leaf of the Laurus cassia. 3. Staining the person with Sandal, &c. by way of decoration. E. patra with svārthe-ka added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Patraka (पत्रक).—[patra + ka], 1. A substitute for patra when latter part of a comp. adj, f. trikā. 2. f. trikā, A document, a letter, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 90, 16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pātraka (पात्रक):—[from ] n. a vessel, bowl, dish (See kuand carvita-)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Patraka (पत्रक):—(kaṃ) 1. n. A leaf; Cassia leaf staining with sandal.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Patraka (पत्रक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pattaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Patraka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Patraka (ಪತ್ರಕ):—

1) [noun] = ಪತ್ರ - [patra -] 1 & 7.

2) [noun] one of the six types in painting.

3) [noun] the plant Abies webbiana of Pinaceae family; silver fur.

4) [noun] a small card or piece of paper, usu. a square type one, to note down notes on, meaning of, etc.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Pātraka (पात्रक):—n. 1. a wretched vessel or pot; 2. useless vessel;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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