Pashcima, Paścima, Paścimā: 9 definitions

Introduction

Pashcima means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Paścima and Paścimā can be transliterated into English as Pascima or Pashcima, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Pashchima.

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In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Google Books: Croaking Frogs

Paścima (पश्चिम), which means “western” or “hinder”, is connected with the adjective paśca, which can also mean “behind”. Some modern books on yoga say the name refers to “stretching the back”.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Paścima (पश्चिम, “west”) represents one of the “ten directions” (diś in Sanskrit or disā in Pali) according to an appendix included in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV). Paścimā is a Sanskrit word which is known in Pali as pacchimā, in Tibetan as nub and in Chinese as si.

2) Paścima (पश्चिम, “west”).—According to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra Chapter XV (the arrival of the Bodhisattvas of the ten directions), “in the west (paścima), beyond universes as numerous as the sands of the Ganges and at the extreme limit of these universes, there is a universe called Mie ngo (Upaśantā); its Buddha is called Pao chan (Ratnārcis) and its bodhisattva Yi pi (Cāritramati).”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paścima (पश्चिम).—f (S) The west. 2 The west wind.

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paścima (पश्चिम).—a (S) West, western. 2 Posterior, hinder.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paścima (पश्चिम).—a. [paścādbhavaḥ ḍimac]

1) Being behind, hindmost; पराभूतेरधर्मस्य तमसश्चापि पश्चिमः (parābhūteradharmasya tamasaścāpi paścimaḥ) Bhāg.2.6.9.

2) Last (in time or space); पश्चिमे वयसि वर्तमानस्य (paścime vayasi vartamānasya) K.25; R.19.1,54; पश्चिमाद्यामिनीयामात् प्रसादमिव चेतना (paścimādyāminīyāmāt prasādamiva cetanā) R.17.1; स्मरन्तः पश्चिमामाज्ञाम् (smarantaḥ paścimāmājñām) 17.8; पत पश्चिमयोः पितुः पादयोः (pata paścimayoḥ pituḥ pādayoḥ) Mu.7; °क्रिया (kriyā) the last i. e. funeral rites; °अवस्था (avasthā) last state (verging on death); Pt.2.

3) The latter; उपारताः पश्चिमरात्रिगोचरात् (upāratāḥ paścimarātrigocarāt) Ki.4.1.

4) Western, westerly; आसमुद्रात् तु वै पूर्वादासमुद्रात् तु पश्चिमात् । तयोरेवान्तरं गिर्योरार्यावर्तं विदुर्बुधाः (āsamudrāt tu vai pūrvādāsamudrāt tu paścimāt | tayorevāntaraṃ giryorāryāvartaṃ vidurbudhāḥ) || Ms.2.22;5.92. (paścimena is used adverbially in the sense of 'in the west') or 'after, behind'; with acc. or gen.; so पश्चिमे (paścime) 'in the west'. पश्चिमतः (paścimataḥ) from behind.

Derivable forms: paścimaḥ (पश्चिमः).

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Paścimā (पश्चिमा).—The west.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Paścima (पश्चिम).—adj. (= Pali pacchima; Sanskrit not in this meaning), (last =) lowest, mean, vulgar: °mā janatā (Pali id., Vin. ii.108.19), vulgar folk, Aṣṭasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 182.15, 18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paścima (पश्चिम).—mfn.

(-maḥ-mā-maṃ) 1. West, western. 2. Behind, after. mf.

(-maḥ-mā) The region of Varuna, the west. E. paścāt behind, and ḍimac aff.; Hindus in their prayers, usually facing the east; and consequently having the west behind them.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paścima (पश्चिम).—i. e. paśca (cf. paścāt) + ima, adj., f. . 1. Hinder, last; with saṃdhyā, The evening twilight, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 101; with kriyā, Obsequies. 2. Western, west, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 22.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paścima (पश्चिम).—[adjective] hinder, hindmost, westerly, latter, last; [feminine] ā + saṃdhyā the evening twilight, + kriyā the last rite i.e. burning the dead, ±diś the west.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paścima (पश्चिम):—[from paśca] mf(ā)n. being behind, hinder, later, last, final (f(ā). , with kriyā, the last rite id est. burying the dead; with saṃdhyā, the latter id est. the evening twilight; with velā, evening time, close of day; with avasthā, last state id est. verging on death), [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] west, western, westerly (ā f. with or sc. diś, the west), [Manu-smṛti; Kāvya literature] etc.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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