Pasenadi; 1 Definition(s)


Pasenadi means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

King of Kosala and contemporary of the Buddha. He was the son of Maha Kosala, and was educated at Takkasila where, among his companions, were the Licchavi Mahali and the Malla prince Bandhula. On his return home his father was so pleased with his proficiency in the various arts that he forthwith made him king. (DhA.i.338; for his genealogy see Beal: Records ii.2, n. 3).

As ruler, Pasenadi gave himself wholeheartedly to his administrative duties (*2) and valued the companionship of wise and good men (*3). Quite early in the Buddhas ministry, (*4) Pasenadi became his follower and close friend, and his devotion to the Buddha lasted till his death.

(*2) E.g., S.i.74, 100; the Commentary (SA i.109f.) adds that the king tried to put down bribery and corruption in his court, but his attempt does not appear to have been very successful.

(*3) Thus he showed his favour to Pokkharasadi and Canki, by giving them, respectively, the villages of Ukkattha and Opasada free of all taxes. It is said that his alms halls were always open to everyone desiring food or drink (Ud.ii.6). Even after becoming the Buddhas follower, he did not omit to salute holy men of other persuasions (

(*4) According to Tibetan sources, Pasenadis conversion was in the second year of the Buddhas ministry (Rockhill, p.49). We find the king referring to the Buddha, at their first meeting, as being young in years (S.i.69). Their first meeting and conversation, which ended in Pasenadis declaring himself an adherent of the Buddha, are recorded in the Dahara Sutta (q.v.).

But Pasenadis conversion did not prevent him from extending his favour, with true Indian toleration, to the members of other religious orders. Mention is even made of a great animal sacrifice which he once prepared, but which he abandoned on the advice of the Buddha, whom he sought at Mallikas suggestion (*5). He frequently visited the Buddha and discussed various matters with him (*6). The whole of the Third Samyutta (Kosala Saipyutta), consisting of twenty five anecdotes, each with a moral bias, is devoted to him. The topics discussed are many and varied. The Buddha and Pasenadi were equals in age, and their talks were, therefore, intimate and frank (*7).

(*5) S.i.75; for details see the Mahasupina and Lohakumbhi Jatakas. It is said (SA.i.111) that the king fell in love with a woman while riding round the city; on discovering that she was married, he ordered her husband to go, before sunset, and fetch clay and lilies from a pond one hundred leagues away. When the man had gone, the king ordered the gatekeepers to shut the gates early and not on any account to open them. The husband returned in the evening, and finding the gates shut, went to Jetavana, to seek protection from the kings wrath.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Relevant definitions

Search found 134 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

1) Kosala (कोसल).—The King and the people of the country of Kosala are called by the name Kosal...
Kāla (काल) is the name of a deity who was imparted with the knowledge of the Sahasrāgama by Sad...
Kāśi (काशि) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.27.6, VI.10.38, VI.52.13, VI.112.73...
1) Mallikā (मल्लिका) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt wi...
Purāṇa (पुराण) refers to the “record of ancient events” and is one of the nine divisions of the...
Ānanda (आनन्द) is the name of a physician that was ordered by queen Tārādattā to examine her da...
Soma (सोम) refers to the “drink of the gods” according to the Nīlamatapurāṇa verse 1377.—Most o...
1) Raja (रज).—A warrior of Subrahmaṇya. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 78).2) Raja (रज).—A Sag...
Puṇḍarīka (पुण्डरीक) is the name of a hell according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter X...
Sāketa (साकेत).—Name of the city of Ayodhyā; साकेतनार्योऽञ्जलिभिः प्रणेमुः (sāketanāryo'ñjalibh...
Māgadha (मागध) refers to a class of professional singers that once existed in ancient Kashmir (...
Vīra (वीर) or Vīrāgama refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the...
Śubha (शुभ, “auspicious”) refers to one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-ma...
Kuśa (कुश) is the name of a sage who was in the company of Bharata when he recited the Nāṭyaved...
Gaṇḍā (गण्डा).—A dāsī, who served the saptarṣis. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 93).

Relevant text