Patalatala, Pātālatala, Patala-tala: 5 definitions

Introduction:

Patalatala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Patalatala in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pātālatala (पातालतल) refers to the “nether worlds”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.16 (“Brahmā consoles the gods”).—Accordingly, as the Gods said to Brahmā: “[...] Our woman folk, the groups of heavenly nymphs have been captured by Tāraka, the powerful. No sacrifice is in the making. No ascetic is in penances. The charitable and virtuous activities [i.e., dānadharma-ādika] are being seldom pursued in the worlds. His commander-in-chief is a simple demon—Krauñca. He has now gone to the nether worlds [i.e., pātālatala] and is harassing the people very much. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Patalatala in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Pātālatala (पातालतल) refers to the “bottom of the pit” (of hell), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Where is the escape from the bottom of the pit of hell (naraka-pātālatala) for the living soul who is continually afflicted by the enemy of infinite evil? If he emerges from that, the sentient being is born among the immobile beings or by some action reaches the state of mobile beings”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Patalatala in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pātālatala (पातालतल).—the bottom of Pātāla.

Derivable forms: pātālatalam (पातालतलम्).

Pātālatala is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pātāla and tala (तल). See also (synonyms): pātālamūla.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pātālatala (पातालतल):—[=pātāla-tala] [from pātāla > pāt] n. the bottom of P° (lam ind. down to P°), [Harṣacarita]

[Sanskrit to German]

Patalatala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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