Pasana, Pāṣāṇa, Pāsāṇa, Pashana: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Pasana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pāṣāṇa can be transliterated into English as Pasana or Pashana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Pashan.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Pāṣāṇa (पाषाण) refers to “stones” according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains [viz., Pāṣāṇa], jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pāṣāṇa (पाषाण) refers to “rock”, representing a type of material for construction of a Liṅga, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.22 while explaining the importance of the partaking of the Naivedya of Śiva:—“[...] with regard to the following phallic images viz:—[...] liṅgas made of rock (Pāṣāṇa-liṅga) [...], the partaking of the Naivedya of Śiva is on a par with the rite of Cāndrāyaṇa. Even the slayer of a brahmin if he partakes of the remains of the food offered to the God quells all his sins immediately [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pāṣāṇa.—(IE 8-5; SITI), one of the eight kinds of enjoyment of landed property; rocky soil and its products; mineral pro- ducts; probably, stony and hilly land referring to the right of quarrying, etc. Note: pāṣāṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pāsāṇa : (m.) a stone; rock.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Pāsāṇa, (Epic Sk. pāṣāṇa) a rock, stone A. I, 283; Sn. 447; J. I, 109, 199; V, 295; Vism. 28, 182, 183; VbhA. 64 (its size as cpd with pabbata); DhA. III, 151; DhsA. 389; VvA. 157; Sdhp. 328.—guḷa a ball of (soft) stone, used for washing (pumice stone?) A. II, 200 (sāla-laṭṭhiṃ ... taccheyya ... likheyya ... pāsāṇaguḷena dhopeyya ... nadiṃ patāreyya), cp. M. I, 233; and Vism. 28 “bhājane ṭhapitaṃ guḷapiṇḍaṃ viya pāsāṇaṃ. ” —cetiya a stone Caitya DhA. III, 253.—tala a natural plateau J. I, 207.—piṭṭhe at the back of a rock Vism. 116.—pokkharaṇī a natural tank Vism. 119.—phalaka a slab of stone J. IV, 328.—macchaka a kind of fish (stone-fish) J. IV, 70; VI, 450.—lekha writing on a stone Pug. 32.—sakkharā a little stone, fragment of rock S. II, 137; A. IV, 237.—sevāla stone Vallisneria J. V, 462.—vassa rain of stones SnA 224. (Page 456)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pāṣāṇa (पाषाण).—m (S) A stone, a rock. Pr. pāṣāṇālā ghāma yēīla paṇa hyālā yēṇāra nāhīṃ Used of a very miserly or a very merciless person.

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pāṣāṇā (पाषाणा).—m A disease of the horse, spavin.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pāṣāṇa (पाषाण).—m A stone, a rock. Pr. pāṣāṇālā ghāma yēīla paṇa hyālā yēṇāra nāhīṃ Used of a very miserly or a very merciless person.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pāṣāṇa (पाषाण).—[pinaṣṭi piṣ saṃcūrṇane ānac pṛṣo° Tv.] A stone.

-ṇī 1 A small stone used as a weight.

2) A spear.

Derivable forms: pāṣāṇaḥ (पाषाणः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāśana (पाशन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. A noose, a snare. 2. Fettering, entrapping. E. pāśi, aff. lyuṭ .

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Pāṣāṇa (पाषाण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) A stone in general. f. (ṇī) A small stone used as a weight. E. piś to grind, (condiments upon,) ghañ aff. ānac added, and the deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāśana (पाशन).—i. e. paś + ana (m. or n.), A noose, Mahābhārata 7, 5923.

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Pāṣāṇa (पाषाण).—m. A stone, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 298.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāṣāṇa (पाषाण).—[masculine] stone; maya, [feminine] ī made of stone.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāṣāṇa (पाषाण):—m. (ifc. f(ā). ; according to, [Uṇādi-sūtra ii, 90 [Scholiast or Commentator]] [from] √paṣ; cf. pāśī) a stone, [Brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata] etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāṣāṇa (पाषाण):—(ṇaḥ) 1. m. A stone in general. f. (ṇī) A stone used as a weight.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Pāśana (पाशन):—[Mahābhārata 7,5923.] Fehlerhaft für lāsana , [9141] für pāṃsana.

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Pāṣāṇa (पाषाण):——

1) m. (adj. Comp. f. ā) — a) Stein — b) ein Backwerk in Gestalt von grossen Kieselsteinen.

2) *f. ī ein als Gewicht dienendes Steinchen.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Pasānā (पसाना):—(v) to pour off the watery content of boiled rice; to pour off superfluous water.

2) Pāṣāṇa (पाषाण) [Also spelled pashan]:—(nm) stone; —[yuga] the stone age; ~[hṛdaya] hard-hearted, stone-hearted, cruel, merciless, ruthless; unfeeling; hence ~[hṛdayatā] (nf).

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