Pasha, Pasa, Pāsa, Pāśa, Pāśā: 27 definitions

Introduction

Pasha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Pāśa and Pāśā can be transliterated into English as Pasa or Pasha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the saṃyutta-hastāni (Twenty-four combined Hands).—Pāśa (noose) : the forefingers of the Sūci hand are bent and interlocked. Usage: enmity, noose, manacles. 

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Google Books: The Theory of Citrasutras in Indian Painting

Pāśa (पाश, ‘noose’) is a weapon (āyudha or bādhra) according to the Vāstusūtra Upaniṣad.

Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography

Pāśa.—As the word indicates, it is a noose of ropes employed in the binding the enemy’s hands and legs. It is represented in sculptures as consisting of two or event three ropes made into a single or a double loop.

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Inner Circle IV

The noose (pāśa) of Gaṇeśa — represents the three things which are the cause of our bondage to the material world which necessitate continued rebirth:

  1. Avidyā—Ignorance of our true nature
  2. Karma—Our actions done in conformity with the false identification with the material vehicle
  3. Vāsanā—The habitual pattern formations which we create.
Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Introduction

Pāśa (Noose) - The 3 bonds that bind us to the cycle of rebirth – avidya (ignorance) karma (action) vāsanā (habitual patterns). It also has three other meanings attracting oneself to the Dharma, tying oneself by the constraints of Dharma and destroying all obstacles to one’s spiritual evolution.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Pāśa (पाश) refers to “noose” or “rope weapon” and represents one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras. Pāśa is a noose of ropes employed in binding the enemy’s hands and legs. [The Pāśa] is represented in sculptures as consisting of two or even three ropes made into a single or a double loop.

Pāśa also represents “transitory nature”, referring to one of the attributes of Lord Śiva.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Pāśā (पाशा).—Name of a river originating from Vindhya, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.

Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Pāśa (पाश, “noose” or “lasso”):—The pāśa was a sort of lariat or lasso. It is mentioned in the Ṛgveda as one of the weapons of Varuṇa and Soma. The Mahābhārata also makes allusions to it. The Vāyu-purāṇa mentions it only in connection with Śiva.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pāśa (पाश).—A divine weapon of Varuṇa. There is nothing to excel this in swiftness. (Śloka 29, Chapter 41, Vana Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Pāśa (पाश).—Noose peculiar to Varuṇa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 135. 77; 150. 128; 152. 2; 153. 211; 162. 31; 173. 12; 174. 13.

2) Pāśā (पाशा).—A river from the Pāriyātra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 28.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 5: Śiva-jñāna-bodha

Pāśa (पाश).—According to the Mṛgendrāgama, the pāśa is really the tirodhānaśakti of Śiva. The pāśas are threefold:

  1. sahaja, those malas with which we are associated from beginningless time and which stay on until liberation;
  2. āgantuka, meaning all our senses and sense-objects; and
  3. sūṃsargika, that is those which are produced by the intercourse of sahaja and the āgantuka mala.

The creation and the manifestation of our experiences take place in accordance with our karma as revealed by God. Just as a field sown with seeds does not produce the same kind of crop for every peasant, so in spite of same kinds of actions we may have different kinds of results manifested to us by God.

Source: A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 5: Śaiva Philosophy according to Bhoja and his commentators

Pāśa (पाश, “bonds”).—The bonds or pāśa are of four kinds: first, the bond of mala and the karma. The bond of mala is beginningless, and it stands as a veil over our enlightenment and power of action. The karma also flows on, depending on the mala from beginningless time. The third is called māyēya, which means the subtle and gross bodies produced through māyā, which is the fourth. Aghora-śivācārya says that māyēyameans the contingent bonds of passion, etc., which are produced in consequence of karma. Even those who have not the māyēya impurity at the time of dissolution (pralaya) remain by themselves but not liberated.

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Pāśa (पाश) refers to one of the various Devatā weapons and represents a type of “temple implement (instrument)” as described in the Karaṇalakṣaṇavidhi-paṭala section of the Uttara-Kāmikāgama.—The instruments should be according to the particular śāstra followed at the temple. Some of the instruments mentioned are weapons of all Devatās including [viz., pāśa].

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Pāśa (पाश, “noose”):—One of the objects that Yama is displayed carrying. Yama, the vedic God of death, represents the embodiment of Dharma. Yama rules over the kingdom of the dead and binds humankind according to the fruits of their karma.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A locality in South India, captured by Lankapura. Cv.lxxvi.236.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Pāśa (पाश) refers to a “noose” and represents one of the items held in the left hand of Heruka: one of the main deities of the Herukamaṇḍala described in the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Heruka is positioned in the Lotus (padma) at the center; He is the origin of all heroes; He has 17 faces (with three eyes on each) and 76 arms [holding, for example, pāśa]; He is half black and half green in color; He is dancing on a flaming sun placed on Bhairava and Kālarātrī.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pāśa.—(CII 4), fetters of worldly existence. (IA 18), a land measure. (EI 26), a girdle. Note: pāśa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pāsa : (m.) a sling; a snare; a button hole.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Pāsa, 3 (a stone?) at PvA. 63 (pās’antare) is probably a misreading and to be corrected to palāsa (palās’antare, similarly to rukkh’antare, kaṭṭh’— and mūl’antare), foliage. (Page 456)

2) Pāsa, 2 (Class. Sk. prāsa fr. pra+as) a spear, a throw Sn. 303; A. IV, 171 (kuṭhāri° throw of an axe).—asi° a class of deities Miln. 191. (Page 456)

3) Pāsa, 1 (Vedic pāśa) a sling, snare, tie, fetter S. I, 105, 111; A. II, 182; IV, 197; Vin. IV, 153 (? hattha°); Sn. 166; It. 36 (Māra°); J. III, 184; IV, 414; PvA. 206. On its frequent use in similes see J. P. T. S. 1907, 111. (Page 456)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pasā (पसा).—m (prasṛti S) The palm hollowed and the fingers compressed (to take up water, grain &c.) 2 W The cavity formed by the hollowing and joining of both palms. ulathā pasā pālathā pasā g. of s. Profuse, wasteful, thriftless housekeeping or procedure. paśācēṃ pāya- līsa uṭhēnā Used where one, willing at the first (to go or do) for some slight consideration, insists now upon exorbitant terms.

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pāśa (पाश).—m (S) A noose or running knot; a tie or confining cord; a snare or net for catching birds and beasts; a net gen. 2 fig. Any ensnaring, enfettering, encumbering, obstructing (business, state of circumstances, disposition of objects). Ex. bhavapāśa, prapañcapāśa, kālapāśa, snēhapāśa, mōhapāśa, mṛtyu- pāśa, yamapāśa, nāgapāśa, māyāpāśa, āśāpāśa, mamatā- pāśa, kuṭumbapāśa. 3 A die (to play with).

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pāsa (पास).—prep (Poetry.) Near or nigh unto.

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pāsa (पास).—f The iron share of a kuḷava (a harrow). Used, by synecdoche, for the implement (kuḷava) itself. 2 Silver melted down into a bar (usually of thirty-five tolas) in preparation for making lace &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pasā (पसा).—m The palm hollowed and the fingers compressed (to take up water, grain &c.) The cavity formed by the hollowing and joining of both palms. ulathā pasā pālathā pasā Thrift- less housekeeping of procedure. paśācēṃ pāyalīsa uṭhēnā Used where one, willing at the first (to go or do) for some slight consideration, insists now upon exorbitant terms.

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pāśa (पाश).—m A noose. A snare or net. Fig. Ensnaring. A die (to play with).

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pāsa (पास).—prep Near or nigh to. f The iron share of harrow.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pāśa (पाश).—[paśyate badhyate'nena, paś-karaṇe ghañ]

1) A cord, chain, fetter, noose; पादाकृष्टव्रततिवलयासंगसंजातपाशः (pādākṛṣṭavratativalayāsaṃgasaṃjātapāśaḥ) Ś.1.32; बाहुपाशेन व्यापादिता (bāhupāśena vyāpāditā) Mk.9; R.6.84.

2) A snare, trap or net for catching birds and beasts.

3) A noose used as a weapon (as by Varuṇa); किं चायमरिदुर्वारः पाणौ पाशः प्रचेतसः (kiṃ cāyamaridurvāraḥ pāṇau pāśaḥ pracetasaḥ) Ku.2.21.

4) A die, dice; Malli. on R.6.18.

5) The edge or border of anything woven.

6) (With Jainas) The outer world, nature.

7) (At the end of comp.) पाश (pāśa) expresses (a) contempt or depreciation; as in छात्रपाशः (chātrapāśaḥ) a bad pupil; वैयाकरण°, भिषक्° (vaiyākaraṇa°, bhiṣak°) &c.; (b) beauty or admiration; as in सैवोष्ठमुद्रा स च कर्णपाशः (saivoṣṭhamudrā sa ca karṇapāśaḥ) U.6.27; (c) abundance, mass, or quantity (after a word signifying 'hair'); as in केशपाश (keśapāśa) q. v.

-śī A rope, fetter; पाशीकल्पामायतामाचकर्ष (pāśīkalpāmāyatāmācakarṣa) Śi.18. 57.

Derivable forms: pāśaḥ (पाशः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pāśā (पाशा).—(?) , f. = Sanskrit pāśa, mass: Lalitavistara 357.9 (verse); see s.v. ūrṇākośa.

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Pāsa (पास).—(-pāsa) (ka) , f. -ikā, ifc. (Pali sūci-pāsa, Vism. 284.14), eye (of a needle), in vaṭṭa-p°, q.v., Mahāvastu ii.87.17; text °yāsikā; same verse in Pali, Jātaka (Pali) iii.282.13, su-pāsiyaṃ (v.l. °kaṃ), acc. sg. with sūciṃ; commentary sundarena suviddhena pāsena samannāgatattā supāsiyaṃ (suggesting that -iya or -ka, -ikā, accompanies the [bahuvrīhi] [compound] only); and, in fact, pāse (loc.) occurs in the prose iii.282.3, 5, with vijjhi(tvā), where the translators render wrongly dice; rather, piercing (the needle) at the (place for the) eye. From Sanskrit pāśa, loop ? A Deśī word (Deśīnāmamālā 6.75) pāsa = akṣi, eye, is recorded. Hindi āṅkh, eye, is given the meaning hole of a needle (sūī kā ched) in Hindī Śabdasāgara (1914), 1 p. 312, s.v. āṅkh, meaning 4; I have found no confirmation of this, or of any use of a word for eye, of a needle's eye, in any Indian dialect, in any other source. The Hindi usage (evidently limited) could possibly be explained as due to English influence. Professor W.N. Brown informs me that the common Hindi word for eye of a needle is nākā. However, Jäschke (Tibetan-English Dictionary) says that Tibetan mig, regularly eye, also means eye of a needle, and hole for the handle of a hatchet etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāśa (पाश).—m.

(-śaḥ) 1. A fetter, a chain, a tie, the string for fastening tamed animals, or the net or noose for catching birds, deer, &c. 2. A noose as a weapon of combat. 3. A die. 4. In composition with words signifying “hair,” denotes quantity, as keśapāśaḥ much or flowing hair. 5. In composition with karṇa, denotes “beauty,” as karṇapāśaḥ a handsome ear. 6. in compoition with chatra and other words expresses “contempt” or “depreciation,” as chatrapāśaḥ an inelegant or shabby umbrella; bhiṣak pāś “a bad physician &c.” E. paś to bind, aff. ghañ; where it is used in composition, it is in fact but a technical aff.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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